(a) The Cone, an elongated fruit composed of a number of indurated scales, each of which bears one or more seeds on its inner surface.

(b) The Galbulus differs from the cone in being more or less rounded; the scales are sometimes fleshy (juniper berry).

(c) The Strobile resembles the cone, but the scales are membranous, and the seeds are contained in carpels (hop).

(d) The Syconus is formed of an enlarged hollow and more or less succulent receptacle which bears a number of separate flowers on its inner surface (fig).