Paragraph 22. The process of toe-nailing is quite frequently used, particularly in rough construction work, where one piece of material joins another with a butt joint. This process does not occur very frequently in shop work, however you should be familiar with it, for it is often used in general repair work. One piece of material should be made to fit perfectly against the other piece with a straight butt joint, and should be held in position while the nails are driven at an angle, as shown in Figure 38. If you are working with very hard wood, it is sometimes necessary to use a bradawl and make a small hole in which to start the nail.
In fine work, where you should be particular not to bruise the material with your hammer, it is necessary to finish driving your nail with a nail set. The illustration shows one nail which has been driven and set; a second one ready for the set, and a third one in the process of driving. This one, which is only partly driven, will give you an idea of the angle at which the nail should be driven.
In house construction the studding are toe-nailed to the wall-plate, as illustrated in this cut.