In regard to the West Indies, Bryce's prediction was untrue, in that he stated that the necessity for excluding their products would exclude the Islands. He failed to realize that there could be tariff barriers between the American democracy and any territories belonging to it. That was a feature of our Constitution he did not understand. So the acquisition of Porto Rico as foreign territory was undreamed of. He could not conceive of the fact that the Constitution enables the United States to acquire territory which must be governed by the President, through the Army, until Congress provides for it, and that there is absolutely no check upon Congress, which can provide in any way it sees fit. The plunge has been taken. The system is successful. It does not injure us because it is commensalism for the good of both the United States and Porto Rico. This will be the rule in regard to every country south of us. When our mutual interests demand it, they will ask us to take charge and we will do it, and in each case invent the machinery by means of which we will make them all prosper at the same time benefiting ourselves. Aryan brains will make all of tropical America flourish, just as they made Egypt flourish. If our present system in Porto Rico proves injurious to either side it must be modified, or both will suffer.

*"One finds in the United States, and of course, especially in Arizona, New Mexico and Texas, many people who declare that Mexico will be swallowed, first the northern provinces, and the whole in time. It is manifest destiny, and the land and mining-claim speculators of these border lands would be glad to help Destiny. But the general feeling of the nation is strongly against a forward policy, nor has either party any such interest in promoting it as the Southern slave dealers had in bringing in Texas forty-five years ago. It cannot, therefore, be called a question of practical politics. Yet it is a problem which already deserves consideration, for the future in which it may become practical, is not distant. It is a disquieting problem. The clearest judgment and the firmest will of a nation and its statesmen cannot always resist the drift of events and the working of natural causes".

Bryce correctly forecasted the fate of the Hawaiian kingdom. He explained why our safety would not permit any control by a European power, and yet he saw the unfitness of the native rule and predicted the alternative of an independent republic or annexation to the United States, both of which came true within nine years. Perhaps his prediction brought it about sooner by stiffening the backbones of the Americans in the Islands.

As to the extreme of South America, he strikes the modern scientific law. ". . . Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia, for which the Spaniards have done so little, and which can hardly remain forever neglected, will one day become far closer with the United States than with any European power." The future, then, of all America from Cape Horn to the North Pole, is to be one huge organism, composed of separate organs all living a commensal existence, mutually dependent upon each other, the brain being located in the colder parts of the United States.

Mexico may not be taken up piecemeal, as Bryce suggested, but assisted by us to remain a separate organism, beneficial to us. Natural law has taken this course in Egypt, Malta and wherever Anglo-Saxons have gone. All of the West Indians and Latin Republics may exist for a long time, autonomous, but they will demand our help to make them prosperous. They will be wholly dependent upon the advice of our agents and ministers, even if it be controlling advice, backed by American troops. No South American republic need ever dread the possibility of losing its life, as they will all be given a new lease of life, for they are dying as republics, if not already dead - but the new life will be something better. If they want it, they can become citizens of the United States - and every one of them capable of it will be given a vote - even if they call themselves citizens of the local State just as we call ourselves citizens of our local sovereign States.