A very convenient way of indicating stenographic forms, is by the use of Stenotypy, a method exhibited in the following rules and illustrations:
1. The stems Chay, Ith, The, Ish, Zhe and Ing, which cannot oe represented in the English language by single letters, are indicated in Stenotypy by the Roman letters Ch, Th, Dh, Sh, Zh, and Ng, respectively. All other stems, except upstrokes, are indicated by Roman capitals.
2. The upstrokes Lay, Ray, and Shay, are indicated by the Italic letters R, L and Sh, respectively.
4. The ticks, which are named, from the stems they resemble, the P-tick, T-tick, etc., are indicated by small Italic letters corresponding with such stems. The semi-circles are indicated by the small Italic letters w and j/, and prefixes and affixes are also shown by small Italics.
5. A hyphen shows that the stems between which it occurs should be written very near each other, but unconnected.
6. A dot (.) indicates that the proper vowel should be inserted.
7. A cross (+) indicates that the stems should be intersected.
8. A superior figure indicates the position of the stem after which it is placed. Where no figure is given, the word should be written in the second position.
(See Exercises, page 115.)