This section of the book is from the "Household Companion: The Family Doctor" book
As a rule, fresh fruits are wholesome. They promote the natural action of the bowels, and are refreshing and antiscorbutic. When the bowels are disordered, as in diarrhoea or dysentery (except when these result from scurvy ),they are not suitable.
All fruits are not equally digestible or desirable for persons of uncertain health. Peaches, apples, and oranges come the nearest to being good for everybody while in health; and oranges, as well as the finer and more delicate kinds of grapes, are often with advantage allowed to the sick. Many grapes have a tough pulp, which ought not to be swallowed; and the seeds never should be. They, and apple cores, and even cherry-stones, are often taken into the stomach, with no harm following. But they are not digestible, and now and then they collect together and cause obstruction. There is a queer little offset to the large intestine into which, in a few instances, an apple-seed or some such thing has found its way, producing an inflammation ending in death.
The least wholesome of our domestic kinds may be said to be the cherry, and, doubtful for all dyspeptics, also, pears; of foreign fruits, figs and pineapples. Prunes (partly dried plums), figs, and dates are especially laxative to the bowels.
Stewed fruits are far less uniformly digestible than the same eaten fresh, in season. Preserves ought to be ruled out of the diet of dyspeptics, and taken, as a rare indulgence, in small quantities only, by all. Lemonade, made with the juice of lemons (not citric acid of the drug-shop), is not only refreshing but beneficial to most persons in hot weather, and when sick with fever. But, in the last case, irritability of the stomach or bowels may sometimes prevent its use.
Canned fruits, put up with skill and care, may approach very nearly to fresh fruits in wholesomeness; but the skill and care actually used are often far from perfect. Moreover, of the different materials employed for keeping fruit or other food for a long time, the safest and best, undoubtedly, is glass.