Called also imperatoria sativa, pectoraria herba. It is the angelica archangelica Lin. Sp. Pi. 360. It is found by the sides of rivulets, on the mountains of Lapland, and is cultivated in gardens all over Europe; the best is said to be produced in Bohemia and Spain: but Linnaeus thinks that the best is that which grows on the mountains in northern countries. The roots are in the greatest perfection in the second spring; .they should be well dried and kept in a dry place, and frequently aired, or they grow mouldy, and are the prey of worms. The whole plant is used; and hath been so much esteemed as to have obtained the name of princeps alexipharmicorum. Some physicians think that the English angelica differs from the Spanish only in the latter having been long kept, by which the disagreeable flavour of the fresh root is lost. Though all the parts of this plant possess the same virtues in a great degree, yet the root is the strongest. It resembles zedoary as a medicine, but is milder, and a good carminative. Externally applied, it discusses inflammatory tumours in cold habits. By some authors it has been highly praised as a carminative, a stomachic, sudorific, and emmenagogue; and considered as a specific against some poisons and malignant fevers: in present practice it is seldom employed. In Lapland it is employed in coughs, and hoarseness. The stalks are roasted in hot ashes, and the flowers boiled in milk till they form a soft extract.

The seeds come nearest to the roots in medical virtue, but scarcely retain either their vegetative or medicinal power until the following spring. The leaves lose nearly all their virtue in drying. A strong water is obtained from either the leaves or seeds by distillation; but spirit of wine best extracts the oil in which the virtues of the dried roots reside.

The stalks and the roots are candied by the confectioners; and the stalks were formerly blanched and eaten as celery. In Norway the roots are sometimes made into bread.

All the species of angelica have similar virtues, chiefly differing in the degree, but the a. archangelica is the best. The wild sort, in use, is the angelica syl-vestris Lin. Sp. 361. See Levisticum.

Angelica pratensis apii folio. See Oreoseli-num. Also a name of the saxifraga anglica.

Angelica grana, a name of Dr. Anderson's pills.