Fig. 196. - Wardrobe with Straight Ends.
The plinth may also be made separately, but it will occur to any one that it will entail less work if formed like the cornice. Screws are used to fasten the two main portions of the wardrobes together.
Fig. 197 represents a popular form of wardrobe known as the 'Beaconsfield.' On the left-hand side it has a hanging cupboard enclosed by door with glass panel; on the other are drawers below and a small cupboard above. In this may be either sliding trays or fixed shelves. Immediately above the plinth is a long drawer. Such a wardrobe may be made in three or two carcases according to size. If made without the long drawer at the bottom, two will be sufficient.
Fig. 197. - Beaconsfield' Wardrobe
The ordinary form of three-door wardrobe is shown in Fig. 198. Two-thirds of the inside space, that is, a portion enclosed by two doors, is usually occupied with drawers below and sliding trays above, the remaining portion being a hanging compartment. As this form of wardrobe may almost be said to be the standard, a little more space may be devoted to it and its fittings than has been to the others. Of course any of the fittings, when circumstances allow, can be modified to suit to any of the wardrobes of smaller size or different shape. The three carcases in which such a wardrobe is made are sufficiently shown in Fig. 199. The lower left-hand one is practically a plain chest of drawers without the ornamental adjuncts of plinth, finished top, etc, and if the doors are hinged to cover the ends the drawers run against these. As has been stated, in such constructions as this the top and bottom of the carcase should be a trifle longer at the back than in the front in order that the drawers may run easily. The carcase above the drawers contains the sliding trays. These are in reality nothing but a modified form of drawer, being comparatively shallow, and usually having the front much narrower than the back and sides. They may also be compared to sliding shelves, with a rim round them to prevent things falling off. Necessarily from their formation a different arrangement from that of drawers is necessary for the carcase arrangements for fitting them in, bearers, runners, and guides being dispensed with, or rather they take a different form. The trays may simply rest on ledges fixed to the carcase ends, but in this case there is the obvious disadvantage that there is nothing to prevent them tipping up when partly drawn out. This mishap may be obviated by ploughing a groove in each tray side, and fixing a slip of wood to correspond into the carcase ends, as shown in Fig. 192. The strips are best secured with screws, the heads of which should be well sunk. The groove in the tray sides may come right through to the front, but this being fastened with the lap-dovetail joint, it will look better to stop them short just behind the tray front. Additional strips may if desired be fastened on the ends for the bottom edges of the trays to run on, but as a rule they are not necessary.
Fig. 198. - Six - ft. Wardrobe.
Fig. 199. - Interior of Three-door Wardrobe.
Another method of securing the trays, but a somewhat clumsy one, is to fasten strips above as well as below them. Its chief merit is simplicity.
The fittings of the right hand or hanging compartment vary considerably, according to the ideas of the maker or of the user of the wardrobe. Hooks, of course, to hang things on are naturally essential, and may be looked upon as the principal fittings, to which the others are subordinate. Special wardrobe hooks are among the articles made and sold by the cabinet brass-founder. They are usually fastened, not direct on to the ends and back of the carcase, but to rails, which are then screwed on. These afford support for a shelf to be laid on them if one is considered desirable, and in this case they must be fixed sufficiently low down to allow the required space above.
Instead of the hooks being on fixed rails, they may be fastened on to the insides of a sliding frame. The advantage of this is that in a large compartment a fourth row of hooks may be used instead of only three, as there is now a front rail available. The frame is made like a drawer or sliding tray, but of course has no bottom.
Instead of, or in addition to, the ordinary hooks, a cluster of revolving hooks may be hung from the top, but these are not often used.
Another method, and often a very convenient one, as by it great economy of space is secured, is by brass rods from side to side, and having sliding hooks on them. These hooks are very much like those often used to hang pictures to rods with, but are lighter, especially on the hook portion below the ring.
Very often at the bottom of a hanging compartment is a deep covered - in receptacle, commonly known as a bonnet-box or drawer, according to its formation. The maker must use his discretion whether there is sufficient space left for hanging purposes if both shelf at top and drawer below are fitted. It may be observed that it is comparatively seldom that both are required.
When a drawer is made it is only necessary to say that it must be sufficiently deep, and that immediately above it and covering it is a shelf or top fitted into the carcase ends. From their size such drawers are somewhat unwieldy, and it is no uncommon thing to find them dispensed with in favour of a fall - down front. This is simply a door hinged to the bottom of the carcase, and fastening by a lock or spring bolt into the shelf above. To prevent its casting, such a front should be either framed and panelled or clamped at the ends, this latter being the more ordinary form.