POPLAR (Populus). There are five species common to England, of which the Abele, or great white poplar, and the Lombardy poplar are the most used. The woods are soft, light, easy to work, suited to carving, common turnery and works not exposed to much wear; the woods of poplar trees are sometimes used in temporary railway works, but not for the ordinary purposes of timber. It is considered to be very durable when kept dry, and it does not readily take fire. The bark of the white poplar is almost as light as cork, and is used by the fisherman to support his nets.

The wooden polishing wheels of the glass-grinder are made out of horizontal slices of the entire stem, about one inch thick, as from its softness it readily imbibes the polishing materials.

The wood of the Abele, or white poplar, is also commonly known as Aps; it is extensively used for toys and common turnery, and is frequently of a uniform reddish colour, like red deal, but with very small veins.

Populus alba is the white poplar or Abele, P. canescens the gray or common white, P. tremula is the aspen, and P. pyramidalis or fastigiata, the Lombardy poplar. There are other species in North America and the Himalayas.