Another method is to fasten the front in, and have a sliding tray above it to give access to the interior.
A variety of large wardrobe (6 ft.) precisely similar in external appearance to the one last described is somewhat differently fitted inside, though it also has drawers and trays. These, however, are short, the wardrobe being formed of three upright carcases, two of which, generally those at the ends, are hanging, and the other contains the drawers and trays.
Many fancy forms of wardrobes have been made, especially of late years, but the essential differences of construction are principally in design, however much they may vary in shape and general arrangement. It may be said that the insides of hanging compartments of wardrobes are generally lined with striped and glazed lining, so that the objectionable ochre colouring so often put on by London trade makers who sell principally 'in the white' or in an unfinished state should be omitted, as otherwise it must be washed off before lining. In superior wardrobes the covering of the glass behind is usually framed and panelled, but in the commoner kinds thin wood, either running from top to bottom, or if the size is considerable with a munting across, is generally deemed sufficient.
Toilet or dressing-tables and washstands are, so far as the lower parts are concerned, almost identical, the differences being more modifications of design than anything else. In general construction they are similar to ordinary leg-tables. Unless in very small or common cheap toilets - as both washstand and dressing-table are commonly spoken of when both are referred to - it is usual to connect the end pairs of legs, and fix a board or shelf to the rails. As a double washstand - though this is not a recognised designation among cabinetmakers - may be wanted by many readers, it may be well to say that 4 ft. is usually looked upon as what is generally considered as such, though of course larger sizes are frequently met with. An ordinary full-sized suite may be said to consist of 6-ft. wardrobe, 4-ft. toilet-table and 4-ft. washstand, pedestal cupboard, towel-rail, and three chairs. The size is taken across the front, and the width of a 4-ft. top may be about 2 ft. The usual height is about 2 ft. 6 ins.
Fig. 200. - Toilet Table with Glass.
The dressing-table is now almost invariably made with the glass attached, instead of, as it used to be, a separate article. As is no doubt well known, the glass frame is so hung on standards that it can be swung to any desired angle and fixed there. Fig. 200 represents a 4-ft. toilet-table of ordinary construction, with jewel drawers and glass attached. After what has been said about tables, no remarks about the lower part can be necessary. The jewel drawers and the cases containing them are of very simple construction, the ends being connected with lap dovetailed top and bottom of pine. Below the bottom is a lining with moulded edge, mitred at the corners, while the outer top is screwed on from the inside. The bearer between the two drawers may be of narrow stuff as usual, but as the size of these parts is so small it may as well extend as far back as necessary, so that side runners are not required. The standards supporting the glass are turned columns left square to a short distance above the jewel boxes, at the corners of which they are let in and must be firmly secured. The small bracket gives a finish, and forms a ledge to the top of the box.
Another form of support to the glass is shown in Fig. 201, where it will be seen that the turned column has been replaced by a shaped bracket, and the single drawer on each side by two. This may either be screwed on to the top of the box or be a continuation of the back.
It must not be understood that the drawers, etc, on a dressing-table back are always of the same arrangement, for there is considerable variety. To describe and illustrate even those which are most commonly met with is impossible here, but among them may be suggested - one drawer instead of two on each side; drawer or drawers raised above the top, leaving a space beneath; drawers with shelf above, small cupboards, etc.
The glass frame hardly requires remarks beyond saying that a simple and easy way of constructing it is to make a pine frame of sufficient width and thickness, and face the front to form a rabbet within which the glass lies. A pine frame, which, of course, is not to be compared with one made solid, should have the outer edges veneered or faced, and can only be recommended for cheap work. The top moulding which is shown is merely an ornamental detail, and may be either fixed on the face of the top of the frame, which at that part must therefore be wider than elsewhere, or be screwed on the top edge. In either case the return on the ends should be mitred at the corners. Like the moulding, the pediment above it is merely ornamental, and not only in dressing-tables but in other furniture is useful as a means of finishing top edges less abruptly than when straight lines alone are used. Being above the eye it can be screwed on from the top edge.
Fig. 201. - Toilet Table, with Brackets supporting Glass.
The position of the glass movements by which the frame is connected with standards is of some importance. The best plan in ordinary circumstances is to fix them so that the frame is fairly balanced, with if anything a slight excess of weight below them.
Dressing-chests are merely chests of drawers usually about the same height as tables; and, therefore seldom containing more than two long and two short drawers, as in Fig. 202. For small toilets, especially where jewel drawers on each side could not be placed without either making them unreasonably little or unduly curtailing the size of the glass, it will be found very convenient to have one long drawer along the top and under the glass.