Garcinia mangostana Lin. Sp. Pl. 635. A tree which has been transplanted from the Molucca islands to Java, and at Batavia is admired as an ornament in gardens. It resembles the citron tree, has a straight trunk, an equal and regular head, and rises from eighteen to twenty feet in height. The mangostan, in the works of modern naturalists, is of the natural order guitifera, as some of the species afford a gummy resin, resembling, in appearance and power, the gutta gamba. The fruit is equally pleasing to the smell and taste. The odour resembles that of the strawberry: the flavour is said to unite the sweetness of the cherry, the orange, and the grape. The mangostans are wholesome, refreshing, and never produce any inconvenience. Dr. Solander, who was at the point of death from a putrid fever at Batavia, found them so refreshing, that he attributed his recovery to them. The fruit itself is laxative, the bark styptic and astringent. The decoction of the bark is given in dysenteries, and employed as a gargle in aphthae. The Chinese employ the bark in their black dye. The only other species of the system of nature affords a much more acid and less grateful fruit; and, indeed, it seems a variety only. To this genus Gaertner has referred the gambogia gutta of Linnaeus; but on this subject we have already spoken; and Lamarck has added two other species.