Dates given are approximate, and are those of the first clear manifestations. Symptoms always showed themselves earlier. Influences persisted till the advent of the succeeding movement, often blending therewith.

ENGLAND

FRANCE

ITALY

SPAIN-PORTUGAL

RENAISSANCE

Henry VIII (1609-47) introduced the new style, mainly Renaissance ornament grafted on Gothic forms. Elisabethan period 1568-1603.

Inigo Jones, Palladian influence, 1619.

Introduced by Francois I (1616-47). Strongly Gothic till reign of Henri II (1547-59), when Clasaio influences prevailed.

Renaissance began in decoration first half fifteenth century. Its influence spread throughout civilised Europe.

Began toward end of fifteenth century. Strongly impregnated with Moorish elements.

BAROQUE

Interior architecture re-remained Clastic with some Baroque features. Furniture Baroque from Restoration (1660).

(The strongly Dutch furniture of Queen Anne-Early Georgian, and Chippendale derivations from it, form a rather separate group.)

HenriIV(1689-1610). Baroque exhibited its boldest forms in that reign and that of Louis XIII (1610-43).

Under Louis XIV (1643-1715), Classic influences re-asserted themselves. France then became the dominating decorative influence in Europe and so remained.

Vigorous symptoms about the middle of sixteenth century.

Culmination under Bernini.

Fully established about beginning of the seven-

teenth century and attained some of its most exaggerated forms in these countries. Many furniture forms usually designated as William and Mary and Queen Anne really had their inception in Portugal, due primarily to Oriental agenciesarising from trade with the East.

ROCOCO (Properly to be)

In England only Chip-pendale's "French' pieces and a few of other designers.

Interior architecture. Classic.

The Regency (transitional) 1715-23. Louis XV (1715-74).

Exterior architecture. Classic.

Interiors and furniture. Rococo.

Simultaneous with France. Architecture occasionally disturbed and distorted into Rococo forms. Italy lost initiative in furniture design and chiefly copied forms of French provenance.

Furniture mainly derived from French forms and often carried to excess.

NE0-CLASSIC

Brothers Adam, principal exponents, established December, 1761.

Hepplewhite (17-----

'86).

Sheraton (1760-1806). Chippendale's more Classic pieces. Shearer.

"English Empire" reflection of Napoleonic influence. Decadence of Sheraton.

In the United States "American Empire'* marked by some individual characteristics. Best exponent, Duncan Phyfe.

Louis XVI (1774-1793). Architecture, exterior and interior, and furniture all consistently Classic.

National Convention (1792-95).

Directory (1795-99).

Empire style - Napoleon 1st Consul, 1799. NapoleonEmperor, 1804.

Italy responded readily to Neo-Classic influences and developed forms analogous to those of England and France, but giving distinctly original interpretation and often originating peculiarly local forms.

Directory and Empire furniture of France closely reflected.

Resumed Classic furniture forms, deriving inspiration chiefly from French types.

Directory and Empire furniture of France closely reflected.