Active Ingredients. - No accurate analysis of the composition of bael has yet been made. It contains an astringent principle allied more or less to tannic acid, and to which the active properties appear to be due.

Physiological Action. - Little is yet known on this point.

The liquid extract of the fruit acts as a mild aperient when given in moderate doses, but when in large ones as an active cathartic.

Therapeutic Action. - The physicians of Malabar consider the root, bark, and leaves to be refrigerant, and prescribe a decoction in hypochondriasis, melancholia, and disease of the heart. They also employ a decoction of the leaves in asthmatic complaints.

1 Dr. Buzzard (Article "Scurvy," Reynolds' System of Medicine, vol. i.) mentions oranges, lemons, limes, cabbage, lettuce, potatoes, onions, mustard and cress, dandelions sorrel, scurvy grass, cactus, grapes, apples, sauer-kraut, etc.

In India the fruit is declared to be a valuable and efficacious remedy in dysentery and diarrhoea, and all atonic affections of the bowels; also in irritation of the mucous membrane of the stomach. It relieves diarrhoea without constipating the bowels, and is recommended also for the relief of habitual constipation: I have myself administered it in some obstinate cases of English dysentery and diarrhoea with the best results.

Preparation And Dose. - Extractum Belae liquidum (B. Ph.), dose, 1 fluid drachm, to 1/2 fluid ounce. (4. - 8.)