As this occurs under a variety of circumstances, the main treatment of every case must depend upon its nature and cause. We may name, however, several remedies which will do good in most cases of nausea or vomiting, and which, therefore, it will be safe to use while awaiting medical advice.

Ice is one of these. It may be taken into the mouth in small pieces, and melted before swallowing. This is helpful in nine out of ten instances of sick stomach, and in the tenth case will do no harm.

Limb-water is beneficial in most of such cases; when nourishment is needed, it may be given in equal parts with milk, from a teaspoonful to a tablespoonful of each.

Effervescing waters (mineral-water, soda-water, Apollinaris, etc.), made cool with ice, very often assist in relieving nausea. When sea-sick, iced mineral-water will be likely to help more than anything else.

When weakness is present, teaspoonful doses of brandy or (the best) whiskey may be appropriate. The smallness of the dose is here especially important, and it need not often be repeated more than three or four times, at intervals of half an hour or so, unless great exhaustion is impending. Very seldom ought anything alcoholic to be ventured upon as a remedy without the express advice of a medical authority. Children's doses, of such and of all strong medicines should be very small Ten drops of brandy or whiskey will be enough at a time (if needed at all) for a child of two or three years, where a teaspoonful would be given to a grown or nearly grown person.

Aromatic Spirit of Ammonia is reviving to one who is faint with sickness of stomach. It is antacid as well as stimulant.

Soda (bicarbonate of sodium) is antacid, but not stimulant. It is generally very comfortable to a disturbed stomach.

Warming stomachic doses for nausea are ginger, cloves, cinnamon, and other aromatics (spicy articles) in small doses. Large draughts of ginger, hoarhound, chamomile, or boneset tea, or even of clove or cinnamon infusion, will bring on vomiting. This is an instructive example of the opposite effects, often produced by the same thing, in small and in large doses.

Sometimes, with constipation, or even, especially in summer, with commencing diarrhoea, small doses of magnesia are composing to the stomach. The same is true of very small doses of calomel (1/12 to 1/4 of a grain), which, however, belongs to the physician's rather than to the home list of medicines. Still, out in the country, where advice cannot always be had in time, a family medicine-chest may very well have in it, among other things only for posssible or occasional use, a small box or package of 1/12 grain calomel-powders. They may be serviceable particularly at an early stage of summer complaint in children.

Paregoric is the only other medicine needing here to be mentioned among those likely to assist in quieting a nauseated stomach.

Outside, an early remedy for vomiting may, in any case, safely be, a mustard-plaster over the pit of the stomach. For a young child, a spice-plaster will, for this purpose, be preferable; made by mixing together one or two teaspoonfuls each of several spices--as ginger, cloves, and cinnamon, or half as much red pepper, with a similar amount of wheat or Indian flour; wetting these with whiskey, and spreading them on a piece of muslin or thin flannel. This, when laid over the stomach, should be covered with a piece of oiled silk or oiled paper or rubber-cloth, to retain its moisture for a longer time.