(From frumentum, wheat). A term applied to all such plants as resemble wheat in their fruit, leaves or ears.


(Quasi frugamentum, from fruges, fruit). Corn. It is spontaneous in many climates, but industry has meliorated it in all. It is a species of grass in its primitive state, whose seed is improved by culture. A name also of wheat. See Triticum.

Frumentum corruptum. See Brasium.

FrUme Ntum Indicum, Frumentlm Turcicum.

See Mays.

Frumentum saracenicum. See Fagopyrum.

Frusta Neus

(From frustra, in vain). Botani-cally applied, it means having the parts of fructification neutral or infertile.


(A ferendo fructum,from bearing fruit). A shrub. It is a plant with many woody perennial trunks, such as roses, or seringas. Linnaeus makes the distinction of a shrub from a tree to consist in its having no buds, though trees have often no buds in hot climates; and he acknowledges that nature has placed no limits between them. The word is generally used by gardeners for all woody plants of low growth.

Frutex baccifer Brasiliensis. See Caaghtyuyo.

Frutex Ixdicus baccifer. See Belilia.

Frutex Indicus spixosus. See Cara schulli.

Frutex odoratus septentirionalium. See Myr-tus Brabantica.

Frutex pavonixus. See Poinciana.

Frutex See Alypia.


(From frutex, a shrub). Fruti-cose. Plants which are of a woody substance.


Ldes, (from fucus, and Fuco 3822 likeness). A species of an aquatic plant, of a middle nature betwixt conserva and fucus. It is often finely divided, of a more tender substance than the fucus, and not distinguished by nodes and joints like the conserva or co-rallina.


(From Fucus 3823 from fuka, Hebrew, antimony; so called because, like antimony, it was used in painting the cheeks). A species of plant growing in the sea, whose leaves and stalks are of various figures. It is generally of a viscid and coriaceous substance, and furnished with vesicles on both sides, which admit o air being separated to assist its floating. Its extremities are often set with tubercles, which have been supposed to be its fructification. Those used in medicine are, 1. Alga marina latifolia vulg. Fucus vesiculosus Lin. Sp. Pl. 1626. (See Quercus marina.) 2. Lactuca marina; ulva marina Lin. Sp. Pl. 1632; which is of the same use as the alga.

Fucus esculentus. The tangle of Scotland, an edible crisp, but not a very nutritious, marine plant.

Fucus maritimus. See Kali.

Fucus marinus. See Alga.

Fuga Daemonum

(because it was thought to drive away evil spirits). See Hypericum.


(From fugax, speedy). In botany it is applied to the petals, and means of very short continuance.


(From fulcrum, a prop,) propped; applied botanically to a branch, descending to the ground, and supporting the stem.