Blue and the greens which contain but the normal proportion of yellow are retiring and are cool.

All shades of yellow and of red, except those largely neutralised by the admixture of other colours or o black or of white, ate advancing and are warm in tone.

Suppose, then, we place in a room with neutral background rugs of a soft green and hang portieres of the same in the doorway. So far, we shall have a room which is quiet, cool and restful. We shall also find that it lacks life, and in continual occupancy would prove somewhat depressing in its influence over mind and body.

If the reader will refer to Plate 59 he will find a room in which the rugs and portieres are of just this character, but into which have been imported a few touches of rose. The depression has gone; the quiet remains; the room is now livable and "human.'* These few touches of rose have done the work.

Furthermore, although these touches are few and although rose is but a modified red, it will be found that the rose is more noticeable than the green.

If yellow and blue had been used instead of rose and green the result in these respects would have been much the same. In other,words yellow, orange and red are dominant over green and blue and such quiet shades as tans, brown and greys.

Shades of yellow and of red, and their combination orange being dominant, if we choose any one of these shades and carry it by the use of various objects.and furnishings throughout the various rooms we shall have unity.

We may use then, with the above, other and quieter colours alone or in combination in the different rooms and we shall have variety.

Let us take a concrete example.

The illustration (Plate 59) was painted directly from an actual bedroom in an apartment. How shall unity and variety be carried through the remaining rooms? Let us take up each in detail.

Reception Room.* Such a room may well be characterised by greater elegance than a bedroom and yet should preserve an inviting and companionable atmosphere rather than the formal frigidity often experienced. Rose having been selected as the dominant (though one of the others might have been chosen as well) it must also be used here, and as it possesses both the qualities of elegance and humanity it may be used in considerable quantity. We shall need ample relieving surface, so that it would be well to employ a panelling in ivory-white or else a handsome paper of the same general tone, striped or brocaded in the surfacing and not in another colour. The bedroom shown in the illustration was afterward papered in this tone and two rooms so carried out would thus harmonise as to the wall effect.

* Conditions of living are changing rapidly, and in apartments and new small houses it is a little difficult to decide upon the best name for what is properly a very small drawing-room and furnished as such. That term is a trifle pretentious for a room of that size, but living-room is scarcely sufficiently elegant, and there is often a living-room in addition. As the room discussed is primarily for the reception of friends, reception-room seems as appropriate a name as any.

"We should also have ample relieving space in plain or approximately plain colour. Indeed, in choosing for an example the apartment, or the equivalent house with small rooms, the writers have consciously chosen the most difficult subject with which to deaL The difficulty lies in the fact that one of our most beautiful decorative resources is the rug and fabric of blended colouring, but as these cut up and crowd in effect the small room we must forbid ourselves the use of these in such instances or choose them with great discretion. As we shall have much colour in this room before we have finished, it would be wise to choose one rug, largely covering the floor, of plain warm grey, or in two tones of that colour closely approaching each other and in small and simple pattern, or plain with a deeper border. The portieres had also better be of rather solid color - a rose velvet, a brocade of unobtrusive pattern or the less expensive rep of irregular weave. On the chair-coverings we may let ourselves go considerably. For these we may select preferably perhaps some such material as the stripe shown in the chart or a blend of various colourings in which rose shall be dominant This fabric might be of cream, rose and blue stripe, not too wide in pattern, or of tapestry, or petit point, again not so large in design as to be out of scale with the room or the surfaces covered. If there is a sofa or settee it would naturally have the same covering as the chairs, but if there is a large couch instead it would be better to use a plain material such as Burgundy rose velour and again let ourselves go with an abundance of varied but harmonious cushions. A chart of this colour-scheme is given in Plate 60, but it must be remembered that in all these charts the samples of textiles are necessarily much out of proportion to the large surfaces of walls and floors.

The lamp had better be of vase shape in grey pottery, or mottled rose, or solid black with a reflecting surface, or of Chinese porcelain, and the shade in rose silk. The black bowl is exceedingly effective and the rose of the shade reflects in its upper curves.

In any room relief may be secured, where necessary, in the smaller objects, and this relief may be either in the direction of greater neutrality or more colour. Such an article as a vase of ivory-white or grey porcelain or pottery would give the former, a handsomely tooled binding in blue, a colourful brocade or Chinese textile or embroidery under the lamp would aid in supplying the latter. The gold or silver tones of candlesticks, etc., add richness and variety.

It will have been understood from the above description that there is not only no intention of confining the readers to the materials shown in the charts but that they may go far afield in choice provided the general colour-scheme and proportions be kept. And this is true of tone as well as of fabric, for it may be considerably altered so that harmony is preserved, and the shade of one fabric may well be lighter or darker than that of another. The same effect may also be carried out in very inexpensive materials.