(From crux, a cross). Shaped like a cross; a botanical term, expressing the shape of flowers in a particular state.


(From crudus, raw). Crudity. It is applied to unripe fruits, raw flesh, undigested substances, humours in the body in a state unprepared for expulsion, and to the excrements. See Crisis.


(From Crudus 2480cold, i. e. raw). Crude, undigested, unconcocted.

"Crudum, pavonem in balnea portas." Juvenal. Cruenta Sutura,(from cruor, blood).bloody suture; when the lips of a wound are brought together by means of a ligature made with a curved needle.


(From Crunion 2481 a torrent; from the violence of its operation). The name of a diuretic compound medicine described by AEtius.


Blood extravasated and congealed, (from Cruor 2482 cold). Sometimes it means the blood in general, and occasionally the venal only. Crupina. See Calcitrapa. Crura Clitoridis, (from crura, legs). See Clitoris.

Crura medullae oblongatae. The two largest legs, or roots, of the medulla oblongata, which proceed from the cerebrum. See Cerebrum.

Cruraeus Crureus

Or Cruralis, (from crus, a leg). The crureus, the vastus externus, and vastus intcrnus,may be considered as one muscle. (See Vastus internus). The crureus muscle covers almost all the fore side of the os femoris, between the two vasti. The tendons of the crureus rectus anterior, and of the two vasti, unite into one, and are inserted into the side of the patella, in the edge of the ligament

3U of that bone, and in the adjacent lateral part of the head of the tibia. They extend the leg.

Crurales Arteri

Ie,(from cms, a leg). Theb Crural Arteries.

The external iliac arteries pass out of the belly under the inguinal glands, and there take the name of crural: they run over the heads of each os femoris, turn under the crural vein,presently after passing out of the abdomen; here they are not covered with any muscles, but presently plunge betwixt the sartorius, vastus internus, and triceps muscles, and are covered by them all the way to the lower part of the thigh. A little above the internal condyle of the os femoris, they perforate the tendon of the triceps, and run to the posterior part of the thigh, down the ham, and there take the name of popliteae. In the course of these arteries, they give out the pudicae externae, and other branches, to the different muscles of the thigh.


(A currendo, from running, or rather from the Hebrew term crugh, to bend, as the knee). The Leg. It includes the whole of the lower extremities, from the os innominatum to the toes; viz. the thigh, leg, and foot. It sometimes signifies only the thigh, and is occasionally confined to that part between the knee and ancle.


(From the Hebrew term chresh). The shell of a lobster, crab, cray fish, prawn, or shrimp; also the name of a scab, scurf,or eschar, upon a diseased part: sometimes a crust or cream which coagulates on the superficies of any liquor, as on blood and urine, or upon fermentable liquors during one stage of their fermentation.

Crusta lactea. See Achoh.