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Materia Medica And Therapeutics - Vegetable Kingdom | by Charles D. F. Phillips



The design of the following pages will be most readily comprehended by the perusal of an extract from the author's original preface: "This work makes no pretension to bring forward a large mass of original research respecting abstract questions, although I believe it will be found to contain a considerable number of practical remarks on the use of drugs which are the genuine result of my own observations. It aims, however, at bringing together in a moderate compass a more extensive series of facts respecting the action of drugs, and especially a more enlarged view of what has been done in other countries, than will be found in the ordinary text-books."

TitleMateria Medica And Therapeutics - Vegetable Kingdom
AuthorCharles D. F. Phillips
PublisherWilliam Wood & Company
Year1879
Copyright1879, William Wood & Company
AmazonMateria Medica And Therapeutics: Vegetable Kingdom

By Charles D. F. Phillips, M.D.; F.R.C.S.E. Lecturer On Materia Medica, Westminster Hospital, London

Edited And Adapted To The H. S. Pharmacopoeia By Henry G. Piffard, A.M., M.D. Professor Of Dermatology, University Of The City Of New York, Bubgeon To Charity Hospital, Etc.

-Editor's Preface
The design of the following pages will be most readily comprehended by the perusal of an extract from the author's original preface: This work makes no pretension to bring forward a large mass of ori...
-Ranungula Ceae. Aconite (Aconitum Napellus)
Active Ingredients. - The toxic and medicinal properties of Aconite are mainly, if not wholly, represented by the alkaloid Aconitia, C30H47NO7, discovered by Pallas about the year 1770. (Besides Aconi...
-Ranungula Ceae. Aconite (Aconitum Napellus). Part 2
Amidst great doubts which still remain as to some possible actions of aconite in disease, there are certain main facts which can easily be verified by those who are willing to try the remedy perseveri...
-Ranungula Ceae. Aconite (Aconitum Napellus). Part 3
The treatment of acute rheumatism with aconite was first prominently brought into notice by Dr. Lombard, of Geneva, whose very favorable statements were subsequently corroborated by Dr. Fleming, the i...
-Ranungula Ceae. Aconite (Aconitum Napellus). Part 4
Diseases of Women. - Turning our attention specially to the congestive and inflammatory disorders of women, we meet with cases in our every-day practice of sudden and abrupt suppression of the catamen...
-Ranungula Ceae. Aconite (Aconitum Napellus). Part 5
1 Union Med., 1861. pp. 132-184. In Myalgia, or so-called muscular rheumatism, and in various forms of non-inflammatory aching pain in tendons, ligaments, and other fibrous structures, aconite may ...
-Pulsatilla (Pulsatilla Nigricans)
Active Ingredients. - The camphor-like crystalline body known as anemonine appears to represent all, or nearly all, the active properties of the P. nigricans. This substance, which is contained also i...
-Hellebore (Hellebortts Niger)
Active Ingredients. - The question which of the constituents of hellebore root are active, has attracted renewed interest of late years on account of the discovery of the glucoside Helleborin, by Bast...
-Podophyllum Peltatum (The Mat Apple)
Active Ingredients. - The rhizome, which is the only officinal portion, contains about 3 to 3.5 per cent. of a peculiar resin, called Podophyllun It also contains a certain proportion of the alkaloid ...
-Hydrastis (Hydrastis Canadensis)
(Active Ingredients. - Hydrastis contains three alkaloids: Hy-drastia, a white crystalline substance; berberia, a yellow cristalline body (found also in several other plants); and xanthopuccinia,1 als...
-Stavesacre (Delphinium Staphisagria)
Active Ingredients. - The Delphinium Staphisagria contains two alkaloidal bodies, delphinine and staphisagrine, upon which its active properties depend. Delphinine, which, according to Erdmann,' const...
-Cimicifuga (C. Racemosa, Actaea Racemosa)
Active Ingredients. - No perfectly satisfactory analysis of cimi cifuga has yet been made, but it seems probable that there is no alkaloidal principle contained in it; and, on the other hand, that the...
-Cimicifuga (C. Racemosa, Actaea Racemosa). Continued
As would be expected from what I have said, it has proved itself a medicine of singular value, not only in connection with childbirth, but in puerperal hypochondriasis. A remarkable instance of this i...
-Solan Aceae. Belladonna (Atropa Belladonna)
Active Ingredients. - It is now pretty certain that the poisonous action of belladonna leaves and root is dependent entirely upon the presence of the alkaloid atropia (C17H13NO3), which forms silky, g...
-Solan Aceae. Belladonna (Atropa Belladonna). Part 2
The further symptoms in fatal cases of belladonna-poisoning are swelling of the face, protrusion of the eyeballs, great inflation of the conjunctiva, coma, and convulsions; besides which narcotic phen...
-Solan Aceae. Belladonna (Atropa Belladonna). Part 3
In cases of the accidental swallowing of belladonna fruit, the first step should be to excite vomiting by means of small doses of sulphate of copper, or sulphate of zinc, repeated as often as may be n...
-Solan Aceae. Belladonna (Atropa Belladonna). Part 4
In Spasms. - The action of belladonna in relieving spasms, while very decidedly established as regards certain classes of affections, is more in dispute with regard to others. There is no doubt, for i...
-Solan Aceae. Belladonna (Atropa Belladonna). Part 5
Obstruction and Constipation. - Under this heading may be included the very remarkable action of belladonna in removing constipation or even positive obstruction of the bowels, which depends upon want...
-Solan Aceae. Belladonna (Atropa Belladonna). Part 6
In cases of inflammation of the spinal cord and its membranes, when brought on by external violence, I am again disposed to rely strongly upon the efficacy of belladonna. Quite recently I have seen tw...
-Solan Aceae. Belladonna (Atropa Belladonna). Part 7
Belladonna has been much employed in whooping-cough, and with tolerable success, but the useful action of many other drugs is manifested more readily. Contrary to the opinion expressed by Dr. Sidney ...
-Solan Aceae. Belladonna (Atropa Belladonna). Part 8
1 Therapeutics and Materia Medica, 4th Ed., 1874, vol. i, p. 924. Much more decidedly made out is the antagonism between belladonna and Calabar-bean, which, by the splendid researches of Dr. Fraser, ...
-Hyoscyamus (Hyoscyamus Niger)
Active Ingredients. - The principal activity of hyoscyamus resides in the alkaloid Hyoscyamia, which, after various erroneous processes, was obtained in unmistakable form by Geiger and Hesse (1833). H...
-Stramonium (Datura Stramonium)
Active Ingredients - Every portion of this plant, while fresh, has a heavy and disagreeable odor. In America the scent is said to be sometimes so powerful as to cause sickness in those who inadvertent...
-Dulcamara (Solanum Dulcamara)
Active Ingredients. - The powers of dulcamara probably depend entirely upon the presence of the true alkaloid solanine, although the glucoside dulcamarine, which is also contained in the plant (and wh...
-Capsicum (Capsicum Annuum)
Active Ingredient. - The physiological properties of capsicum are represented by capsicine, a yellow, thick semi-solid, which melts with heat, and is soluble with difficulty in water, but easily in et...
-Tobacco (Nicotiana Tabacum)
Active Ingredients. - To consider the whole subject of the active elements of tobacco, as used in its different forms, would be a task of much difficulty, - so many vexed questions have lately arisen....
-Tobacco (Nicotiana Tabacum). Continued
1 Vohl and Eulenburg, Arch. Phar. Chem. 147. 2 E. g., in M. Bean's cases of angina pectoris from this cause. 3 Bull, de Therapeutique, Juin 15, 1809. 4 Quoted by Taylor on Poisons. 5 Taylor, op. ci...
-Magnoliaceae. Drymis Winteri (Winter's Bark)
Active Ingredients. - Winter's bark, according to the analysis of Henry, contains volatile oil, resin, coloring' matter, tannin, acetate and sulphate of potash, chloride of potassium, oxalate of lime,...
-Illicium Anisatum (Star-Anise)
Active Ingredients. - The fruit of the Illicium anisatwn contains a substance, anithol (Anisi Camphor), which is chemically, though not physically, identical with the nitrogen-containing element of th...
-Menispermaceae. Calumba (Cocculus Palmatus)
. Active Ingredients. - The two elements which, probably, are alone efficient, are berberine and starch; for the alkaloid calumbine, C21H13O1, is most likely inert.1 Berberine, C20H17NO4 exists in the...
-Pareira Brava (Cissampelos Pareira)
Active Ingredients. - The active ingredient of pareira is now pretty well ascertained to be nothing more or less than buxine, C18H11NO3, an alkaloid which will be found mentioned as entering into the ...
-Cocculus Indicus (Anamirta Cocculus)
Active Ingredient. - The properties of cocculus seem to be fully represented by its alkaloid cocculine, or picrotoxine, C12H1405. This substance crystallizes out of a clear solution in stellate bundle...
-Papa Veraceae. Opium (Papaver Somniferum)
Active Ingredients. - A large number of substances enter into the composition of opium, and of some of these the physiological action is by no means settled. The most practically important are the alk...
-Papa Veraceae. Opium (Papaver Somniferum). Part 2
1 This alkaloid is not to be confounded with another substance also (most unwisely) named papaverine, which exists in the unripe poppy capsule. The latter is a resinoid body. Thebaine, C19H11NO4 crys...
-Papa Veraceae. Opium (Papaver Somniferum). Part 3
(a) Narcotic Action of Morphia. - Of the various constituents of opium, there can be little doubt that morphia most nearly represents the aggregate toxic powers of the drug. In poisonous doses it cong...
-Papa Veraceae. Opium (Papaver Somniferum). Part 4
1 Stimulants and Narcotics. London, 1864. 2 Das Codeia. Eine Monographie. Marburg, 1868. 3 Virchow's Archiv, 1869. 4 On the Connection between Chemical Constitution and Physiological Action. Edin...
-Papa Veraceae. Opium (Papaver Somniferum). Part 5
As an Anodyne, opium is without an equal. It will, at least temporarily, relieve pain of any kind; whether it be what is called merely functional, or such as depends on inflammation, or such as is the...
-Papa Veraceae. Opium (Papaver Somniferum). Part 6
1 I leave out of the question the treatment of external strangulated hernia; here the remedies are taxis, under chloroform, extraction of gas and fluids with the aspira-tor, and, failing these things,...
-Papa Veraceae. Opium (Papaver Somniferum). Part 7
Puerperal Convulsions form, perhaps, an exception: the high authority of Scanzoni may at all events be cited in favor of the beneficial influence of morphia in this affection. But it is probable that ...
-Papa Veraceae. Opium (Papaver Somniferum). Part 8
Again, in the severe acute pain of serous inflammations, especially pleurisy, may usually be afforded all the relief which formerly was sought through the employment of the lancet or of leeches, by th...
-Papa Veraceae. Opium (Papaver Somniferum). Part 9
Therapeutic Action of Meconine or Opianyl. - This may be referred to for completeness' sake, since there is some prospect, from John Harley's experiments on animals, that opianyl may prove a valuable ...
-Apomorphia
As an appendix to the article on opium and its alkaloids, it is neces-sary to give a description of the new substance apomorphia, which, though not a natural constituent of opium, has been obtained by...
-Sanguinaria (Sanguinaria Canadensis)
Active Ingredients. - The powers of sanguinaria chiefly depend on the presence of the alkaloid sanguinarine or chelerythrine, C19H17N04. It forms colorless crystalline needles, which cling together in...
-Sanguinaria (Sanguinaria Canadensis). Continued
As to the external and internal use of sanguinaria in tinea, we have not had occasion to test it; and the recorded facts are too few to allow of conviction; time and experience must decide. The stimu...
-Celandine (Chelidonium Majus)
Active Ingredients. - Chelidonium root contains two alkaloids. One of these is chelidonine, C19H7N3O3, which crystallizes in colorless, glittering tables, with two atoms of water that can be driven of...
-Cruciferae. Sinapis (Mustard)
Active Ingredients. - For so familiar a substance as it is, mustard has a rather complex chemistry. (a) The fixed oil, which forms about 25 per cent., can be obtained from either white or black musta...
-Cochlearia Armoracia (Horse-Radish)
Active Ingredients. - The root has a very pungent odor, and an acrid taste, depending on a volatile oil, C4H5NS, produced by the action of myrosin or myronic acid in the presence of water; it is ident...
-Violacoeae. Viola Odorata (The Common Sweet Violet)
Active Ingredients. - The active element of the V. odoratais the alkaloid violine, discovered in the root by Boullay (1828). It is a pale-yellow, bitter-tasting powder, which, on the application of he...
-Wild Pansy (Viola Tricolor)
Active Ingredients. - Little known. Boullay failed to find Violine in this plant (Gubler). Physiological Action. - A strong infusion made from 3 ss. - 3 i. of the herb without the root, does not giv...
-Polygalaceae. Senega (Polygala Senega)
Active Ingredients. - The only portion of senega employed in medicine is the root, which, although nearly inodorous, possesses a peculiar, bitter, and pungent flavor. If chewed, it leaves a sensation ...
-Rhatany (Krameria Triandra)
Active Ingredients. - Rhatany-root owes its powerful styptic qualities to the presence of krameric acid, C24H12O11, a dark-red, shining, amorphous substance, little soluble in cold water; a large quan...
-Linaceae. Common Flax (Linum Usitatissimtjm)
Active Ingredients. - The albumen of the seeds yields to boiling water an inodorous and almost tasteless mucilage. By expression the kernels (or cotyledons) yield a bland, inodorous, and sweetish oil,...
-Purging Flax (Linum Catharticum)
Active Ingredients. - The active principle is said to be the neutral body linine, discovered by Pagenstecher. Linine occurs in shining, silky white crystals, which are very soluble in alcohol, ether, ...
-Malvaceae. Marsh-Mallow (Althaea Officinalis)
Active Ingredients. - These are two. At any rate there is good reason to suppose that not only the mucilage, but also the aspara-gine (an alkaloid, which will be described with the liliaceous plant, a...
-Cotton (Gossypium Hebbacetjm)
Active Ingredients. - Cotton is a modification of lignine or cellulose, C12H10010, and in all its ordinary chemical properties corresponds with woody fibre. It is insoluble in water, alcohol, ether, o...
-Pyroxylon, Or Gun-Cotton
When cotton is immersed for three minutes in a mixture of nitric and sulphuric acids, five fluid ounces of each, then well washed, and dried upon a water-bath, it is converted into pyroxylon. The fibr...
-Collodium
Collodium is a solution of pyroxylon in ether or alcohol. It is prepared by taking pyroxylon, 1 ounce; ether, 36 fluid ounces; and rectified spirit, 12 fluid ounces; mixing the two latter, and allowin...
-Aurantiaceae. The Sweet Orange (Citrus Aurantium)
Active Ingredients. - The flowers contain volatile oil (called oil of Neroli), bitter extractive, and other substances. The water prepared from them should be colorless and fragrant. The rudimentary a...
-The Seville Or Bitter Orange (Cmtus Vulgaris)
This is a smaller tree than the preceding; the leaves are more elliptical; the flowers are more decidedly white, and yield a stronger perfume; the rind of the fruit is not yellow, but deep orange colo...
-The Lemon (Citrus Limonum)
Active Ingredients. - The recent and outermost part of the rind of the fruit has an aromatic and bitter taste; the odor is strong and peculiar. These qualities depend upon the presence of a volatile o...
-Bael, Or Indian Bael (aeGle Marmelos)
Active Ingredients. - No accurate analysis of the composition of bael has yet been made. It contains an astringent principle allied more or less to tannic acid, and to which the active properties appe...
-Polygonageae. Rhubarb (Rheum)
Active Ingredients. - There is still a considerable degree of uncertainty as to the part taken by the individual constituents of rhubarb in its action on the body. The first ingredient that requires n...
-Polygonageae. Rhubarb (Rheum). Continued
Another question which as yet remains a puzzle, relates to the respective shares in the general physiological action which are taken by the different ingredients of rhubarb. So lately as 1871, Nothnag...
-Byttneriaceae. Cocoa (Theobeoma Cacao)
Active Ingredients. - The Oleum Theobromae is a concrete oil obtained from the ground seeds by expression and heat, and appears to be composed chiefly of stearine with a little oleine. The consistency...
-Rhamnacae. Purging Buckthorn (Rhamnus Cathakticus)
Active Ingredients. - The purgative properties of buckthorn are probably due, for the most part, to an uncrystallizable bitter substance called Rhamnocathartine, the descriptions of which are still so...
-Alder Buckthorn (Rhamnus Frangula)
Active Ingredients. - The bark of the R. frangula contains a substance named frangulin by Casselman, who first obtained it pure. Its composition is said to be C6H6O3. It has been obtained in the for...
-Coniferae. Turpentine (Teeebinthina)
Active Ingredients. - The colorless turpentine of pharmacy is procured by distillation from the common yellow. The formula is C10H16. Specific gravity .84. It is miscible with absolute alcohol, benzol...
-Tar (Pix Liquida)
(From the Pinus Sylvestris.) Physiological Action. - Large doses of tar cause vomiting purging, violent pains in the bowels and across the kidneys, with diarrhoea and extreme exhaustion. When large d...
-Burgundy Pitch (Abies Excelsa.)
Physiological Action. - The local action of Burgundy pitch is that of a mild irritant. Certain constitutions are affected by it in a very remarkable manner, a troublesome inflammation of a vesicular a...
-Canada Balsam (Abies Balsamea)
Active Ingredients. - These appear to be much the same as those of turpentine. Physiological Action. - Similar to that of turpentine and co-paiva, but more irritating to the genito-urinary passages. ...
-Juniper (Juniperus Communis)
The juniper and its dark purple fruits are well known, and need no description, especially as the medicinal uses are very limited. As regards its employment in pharmacy, very little that is useful ca...
-Savin (Juniperus Sabina)
Active Ingredients. - The leaves, the tops, and the berries have a foetid and offensive odor, and a bitter, hot, and acrid taste. Distilled with water, they yield a considerable quantity of an essenti...
-Arbor Vitae (Thuja Occidentalis)
(Active Ingredients. - The leaves or rather fronds of Thuja contain Thujin, C20H12O12, and Thujigenin, C14H1207, discovered by Ro-chelder and Kawalier in 1858. Thujin forms citron-yellow shining micro...
-Guttiferae. Gamboge (Cambogia)
Active Ingredients. - The source of the physiological activity of gamboge is still a puzzle. The only active ingredient which has yet been identified is gambogic acid, C20H14O4, which, according to Ch...
-Euphorbiacae. Castor Oil (Ricinus Communis)
Active Ingredients. - Castor oil contains a peculiar glyceride, called ricinic acid, C18H34O2, which was formerly supposed to be the purgative principle; but more accurate researches have discountenan...
-Croton Oil (Croton Tiglium)
Active Ingredients. - Croton oil, as expressed from the seeds of the croton tiglium, and employed in medicine, is a clear, darkish-brown, rather thick fluid, and contains, according to Schlippe,1 4 pe...
-Cascarilla Bark (Croton Eleuteria)
Active Ingredients. - The active elements of cascarilla bark are probably the neutral crystalline principle Cascarilline, and, in less degree, two resinoid extracts. Cascarilline forms white, six-side...
-Kamala (Rottlera Tinctoria)
Active Ingredients. - Of the three characteristic bodies detect ed by Anderson1 in kamala, - Rottlerine, Rottlerared,2 and a peculiar flocky substance, - it is probable that the first named is the tru...
-Cucurbitaceae. Elaterium (Ecbalittm Agreste)
Active Ingredients. - According to the earlier of the modern writers upon elaterium, every portion of the plant is cathartic; and it is expressly stated by some, that the root may be employed in subst...
-Colocynth (Citrullus Colocynthis)
Active Ingredients. - The active properties of colocynth depend upon the presence of the glucoside colocynthine, C56H64O23, discovered by Herberger, and further investigated by Walz and by Bastick. C...
-Bryonia (Bryonia Dioica)
Active Ingredients. - The active principle of the Bryonia dioica is probably the neutral body bryonine, which appears to be a glu-coside. It exists, when separated, in white amorphous masses, of very ...
-Spigelia Ceae. Nux-Vomica (Steychnos Nux-Vomica)
Active Ingredients. - The alkaloids strychnia and brucia (are said to) represent all the powers of nux-vomica. Strychnia is colorless, and crystallizes out of an alcoholic solution in four-sided, rig...
-Spigelia Ceae. Nux-Vomica (Steychnos Nux-Vomica). Part 2
An important, but still undecided question is, whether the action of strychnia takes place directly upon the nervous tissues, or whether the nervous phenomena are only secondary to a general blood-poi...
-Spigelia Ceae. Nux-Vomica (Steychnos Nux-Vomica). Part 3
In incontinence or in retention of urine, such as occurs in old people, strychnia is sometimes employed with much benefit. There is one form of paralysis - that, namely which is limited to one or two...
-Ignatia Bean (Strychnos Ignatia)
Active Ingredients. - Analysis proves the constituents of igna-tia seeds to be similar to those of nux-vomica, though in different proportions. Physiological Action. - Given in small doses, gradually...
-Carolina Pink-Root (Spigelia Maeilandica)
Active Ingredients. - The root and the leaves contain some ingredient which at any rate proves fatal to the life of intestinal worms. Whether this effect and the other not very well-defined symptoms r...
-Demerara Pink-Root, Or Wormgrass (Spigelia Anthelmia)
Physiological Action. - Spigelia Anthelmia produces vomiting, giddiness, stupor, dilated pupils, diarrhoea, subsultus tendinum, irregular pulsations throughout the body, palpitations, dyspnoea, convul...
-Curara (South American Arrow-Poison)
Description. - Curara, as seen in England, is a blackish-brown substance, of consistency varying from that of an extract to a resin. The taste is very bitter. It is readily soluble in water, and when ...
-Curara (South American Arrow-Poison). Continued
The only other symptom that requires mention is the protrusion of the eyeballs, as observed by Voisin and Lionville. On the whole, the position of curara among narcotic poisons must be considered as v...
-Akazga (West African Ordeal Poison)
Active Ingredients. - From an alcoholic extract of the bark, Fraser obtained by Stas's process an alkaloid which he named akazgia, and which he proved to represent all the physiological powers of the ...
-Rutaceae. Rue (Ruta Graveolens)
Active Ingredients. - Rue contains a bitter, neutral, crystalline principle called rutine, C25H18O15, not known to possess any physiological activity, and an ethereal oil, which appears to be t...
-Angustura, Or Cusparia Bark (Galipea Cusparia)
Active Ingredients. - Angustura has a strong, peculiar, and slightly offensive odor, with an abiding, bitter, and aromatic taste which is said to produce salivation. It yields its properties to water ...
-Buchu (Babosma Crenulata)
Active Ingredients. - Buchu leaves contain 7 per cent. of a volatile oil, which gives them a powerful and penetrating odor. This oil is yellowish-brown and lighter than water. They contain, also, a pe...
-Jaborandi (Pilocarpus Pinnatifolius)
Active Ingredients. - In 1875, MM. Byasson and Hardy both obtained from this plant an alkaloid which is now known as pilocarpia. It is probable that jaborandi also contains another alkaloid and a pecu...
-Granataceae. Pomegranate (Punica Granatum)
Active Ingredients. - The rind of the fruit contains about 20 per cent, of tannin, with extractive and mucilaginous matters. The root-bark contains about the same proportion of tannic acid, some galli...
-Scrophulariaceae. Foxglove (Digitalis Purpurea)
Active Ingredients. - Until quite lately, the chemistry of digitalis was a mass of confusion, owing to the want of concert between the different observers, and the careless use of particular names, wh...
-Scrophulariaceae. Foxglove (Digitalis Purpurea). Part 2
One of the most indisputable facts respecting the action of digitalis is the remarkable increase of blood-pressure which it occasions in the arteries. Of this fact, again, different explanations are p...
-Scrophulariaceae. Foxglove (Digitalis Purpurea). Part 3
Digitalis plays an important part in the treatment of the state originally pointed out by Stokes as weak heart, a state which is referred by German physicians to fatty and granular conditions of its...
-Scrophulariaceae. Foxglove (Digitalis Purpurea). Part 4
As a Diuretic, digitalis would hold very high rank, even were its power of relieving cardiac embarrassment unknown. In nearly all varieties of dropsy, except those where there is aortic regurgitation ...
-Scrophulariaceae. Foxglove (Digitalis Purpurea). Part 5
1 Probably the earliest mention may have been that by Carrie, in his Report on the Effects of Water, Cold, and Warm, etc. In Erysipelas, digitalis was particularly recommended by Traube; and certai...
-Scrophulariaceae. Foxglove (Digitalis Purpurea). Part 6
In Pericarditis, Niemeyer' strongly recommends digitalis in cases in which the heart's action is very rapid and feeble, and where there are cyanotic and dropsical symptoms. In Pleurisy, with high fev...
-Scrophulariaceae. Foxglove (Digitalis Purpurea). Part 7
In Haemoptysis, digitalis has received warm praise from many writers. Dr. Brunton4 states that, as soon as the characteristic slowing of the pulse is produced, the bleeding from the lung is stopped; h...
-Scrophulariaceae. Foxglove (Digitalis Purpurea). Part 8
Acute Mania. - In various forms of this disease digitalis has been strongly recommended by Homolle and Quevenne,3 Lockhart, Robertson.4 Maudsley,5 Blandford,6 Van der Kolk,7 and others; and in a consi...
-Eye-Bright (Euphrasia Officinalis)
Active Ingredients. - The plant has not been subjected to very thorough chemical analysis. Enz, however, has obtained a tannin-like body, euphrastic acid (Euphrastannsaure) of the composition, C32H10O...
-Yellow Jasmine (Gelsemium Semfervirens)
Active Ingredients. - The active ingredients of gelsemium were first investigated by Wormley,1 who succeeded in isolating an alkaloid gelsemia which existed in combination with an acid termed by him g...
-Anacardiaceae. Rhus (Rhus Toxicodendron)
Active Ingredients. - When a branch or leaf of this plant is broken off, there exudes a yellowish milky juice, which in a little while turns black. So poisonous is this juice, that even the atmosphere...
-Anacardiaceae. Rhus (Rhus Toxicodendron). Continued
1 Des Characteres, du Traitement et de la Cure des Dartres, et de la Paralysis des extrumites inferieures .... par l'usage du Rhus Radicans, etc. Paris; An VII. de la Republique. This led Dufresnoy t...
-Myrrh (Balsamodendron Myrrha)
Active Ingredients. - Myrrh contains two per cent. of Myrrhol, C10H14O, a volatile oil, soluble in alcohol, and in ether; from 30 to 40 per cent. of a resin, called myrrhus, C48HS2Ol0, soluble in alco...
-The Cashew Nut (Anacardium: Occidkntale)
The pericarp of the nut contains abundance of a thick and caustic oil, capable of blistering the skin, and which has been used as a caustic for warts, corns, ringworm, and obstinate ulcers. The vapor ...
-Compositae. Elecampane (Inula. Helenium)
Active Ingredients. - The thick and substantial root, when dried and sliced, has an agreeable and camphoraceous odor, and an aromatic, rather bitter, and slightly pungent taste. It contains a neutral ...
-Pyrethrum (Anacyclus Pyrethbum)
Active Ingredients. - The principal ingredients of pyrethrum are three in number; (1) an acrid fixed resin, pyrethrine, insoluble in caustic potash; (2) a second resin; (3) an acrid yellow oil, both o...
-Wormwood (Abtemisia Absinthium)
Active Ingredients. - These consist of a green volatile oil, having a strong wormwood odor; and a bitter extract, yielding absinthine, C16H12O6 (Kromager), which last is the essential bitter principle...
-Santonica (Artemisia Santonica)
Active Ingredients. - These consist of a volatile oil, and a peculiar, crystalline, neutral principle calledsantonine, C15H18O3, which, though procurable from other plants, is contained in quantity wo...
-Chamomile (Anthemis Nobilis)
Active Ingredients. - Chamomile contains a peculiar dark-blue or dark-green essential oil, the source of its activity, and which has lately assumed an unexpected importance, from the researches of Bin...
-Dandelion (Taraxacum Dens Leonis)
Active Ingredients. - These are Taraxacine and Taraxacerine, C40H40O6 The former is dissolved out by hot water, the latter by alcohol from the insoluble residue. Physiological Action. - Nothing whate...
-Arnica (Arnica Montana)
Active Ingredients. - A very important question, since great mistakes have been occasioned by erroneous views. The ingredient long supposed to be of most consequence is arnicine, C20H30O4, a bitter pr...
-Coltsfoot (Tussilago Farfara)
Physiological Action. - Coltsfoot is emollient, demulcent, and slightly tonic. Therapeutic Action. - Coltsfoot is a popular remedy for pulmonary complaints, especially chronic coughs. Dr. Cullen emp...
-Gentianaceae. Gentian (Gentiana Lutea)
Active Ingredients. - The active principle of gentian is not, as was formerly supposed, the gentianine or gentianic acid, C14H10O5, a substance which crystallizes in yellow and silky needles, and is t...
-Chiretta (Ophelia Chirata)
Active Ingredients. - These are probably chirettine, C26H48015, a bitter, neutral, resinoid substance, discovered by Hohn (which does not reduce an alkaline solution of a copper salt), and ophelic aci...
-Convolvulaceae. Scammony (Convolvulus Scammonia)
Active Ingredients. - The medicinal powers of scammony depend principally upon the presence of jalapine (pararhodeoretine or scam-monine), C34H55O16, a glucoside,1 in many respects corresponding very ...
-Jalap (Ipomcea Jalapa)
Active Ingredients. - Jalap contains about 15 per cent. of a resin upon which its cathartic properties depend; also about 20 per cent. of a watery extractive matter, with starch, sugar, and other subs...
-Zygophyllaceae. Guaiacum (Guaiacum Officinale)
Active Ingredients. - Guaiacum resin has a slightly aromatio and balsamic odor; on being chewed, it softens, and communicates a slightly bitter and acrid taste, followed by a peculiar burning and pric...
-Myrtaceae. The Clove (Caryophyllus Aromatictts)
Active Ingredients. - These, according to Trommsdorf, consist chiefly of volatile oil, tannin, a gum-resin, extractive, and lignin. Upon analysis, the volatile oil resolves into a hydrocarbon, C10H16,...
-Pimento (Pimenta Vulgaris)
Active Ingredients. - The virtues of pimento mainly reside in the pericarp and the seeds, from which are obtained two essential oils, one volatile and the other fixed. The former of these (oleum pimen...
-Cajeput Oil (Melaleuca Cajeputi)
Active Ingredients. - Cajeput-oil is very fluid and transparent, light green in color, and possessed of a strong but agreeable odor, and a warm, aromatic, and camphoraceous taste, soon followed by a s...
-Smilaoeae. Sarsaparilla (Smilax Officinalis)
Active Ingredients. - Sarsaparilla contains, besides a varying amount of starch, a volatile oil, and a white crystalline principle, Smila-cine, of which the chemical formula is not yet settled. Smilac...
-Smilaoeae. Sarsaparilla (Smilax Officinalis). Continued
Modern German opinion is summed up by Nothnagel.2 After mentioning that sarsaparilla is always given in conjunction with other vegetable substances which are supposed to act in an analogous and auxili...
-Simarubaceae. Quassia (PiceaeEna Excelsa)
Active Ingredients. - The wood of the picraena owes its qualities to a peculiar neutral principle called quassine, or quassite, C10H12O3. When separated it appears in the form of small, white, prismat...
-Leguminosae. Calabar Bean (Physostigma Venentosum)
Active Ingredients. - The efficient element of Calabar bean is the alkaloid called eserine or physostigmine, C15H11N3O2: it is present only in the cotyledons of the seeds. Physostigmine 1 is a colorle...
-Leguminosae. Calabar Bean (Physostigma Venentosum). Continued
As to the accompanying symptoms, it does not appear that successful antagonism necessarily brings with it, or implies any particular class of these. The antagonism may be attended by a greater promine...
-Senna (Cassia Obovata)
Active Ingredients. - These, notwithstanding some conflicting opinions, appear to be exclusively represented by the Cathartic acid of Dragendorff and Kubly. It is an acid glucoside, amorphous, of a br...
-Broom (Sarothamnus Scoparius)
Active Ingredients. - The ends of the young shoots and the leaves upon these parts have a bitter and nauseous taste, and, while fresh, yield a remarkable odor on being bruised. They contain two peculi...
-Indian Kino (Pterocarpus Marsupium)
Active Ingredients. - Kino is inodorous, but has a very astringent taste, which ultimately becomes sweetish. Artificial heat does not affect it, but in the mouth it softens readily, turning the saliva...
-Balsam Of Peru (Myrospermum Peruvianum)
Active Ingredients. - In consistence this balsam is viscid, and like treacle, with a sp. gr. of 1.15. It is reddish-brown, or almost black; possesses an agreeable odor, somewhat resembling that of van...
-Balsam Of Tolu (Myrospermum (Or Myroxylox) Toluiferum)
Active Ingredients. - The composition of Balsam of Tolu is very similar to that of Balsam of Peru, and, like the last-named, is chiefly represented in cinnameine, cinnamic acid, and resin. It is solub...
-Logwood (HaeMatoxylon Campechianum)
Active Ingredients. - Logwood contains haematoxylin orhaema-tine, C16H14O6, which substance is sometimes found crystallized in the crevices; tannin also, resin, and the ordinary constituents of wood i...
-Copaiva (Copaifera Multijuga, And Other Species)
Active Ingredients. - The constituents which represent nearly the whole of copaiva are two, a resin, in the proportion of about 52 per cent., and a volatile oil, to the extent of 40 per cent. These pr...
-Canellaceae. Canella (Canella Alba)
Active Ingredients. - By distillation, the bark yields a warm and aromatic oil. This is a mixture of eugenic acid, C10H12O2, with two neutral oxygen-containing oils. Physiological Action. - This is n...
-Vitaceae. The Grape (Vitis Vixifeea)
Active Ingredients. - The skin of grapes is properly rejected in eating them: the remaining contents are juice, semi-solid matter, and pips, all of which should be consumed. The important ingredients ...
-Liliaceae. Squill (Urginea Scilla)
Active Ingredients. - When prepared for employment in medicine, the bulb of the squill is cut into slices. These, clammy while recent, become, when dried, brittle and slightly translucent, and are eas...
-Aloes (Aloe Vulgaris, And Aloe Socotrina)
Active Ingredients. - The resin of the vulgaris, when pulverized, is of a dirty yellow color, always presenting a dull appearance; even thin laminae are very opaque. The odor is excessively disagreeab...
-Rosaceae. The Almond (Amygdalus Communis)
Active Ingredients. - The almond yields by expression a considerable quantity of oil, which, when compared with olive oil, is found to be more pure, and less liable to become rancid. An essential oil ...
-Cherry-Laurel (Cerasus Lauro-Cerasus)
Active Ingredients. - The leaves possess a bitter and somewhat acrid flavor, and the odor evolved, when they are bruised, is offensive and characteristic. Drying dissipates the odor, but the taste rem...
-The Plum (Prunus Domestica)
Active Ingredients. - Prunes contain a large amount of water, with about 20 per cent. of solid matter. The latter consists of malic acid, gum, sugar, pectin, lignin, and other unimportant substances, ...
-Kousso (Brayera Anthelminttca)
Active Ingredients. - It still remains doubtful whether the crystalline, acidly reacting substance, koussine, is the only active element in kousso; or whether a peculiar resin, a volatile oil, and two...
-The Wild Cherry (Prunus Virginiana)
Active Ingredients. - The leaves of this tree were ascertained by Procter to yield on distillation both hydrocyanic acid and a light straw-colored volatile oil; the former in quantity sufficient to al...
-Hamamelaceae. Witch Hazel (Hamamelis Virginica)
Active Ingredients. - The chemistry of this plant has not been fully studied. The older analyses discovered a very large proportion of tannin. It contains in addition a volatile principle, the nature ...
-Santalaceae. Sandal-Wood (Santalum Album)
Active Ingredients. - I am not acquainted with any accurate analysis of the oil, which was introduced to the notice of the English profession either by Dr. Henderson, of Glasgow,1 in 1865, or by the l...
-Umbelliferae. Hemlock (Conium Maculatum)
Active Ingredients. - The special and characteristic medicinal substance contained in hemlock is a peculiar alkaloid, called coniine, and known also by the names of conin, conia, and cicutine. It resi...
-Umbelliferae. Hemlock (Conium Maculatum). Part 2
Here, however, it must be remarked that there is considerable variance between Harley and other observers; although perhaps a part of the difference is more apparent than real. Harley states that a fu...
-Umbelliferae. Hemlock (Conium Maculatum). Part 3
In Spasmodic and Convulsive Disorders, coniine, though apparently so suited by its physiological action to their treatment, has not yet established any settled rank, notwithstanding the strong stateme...
-Asafoetida (Narthex Asafcetida)
Active Ingredients. - Besides resin, gum and other unimportant substances, which constitute the chief bulk, asafoetida contains a variable quantity of volatile oil, upon the presence of which its odor...
-Anise Or Aniseed (Pimpinella Anisitm)
Active Ingredients. - The efficient ingredient of anise is the oil obtained from the fruits, which is a mixture of a fixed oil and the volatile anethol, a substance common not only to several Umbellif...
-Fennel (Foeniculum Dulce)
Active Ingredients. - The oil of sweet fennel, constituting the active principle, is of a light straw color, and retains the odor of the fruit. In composition it corresponds with the oil of anise; it ...
-Cumin (Cuminum Cymlnttm)
Active Ingredients. - The properties of cumin depend on a volatile oil, which is of a pale yellow color, limpid, and lighter than water. It is a mixture of cuminol and cymol. Cuminol, C10H12O, isomeri...
-Coriander (Coriandrum Sativum)
Active Ingredients. - The taste and odor of coriander seeds are referable to a yellowish volatile oil which in flavor renders them moderately warm and pungent. Kawalier believes it to be of the camphi...
-Caraway (Carum Carui)
Active Ingredients. - Caraways owe their properties to a volatile oil, which is thin, colorless, or straw-yellow, with a well-known penetrating smell, and a hot, bitterish taste. It dissolves in an eq...
-Dill (Anethum Graveolens)
Active Ingredients. - The fruit of this plant owes it properties to the non-volatile and volatile forms of anethol, which has been already described under anise. Physiological Action. - Nothing is ac...
-Sumbul (Euryangium Sumbul)
Active Ingredients. - The analyses of Reinsch show that when the clear pale yellow resin extracted by ether from sumbul root is treated with alcohol (of 75 per cent.), and the solution evaporated, a b...
-Lobeliaceae. Lobelia (Lobelia Inflata)
Active Ingredients. - The active properties of lobelia are yielded both to alcohol and to ether, and appear to depend principally upon the presence of lobeline,1 a peculiar alkaline principle which pr...
-Ericaceae. Uva-Ursi (Arctostaphylos Uva-Uksi)
Active Ingredients. - The leaves, when dried and pulverized, evolve an odor resembling that of hay or tea; their taste is bitter and astringent. The constituents, which are brought out both by water a...
-Pyrolaceae. Pipsissewa (Chimaphila Umbellata)
Active Ingredients. - When bruised, the chimaphila evolves a powerful odor; the leaves, while fresh, possess considerable acridity, though in taste warm and somewhat pungent and astringent. In the dri...
-Styracaceae. Storax (Styrax Officinale)
Active Ingredients. - Storax in the tear, the genuine liquid balsam of storax, is brownish-yellow, translucent, and of the consistence of honey. The odor is peculiar and agreeable; the taste is warm...
-Benzoin (Styrax Benzoin)
Active Ingredients. - The best Siam benzoin occurs in white or reddish tears, agglutinated together by a darker colored and amorphous portion, the fracture presenting an amygdaloid appearance. The odo...
-Myristicaceae. The Nutmeg (Mybistica Fragrans)
Active Ingredients. - Nutmegs contain about 30 per cent. of a concrete oil, which, when extracted by means of heat and expression, receives the name of butter of nutmegs. In commerce it occurs in soli...
-Asclepiadaceae. Hemidesmus (Hemidesmus Indicus)
Active Ingredients. - The properties of the root are believed to depend upon the presence of a volatile crystalline substance, called hemidesmine or hemidesmic acid. They are yielded to boiling water,...
-Valeriana Ceae. Valerian (Valeriana Officinalis)
Active Ingredients. - The ethereal oil of valerian contains the active ingredients of the plant. There is still much uncertainty as to its precise composition; perhaps the analysis of Pierlot comes ne...
-Valerianic Acid And Its Compounds
Something must necessarily be said (though it is not easy to say anything very satisfactory) concerning the action of valerianic acid and the valerianates. Of Valerianic Acid, C6H10O2 Reissner1 is th...
-Cinchonaceae. Cinchona
Active Ingredients. - The ingredients which confer physiological and therapeutic power upon the cinchona barks are very numerous. They may be divided into four groups, varying in importance, but perfe...
-Cinchonaceae. Cinchona. Part 2
Whether kinovine is itself an available remedy in disease has not yet been determined. It is employed, however, in the preparation of Kerner's pure and impure kinovates of lime. Physiological Action....
-Cinchonaceae. Cinchona. Part 3
The occasional occurrence of symptoms, after the use of large doses of cinchona (less frequently after pure quinine), which resemble those which accompany a malarial paroxysm is undoubted. The marked ...
-Cinchonaceae. Cinchona. Part 4
y. The corpuscle may be surrounded by projections of another kind. The main body shrinks gradually into an irregular lump, while minute, translucent spherules of various sizes present themselves roun...
-Cinchonaceae. Cinchona. Part 5
Physiological Action of Quinidine. - There is every reason to believe that this corresponds exactly in every particular with that of quinine. Baxter ranks quinidine just equal to quinine as a protopla...
-Cinchonaceae. Cinchona. Part 6
I have found that in treating the ordinary agues of Great Britain, there is a decided advantage in employing large doses given only in the intermission. In the case of an ague of moderate severity, an...
-Cinchonaceae. Cinchona. Part 7
In those affections which indirectly result from an original malarial poisoning, it is of much consequence to determine the manner in which quinine may be most usefully employed. In Neuralgias of mal...
-Cinchonaceae. Cinchona. Part 8
Besides the direct action which quinine may exercise upon uncomplicated fevers, we must remember that its use may be specially called for in those septic infections which so frequently occur as compli...
-Cinchonaceae. Cinchona. Part 9
In Pneumonia, at any rate in the stage of dry, pungently hot skin, it will be much better to commence with aconite, even if we afterwards employ quinine. The action of aconite in rapidly throwing open...
-Cinchonaceae. Cinchona. Part 10
In Chorea quinine has never appeared to me to exert more than a subordinate and almost accidental curative power. We now and then seem to hit, quite by chance as it seems, some ill-understood want of ...
-Cinchonaceae. Cinchona. Part 11
. As an Oxytocic, or stimulant of the uterine movements, quinine has yet to give its absolute proofs, but a large amount of evidence has been collected, during the last few years, in favor of th...
-Cinchonaceae. Cinchona. Part 12
The hydrochlorate of quinine is evidently the best preparation, especially for the purposes last named. The formula of the neutral salt is C20H14N2O2, HCL+2H1O. It is soluble in as little as 24 parts ...
-Pale Catechu (Nauclea Gambir)
Active Ingredients. - Pale catechu contains between thirty-six and forty per cent. of tannic acid, and the important substance catechine or catechuic acid, CI3H12O5 (Rochleder). The first named, ...
-Ipecacuanha (Cephaelis Ipecacuanha)
Active Ingredients. - The woody portion of the root of the ipecacuanha plant is nearly inert; that which gives value to it in medicine being the bark. Both portions contain the essential alkaloid, em...
-Ipecacuanha (Cephaelis Ipecacuanha). Continued
In Catarrh which mainly affects the stomach, ipecacuanha can also prove very useful, but it needs to be employed with more precaution. Anything like the emetic, or even the nauseating doses, would be ...
-Coffee (Coffea Arabica)
Active Ingredients of the seeds vary accordingly as it is raw or roasted. In the raw seed, Caffeine, C8H10N4O2, is probably the only important ingredient; it crystallizes in pure white silky needles, ...
-Coffee (Coffea Arabica). Continued
Even as a true Antiseptic and Antiperiodic, coffee is adopted by many physicians; the practice comes from the Philippine Islands, and has been introduced into Europe by Dutch physicians, and the opini...
-Oleaceae. The Olive (Olea Europaea)
Active Ingredients. - Pure olive oil is unctuous, pale yellow, or yellow with a greenish tinge, very slightly odorous, and possessed of a bland and slightly sweetish flavor. The sp. gr. is 0.92. At a ...
-Soap
The soaps prepared with olive oil are of two distinct kinds: Sapo durus, or hard soap, in which the other chief ingredient is soda; and Sapo mollis, or soft soap, in the manufacture of which potash is...
-Glycerine
Glycerine, discovered in 1789 by Scheele, who gave it the name of the sweet principle of oils, is a thick and syrupy liquid produced by the saponification of the fats and fixed oils. It is either co...
-Nitroglycerine (Glonoinum)
When glycerine is subjected to the action of nitric and sulphuric acids, a body known as nitro-glycerine or glonoine, discovered by Sobrero,1 is formed. Its composition is C3H5N3O9. It has an oily con...
-Manna (Fraxinus Ornus)
Active Ingredients. - Manna is of the consistence of cheese, yellowish-white, faintly odorous, and of a sweetish but sickly flavor. About sixty or eighty per cent. consists of mannite: the other const...
-Thymelaceae. Mezereon (Daphne Mezereum)
Active Ingredients. - Mezereon bark contains daphnine, a resin, and a volatile oil. The daphnine is a neutral crystalline principle, bitter, and slightly astringent, but inert; the resin is dark green...
-Zingiberaceae. Ginger (Zingiber Officinale)
Active Ingredients. - The taste of the rhizome is hot and biting, with a little acridity superadded: these characters it retains when dried. The odor, although in recent examples faint, then becomes p...
-Cardamoms (Elettaria Cardamomum)
Active Ingredients. - Cardamom seeds are fragrant; the taste is warm, pungent, and highly aromatic. Their principles are extracted by water, and still more easily by alcohol. The important one is a vo...
-Iridaceae. Blue Flag (Iris Versicolor)
Active Ingredients. - The chemistry of this plant has not been thoroughly studied. No attempts, so far as we are aware, have been made to isolate its active principles and to determine their ultimate ...
-Labiatae. Lavender (Lavandula Vera)
Active Ingredients. - The flower spikes, which alone are officinal, contain a considerable quantity of oil, combined with which is a bitter principle. The former is an oxidized volatile oil or hydroca...
-Spearmint (Mentha Viridis)
Active Ingredients. - Spearmint, cultivated from time immemorial in every kitchen-garden, owes its general properties to a volatile oil, believed to be a hydrocarbon, and containing a peculiar camphor...
-Peppermint (Mentha Piperita)
Active Ingredients. - In flavor peppermint is the most agreeable of its genus. The taste and odor, as in the other species, are given by an oil which, on being distilled from the recent plant while in...
-Pennyroyal (Mentha Pulegium)
Active Ingredients. - In composition, oil of pennyroyal is believed to resemble oil of spearmint, i. e., to be an oxidized hydrocarbon, containing camphor in solution. The color is pale yellow; the od...
-Rosemary (Rosmarinus Officinalis)
Active Ingredients. - The oil upon which depends the well-known scent of this plant is colorless; it is apparently of the same composition as the Labiate oils already described, and retains both the o...
-Piperaceae. Black Pepper (Piper Nigrum)
Active Ingredients. - Pepper is hot, pungent, and aromatic, and along with other ordinary constituents of small berries, contains the above-named Piperine, a resin, and a volatile oil. Piperine, C17H1...
-Cubebs (Cubeba Officinalis)
Active Ingredients. - The odor of cubebs is peculiar, campho-raceous, and aromatic; the taste is hot and peppery. They contain a volatile oil, a resin, and a substance called cubebine. The volatile o...
-Matico (Artanthe Elongata)
Active Ingredients. - Matico leaves contain a volatile oil, a dark green resin, a bitter principle called maticine, traces of tannic acid, and another acid readily crystallizable, termed the artanthic...
-Lauraceae. Cinnamon (Cinnamomum Zeylanicum)
Active Ingredients. - The dried inner bark of the cinnamon tree possesses a warm, sweet, and aromatic taste, and evolves a corresponding odor. These qualities are referable to a volatile oil, C9H7OH, ...
-Camphor (Camphora Officinarum)
Active Ingredients. - Camphor, when extracted and purified, is white, concrete, crystalline, semi translucent, somewhat granular, tough, and difficult to pulverize. The odor is strong, penetrating, an...
-Sassafras (Sassafras Officinale)
Active Ingredients. - Sassafras wood has a warm and aromatic taste, and a peculiar fragrance. It contains a volatile oil, fatty matter, resin, a principle called sassafrine, tannin in small quantity, ...
-Bebeeru, Or Bibiru (Nectandra Rodiaei)
Active Ingredients. - Bibiru bark contains an alkaloid called Beberia or Biberine, C19H1INO3, a yellow resinous-looking body, which does not crystallize, is soluble in alcohol, slightly so in ether, a...
-The Sweet Bay (Laurus Nobilis)
Active Ingredients. - In England the bay tree is immediately distinguished from all other out-door evergreens by the cinnamon odor of the bruised leaves. This proceeds from a volatile oil, contained a...
-Aristolochiaceae. Serpentaria (Aristolochia Serpentaria)
Active Ingredients. - The root of this plant contains a volatile oil, a resin, and a bitter and acrid extractive matter, which last is soluble both in water and in spirit. The volatile oil is yellowis...
-Urticaceae. The Hop (Humulus Lupulus)
Active Ingredients. - The active principles of the hop reside chiefly, though not exclusively, in the lupuline, which possesses the peculiar flavor of the hop, and determines, by its abundance or othe...
-Hemp (Cannabis Sativa)
Active Ingredients. - The vegetative portions of the hemp plant exhale a powerful and rather repelling odor when fresh, but the scent is much diminished or lost altogether by drying. The taste is feeb...
-Corylaceae. The Oak (Quercus Alba)
Active Ingredients. - The principal active ingredients contained in oak bark are tannic acid, gallic acid, and pectin, all of which are yielded both to water and to spirit. The amount of tannic acid v...
-Galls (Quercus Infectoria)
Active Ingredients. - Galls contain about thirty-five to forty per cent. of tannic acid, and about six per cent. of gallic acid; also a substance called ellagic acid, discovered by Chevreul and Bracon...
-Melanthaceae. Colchicum (Colchicum Autumnale)
Active Ingredients. - The corm and the seeds both contain a crystalline principle, which may be separated from a solution in dilute spirit in needles and prisms, and is called Colchicine, C17H19NO5. P...
-American Hellebore (Veratrum Viride)
Active Ingredients. - The researches of Dr. Eugene Peugnet1 have satisfactorily settled many vexed questions in regard to this subject. He shows that the principal alkaloid is veratrine,2 identical wi...
-American Hellebore (Veratrum Viride). Continued
(a) Veratrine has been largely used in France and Germany; to a much less extent in this country. 1. The external application may first be mentioned, as this mode of employment produces results conce...
-Salicaceae. The Crack Willow (Salix Fragtlis)
Active Ingredients. - Willow bark is bitter and astringent. These qualities are referable partly to a certain proportion of tannin, and more particularly to the presence of a crystalline neutral princ...
-Ulmaceae. Slippery-Elm (Ulmus Campestris)
Active Ingredients. - Elm bark contains about three per cent. of tannin, and a peculiar mucilaginous and gummy principle, not met with elsewhere, called ulmine. Ulmine is dark brown, insoluble in cold...
-Fungi. Ergot (Secale Cornutum; Cordyceps Purpurea)
Active Ingredients. - Ergot contains about thirty-five per cent. of a fixed oil, and about fifteen per cent. of a peculiar reddish-brown substance called ergotine, C50H52N2O3. The fixed oil is lighter...
-Fungi. Ergot (Secale Cornutum; Cordyceps Purpurea). Continued
Convulsive ergotism, as above described, often carries with it a ravenous desire for food. A vesicular eruption on the skin, often with petechia?, is also a very frequent addition. In continental Euro...
-Corn Smut (Ustilago Maidis)
So far as studied, its effects are similar to those of ergot. It may be used in the same preparations and doses. It is readily obtained at the proper season, and good ustilago is better than bad ergot...
-Filices. Male Fern (Lastraea Filix-Mas)
Active Ingredients. - The particular ingredients of the rhizome of the Filix-mas are a volatile oil, a fatty fixed oil, and a resin, besides which there are tannin, filicic acid, coloring matter, some...
-Lichenes. Iceland Moss (Cetraria Islandica)
Active Ingredients. - Iceland moss is devoid of odor, but possessed of a bitter taste, and in substance is mucilaginous. It contains about eighty per cent, of farinaceous matter, which is resolvable i...
-Index. Diseases
Abdominal Cramps (See Colic). Abdominal Plethora: Grape-cure. Abscesses: Belladonna, Sarsaparilla. Ague (See Intermittent Fever). Albuminuria: Cannabis Indica, Chimaphila, Gallic Acid, Turpentine...
-Index. Diseases. Part 2
Sumbul, Tar, Veratrain. Diphtheria: Sanguinaria. Discharges: Canada Balsam, Matico, Pareira, Salicine, Turpentine. Dropsy: Broom, Bryonia, Buckthorn, Buchu, Cajeput oil. Capsicum, Chi-maphila. Cimi...
-Index. Diseases. Part 3
Hospital Gangrene: Sanguinaria. Hydrocele: Digitalis. Hydrocyanic Acid Poisoning: Atropia. Hydrctiiohax: Digitalis, Elaterium. Hyperaemia: Belladonna, Digitalis, Hyoscyamus. Hypertrophy: Aconite,...
-Index. Diseases. Part 4
Poisoning, Antidotes to: By Alkaloids, Tannic Acid; by Irritants, Olive Oil; by Metallic Substances, Tannic Acid, White of Eggs; by Narcotics, Mustard, Lemon-juice; by Opium, Coffee, Mustard; by Phosp...







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