The Family

"The family in this experiment consisted of 30 students - 26 women and 4 men - ranging in age from 25 to 45 years. Considering the 4 men as equivalent to 5 women as regards food consumption, the family for six days was equivalent to 186 women for one day.

"The cost of the diet, 9.4 cents per woman per day, was just within the limit set, but the quantities of nutrients and energy (75 grams of protein and 2,243 calories) were somewhat smaller than was intended.

"The low cost of the diet in this experiment was made possible by the selection of simple and inexpensive food materials and by reducing the quantities of some foods commonly used rather abundantly, as meat and butter. Most of the students felt quite satisfied with the food. The curtailing of the amount of butter served at the table was considered the greatest deprivation; a small pat, about half the customary size, being served to each where butter is indicated with bread on the menu.

Economy And Nourishment

"The importance from the standpoint of economy of selecting foods which are nourishing rather than those having a low food value but which please the palate and add to the attractiveness of the diet, is illustrated by a dietary study made of a family in New Jersey in which it was found that $2:16 was expended in three weeks for oranges and $3 for celery, making a total of $5.16 for these two articles, which together furnished only 150 grams of protein and 6,445 calories of energy. During the same period $5.16 was also expended for cereal foods and sugars, which supplied 3,375 grams of protein and 184,185 calories of energy, or about twenty-five times the amount furnished by the oranges and celery. Of course, the sum expended for these articles was not excessive and they undoubtedly helped to make the diet palatable and pleasing, a by no means unimportant consideration, but it is evident that they were not economical sources of nutritive material.

Dainty Serving

"In the present investigation it was found to be well worth while to use special care in arranging the dishes for serving, that they might be as appetizing in appearance as possible. Much care was also observed in avoiding waste both by careful preparation and by the use of all 'left overs".

In the following table is given the details of cost, weight and nutritive value of the food used in this investigation.

Weights And Cost Of Food And Nutrients

Food consumed during the entire study (6 days).

Cost, nutrients, and fuel value per woman per day.

Kinds and amounts.

Cost.

Cost.

Protein.

Fat.

Carbohydrates.

Fuel value.

ANIMAL FOOD.

Dols.

Cts.

Cms.

Gms.

Gms.

Calories

Beef: Hearts, 11 lb., 38c; round. 10.5 lb., $1.05; rump, 101b., 80c.: shank, fore, 3 lb.; brisket (stew), 7.25 lb., 50c..............

2.73

1.5

15

19

...

229

Pork: Bacon, 2 lb., 30c; salt pork, 2 lb., 18c.; lard, 1 lb., 12c..

.60

.3

1

8

...

75

Fish: Cod, salt, 4 lb., 42c.; salm-

.82

.4

5

2

...

38

Eggs, 1 lb., 33c....................

.33

.2

...

Butter, 9 lb., 12.25................

2.25

1.2

19

...

169

Cheese, 2 lb., 30c..................

.30

.2

1

2

...

22

Milk, 210 lb. 82.70 ..............

2.70

1.4

17

20

26

350

Total animal food ..............

9.73

5.2

39

70

26

883

VEGETABLE FOOD.

Cereals: Corn meal, 101b., 29c; pop corn, 1 lb., 5c; hominy, 1.44 lb., 5c; oatmeal, 4.5 lb., 15c; rice, 4 lb., 28c; graham flour, 101b., 85c; white flour, 66 lb., $1.55; crackers, Boston, 0 75 lb., 4c.......................

2.66

1.4

27

4

178

858

Sugars, starches, etc.: Sugar, granulated, 20 lb., $1; molasses 2.331b., 36c; cornstarch, 0.33 lb., 2c; cocoa, 1 lb., 17c; chocolage, 0.12 lb, 5 c.............

1.60

.9

1

1

54

229

Vegetables: Beans, lima, 2 lb., 18c; beans, pea, 2.44 lb., 10c; beets, 1.25 lb., 4c; cabbage, 5 lb., 10c; carrots, 1.25 lb., 2c; celery, 2.06 lb., 10c; parsnips, 4.69 lb., 15c; peas, split, 1.69 lb., 13c; potatoes, 80 lb., $1.47; turnips, 5.15 lb. 7c..................

2.36

1.3

7

1

41

201

Fruits, nuts, etc.: Apricots, 1.5 lb., 17c; bananas, 7 lb., 30c; dates, 2 lb., 12c.; prunes, 2 lb., 18c; raisins,0.25 lb., 2c; peanuts, 2 lb., 25c; crab-apple jelly, 0.2 lb., 3c..................

1.07

.6

1

2

13

74

Total vegetable food.......

7.69

4.2

36

8

286

1,360

Total food...

17.42

9.4

75

78

312

2,243

Chart Of Composition Of Foods

Chart of Composition of Foods.

*Without bone.

Chart Of Pecuniary Economy Of Food

Chart of Pecuniary Economy of Food.

From Farmers' Bulletin, No. 142.