(1) Hold the brush as in Fig. 124. (2) Dip the end of the brush in the liquid to about one-third the length of the bristles. (3) Wipe off the surplus liquid on the edge of the can wiping both sides of the brush no more than is necessary to keep the liquid from dripping. A wire stretched across the can as in Fig. 125 provides a better wiping place for the dripping brush. In wiping the brush on the edge of the can, some of the liquid is likely to "run" down the outside. (4) Using the end of the brush, apply the liquid near one end of the surface to be covered. (5) "Brush" in the direction of the grain. (6) Work towards and out over the end of the board, leveling the liquid to a smooth film of uniform thinness. The strokes should be "feathered," that is, the brush should be lowered gradually at the beginning of the sweep and raised gradually at the close, otherwise, ugly "laps"

Fig. 124. Position of Hand on Brush

Fig. 124. Position of Hand on Brush.

Fig. 125. Cleaning Wire

Fig. 125. Cleaning Wire.

will result. The reason for working out over the ends rather than from them will appear with a little thought. (7) Now work toward the second end. The arrows, Fig. 126, show the general directions of the final or feathering strokes.

Edges are usually covered first and adjoining surfaces afterward.

It frequently happens that surplus liquid runs over a finished surface, especially when working near the arrises. This surplus can be "picked up " by wiping the brush upon the wire of the bucket until the bristles are quite free of liquid, and giving the part affected a feathering sweep. If the object has an internal corner, work from that out over the neighboring surfaces.

Panels and sunk places should be covered first. Afterward, the raised places, such as stiles, rails, etc., may be attended to. Wherever possible the work should be laid flat so that the liquid may be flowed on horizontally. This is of especial advantage in varnishing. Vertical work should always be begun at the top and carried downward.

Fig. 126. Direction of Feathering Strokes

Fig. 126. Direction of Feathering Strokes.

Fig. 127. Tracing

Fig. 127. Tracing.

Tracing consists in working a liquid up to a given line but not over it, such as painting the sash of a window. Tracing requires a steady hand and some practice. A small brush is generally used and the stroke is made as nearly continuous as the flow of the liquid will allow Fig. 127.