In an old Dutch Colonial house, the roof of which descended to the hillside upon which it was built, the interior walls bore both the tooth and tone of time. Its purchasers, with enlightened common-sense, wished to preserve its genuine antiquity and yet secure freshness; they whitewashed the walls (using the Lighthouse Mixture† which does not rub off) and when they had hung simple white curtains and introduced their fine old mahogany furniture, the result was all that could be desired.

* For plaster and parge treatments the reader is also referred to Part I, Chapter I (The Basis Of Successful Decoration The Interior As A Whole).

† The Government formula for this mixture is: Slake a half bushel of lime with boiling water, cover during the process to keep in steam. Strain the liquid through a fine sieve or strainer and add to it a peck of salt, previously dissolved in warm water, three pounds of ground rice boiled to a thin paste and stirred in while hot, half a pound of Spanish whiting and one pound of clear glue, previously dissolved by soaking in cold water, and unen hanging over a slow fire in a small pot hung in a larger one filled with water. Add five gallons of hot water to the mixture, stir well and let it stand a few days, covered from dirt. To be applied hot.

Walls so done, or painted in oil colours, or with some of the numerous advertised preparations, naturally possess much of the same character as those treated in the previous section - there is a simplicity and bigness about them all As compared with papered walls, soon to be considered, each has its own advantages. The painted wall is more sanatory than the papered wall, particularly when many layers of paper are allowed to accumulate without scraping. With paint any desired tone may readily be mixed, whereas the precise shade desired may not always be obtained in paper. Paint demands walls in perfect condition and properly prepared: paper is not so exigent and is readily applied.

That the simply painted wall possesses great charm in combination with appropriate, well-placed pictures and attractive furniture, is shown by the man's living-room illustrated (Plate 70 A).