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It is well to select small articles for Christmas gifts, if you are going to make a lot of them. Make articles that will require little time and material. Then the work will not become tiresome nor be expensive. The articles illustrated in this chapter have been selected with these points in view.

Much of the

Material to be found in a carpenter's waste pile is good stuff, too small perhaps for him to bother with, but large enough for your purpose. Go to the nearest carpenter shop and see what you can get. A friendly sort of carpenter will give you his wood scraps, and sell you such larger pieces as you may need. White pine, whitewood, basswood, cypress and oak are easy to work. Most of the articles illustrated on the following pages were made of oak.

A Stain and Wax Finish is prettiest for small articles. Stains in a variety of colors can be purchased in small quantities at the paint store, and prepared wax can be obtained there, also. Complete instructions for applying wood stains accompany them.

Before finishing the wood, all surfaces must be free from saw, chisel and other tool marks, and they must be carefully sandpapered to remove rough places and to make the surfaces smooth.

The Calendar-Board and Pen-Rack shown in Fig. 70, is made of two pieces of wood, an upright piece (Fig. 76), and a base block (Fig. 77). In order to turn out good work, it is necessary to be careful from start to finish. Therefore, to begin with, mark out the pieces accurately. Where you have a piece like the upright of the calendar-board to mark out, with opposite sides alike, it is best to draw a center-line, first, then lay off the measurements each side of this line, and connect the points with straight lines; or, lay off the measurements on one side of the center-line, draw the lines connecting the points, make a careful tracing of the outline, reverse the tracing, and trace it off upon the opposite side of the center-line.

In sawing out the pieces, cut a trifle outside of the outline, then finish up to the line with a plane. The round corners

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Fig. 76. - Upright of Calendar-Board and Pen-Rack Shown in Fig. 70, and End-Pieces of Post-Card Rack shown in Fig. 71

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Fig. 77. - Base of Calendar-Board and Pen-Rack

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Fig. 70. - Calendar-Board and Pen-Rack.

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Fig. 71.- Post-Card Rack.

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Fig. 72.- Book-Ends.

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Fig. 73.- Candle-Stick.

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Fig. 74. - Match-Holder and Tray.

of the upright piece of the calendar-board can either be cut with a chisel or be filed round. The bevel on the top edge of the base block can be made with a plane or chisel. Center the upright piece on the base block, and fasten with brads driven through the, base block.

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The calendar-pad should be 2 inches wide and 3 1/2 inches long, a standard size that can be purchased at two for five cents at stationery stores. The brass screw-hooks which screw into the front edge of the base block, to form the pen-rack, should be 3/4 inch long. The wood should be stained and waxed before the pad and the hooks are attached. A strip of light-weight felt, broadcloth, or other

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Fig. 78. - Base of Post-Card Rack

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Fig. 79. - Parts of the Book-Ends Shown in

Fig. 72 heavy cloth, glued to the bottom of the base, to prevent the base from scratching surfaces it is stood upon, will complete the gift.

The Post-Card Rack, shown in Fig. 71, has a pair of ends of the same shape and size as the upright of the calendar-board (Fig. 76), but its base is shorter and wider than the calendar-board base. The base is shown in Fig. 78. It is fastened between the end pieces.