books

previous page: Sex And Dreams - The Language Of Dreams | by William Stekel
  
page up: Dreams Books
  
next page: The Meaning Of Dreams | by Isador H. Coriat

The Interpretation Of Dreams | by Sigmund Freud



In attempting a discussion of the Interpretation of Dreams, I do not believe that I have overstepped the bounds of neuro-pathological interest. For, on psychological investigation, the dream proves to be the first link in a chain of abnormal psychic structures whose other links, the hysterical phobia, the obsession, and the delusion must, for practical reasons, claim the interest of the physician. The dream (as will appear) can lay no claim to a corresponding practical significance; its theoretical value as a paradigm is, however, all the greater, and one who cannot explain the origin of the dream pictures will strive in vain to understand the phobias, obsessive and delusional ideas, and likewise their therapeutic importance.

TitleThe Interpretation Of Dreams
AuthorSigmund Freud
PublisherThe Macmillan Company
Year1913
Copyright1913, The Macmillan Company
AmazonThe Interpretation of Dreams

Prof. Dr. Sigmund Freud, LL.D.

Authorised Translation Op Third Edition With Introduction by A. A. BRILL, Ph.B., M.D., Chief of the neurological department of the bronx hospital and dispensary clinical assistant in neurlogy and psychiatry, and columbia university former assistant physician in the central islip statr hospital and in the clinic of psychiatry, Zurich

"Flectere si nequco swperos, Acheronta movebo"

Hand, inseparably connected with my own dreams was the circumstance that I was obliged to expose more of the intimacies of my psychic life than I should like and than generally falls to the task of an author who is not a poet but an investigator of nature. This was painful, but unavoidable; I had to put up with the inevitable in order not to be obliged to forego altogether the demonstration of the truth of my psychological results. To be sure, I could not at best resist the temptation of disguising some of my indiscretions through omissions and substitutions, and as often as this happened it detracted materially from the value of the examples which I employed. I can only express the hope that the reader of this work, putting himself in my difficult position, will show forbearance, and also that all persons who are inclined to take offence at any of the dreams reported will concede freedom of thought at least to the dream life.

-Introductory Remarks
In attempting a discussion of the Interpretation of Dreams, I do not believe that I have overstepped the bounds of neuro-pathological interest. For, on psychological investigation, the dream proves to...
-Preface To The Second Edition
If there has arisen a demand for a second edition of this rather difficult book before the end of the first decade, I owe no gratitude to the interest of the professional circles to whom I appealed in...
-Preface To The Third Edition
Whereas a period of nine years elapsed between the first and second editions of this book, the need for a third edition has appeared after little more than a year. I have reason to be pleased with thi...
-Translator's Preface
SINOE the appearance of the author's Selected Papers on Hysteria and other Psychoneuroses, and Three Contributions to the Sexual Theory,* much has been said and written about Freud's works. Some of ou...
-I. The Scientific Literature On The Problems Of The Dream
In the following pages I shall prove that there exists a psychological technique by which dreams may bo interpreted, and that upon the application of this method every dream will show itself to be a s...
-(A) The Relation Of The Dream To The Waking State
The naive judgment of a person on awakening assumes that the dream - if indeed it does not originate in another world - at any rate has taken the dreamer into another world. The old physiologist, Burd...
-(B) The Material Of The Dream. - Memory In The Dream
That all the material composing the content of the dream in some way originates in experience, that it is reproduced in the dream, or recalled, - this at least may be taken as an indisputable truth. Y...
-The Material Of The Dream. - Memory In The Dream. Part 2
A patient dreamed in a lengthy connection that he ordered a Kontuszowka in a cafe, and after reporting this inquired what it might mean, as he never heard the name before. I was able to answer that ...
-The Material Of The Dream. - Memory In The Dream. Part 3
As if to counterbalance the immense role ascribed to the infantile impressions in the dream, many authors assert that the majority of dreams show elements from the most recent time. Thus Robert55 (p. ...
-(C) Dream Stimuli And Dream Sources
What is meant by dream stimuli and dream sources may be explained by referring to the popular saying, Dreams come from the stomach. This notion conceals a theory which conceives the dream as a resul...
-I. The External Sensory Stimuli
The younger Strumpell, son of the philosopher whose writings on the subject have already more than once served us as a guide in the problem of dreams, has, as is well known, reported his observations ...
-I. The External Sensory Stimuli. Continued
* Chauffeurs were bands of robbers in the Vendee who resorted to this form of torture. 6. A drop of water was let fall on his forehead. He imagined himself in Italy perspiring heavily and drinking wh...
-II. Internal (Subjective) Sensory Stimuli
Notwithstanding all objections to the contrary, we must admit that the role of the objective sensory stimuli as a producer of dreams has been indisputably established, and if these stimuli seem perhap...
-III. Internal (Organic) Physical Excitation
If we are disposed to seek dream sources not outside, but inside, the organism, we must remember that almost all our internal organs, which in their healthy state hardly remind us of their existence, ...
-III. Internal (Organic) Physical Excitation. Continued
In a study particularly logical in its development, the psychiatrist Krauss39 found the origin of the dream as well as of deliria and delusions in the same element, viz. the organically determined sen...
-IV. Psychic Exciting Sources
In treating the relations of the dream to the waking life and the origin of the dream material, we learned that the earliest as well as the latest investigators agreed that men dream of what they are ...
-(D) Why The Dream Is Forgotten After Awakening
That the dream fades away in the morning is proverbial. To be sure, it is capable of recollection. For wo know the dream only by recalling it after awakening; but very often we believe that we remem...
-(E) The Psychological Peculiarities Of Dreams
In the scientific investigation of the dream we start with the assumption that the dream is an occurrence of our own psychic activity; nevertheless the finished dream appears to us as something strang...
-The Psychological Peculiarities Of Dreams. Part 2
Silberer has shown by nice examples how in the state of sleepiness even abstract thoughts may be changed into illustrative plastic pictures which express the same thing (Jahrbuch von Bleular-F...
-The Psychological Peculiarities Of Dreams. Part 3
If we are willing to disregard these objections, which are not to be taken lightly, we still must admit that the qualities of the dream life thus far considered, which originate by withdrawing from th...
-The Psychological Peculiarities Of Dreams. Part 4
Binz4 (p. 33) points to a dream theory resulting from the impressions. Among ten dreams nine at least have an absurd content. We unite in them persons or things which do not bear the slightest relati...
-The Psychological Peculiarities Of Dreams. Part 5
We are, however, quite prepared to hear that this depreciation of the psychic activities of the dream has not remained without contradiction from the other side. To bo sure, contradiction seems diffic...
-(F) The Ethical Feelings In The Dream
For reasons which will be understood only after cognisance has been taken of my own investigations of the dream, I have separated from the psychology of the dream the partial problem whether and to wh...
-The Ethical Feelings In The Dream. Part 2
All those who allow the continuance of the morality in the dream nevertheless guard against accepting full responsibility for their dreams. Haffner32 says (p. 24): Wo are not responsible for dreams...
-The Ethical Feelings In The Dream. Part 3
We may comprise under undesirable presentations this entire material of presentations, the occurrence of which excites our wonder in immoral as well as in absurd dreams. The only important differe...
-(G) Dream Theories And Functions Of The Dream
A statement concerning the dream which as far as possible attempts to explain from one point of view many of its noted characters, and which at the same time determines the relation of the dream to a ...
-Dream Theories And Functions Of The Dream. Part 2
The expression physical in reference to the dream, which owes its prominence to this author, points in more than one direction. In the first place, it refers to the etiology of the dream, which was ...
-Dream Theories And Functions Of The Dream. Part 3
Another author, Yves Delage,16 bases his theory on the same characteristics of the dream, which become clear in the selection of the dream material, and it is instructive to observe how a slight turn ...
-Dream Theories And Functions Of The Dream. Part 4
Schemer does not belong to those authors who allow the mind to take along its undiminished capacities into the dream life. He indeed explains how in the dream the centrality and the spontaneous energy...
-(H) Relations Between The Dream, And Mental Diseases
When we speak of the relation of the dream to mental disturbances, we may think of three different things: (I) Etiological and clinical relations, as when a dream represents or initiates a psychotic c...
-Relations Between The Dream, And Mental Diseases. Continued
To him who is tortured by physical and mental sufferings the dream accords what has been denied him by reality, to wit, physical well-being and happiness; so the insane, too, see the bright pictures ...
-II. Method Of Dream Interpretation. The Analysis Of A Sample Dream
The title which I have given my treatise indicates the tradition which I wish to make the starting-point in my discussion of dreams. I have made it my task to show that dreams are capable of interpret...
-II. Method Of Dream Interpretation. The Analysis Of A Sample Dream. Part 2
* Dr. Alfred Robitsek calls my attention to the fact that Oriental dream books, of which ours are pitiful plagiarisms, undertake the interpretation of dream elements, mostly according to the assonance...
-II. Method Of Dream Interpretation. The Analysis Of A Sample Dream. Part 3
The suspension thus required of the critique for these apparently freely rising ideas, which is here demanded and which is usually exercised on them, is not easy for some persons. The undesired ide...
-Dream Of July 23-24, 1895
A great hall - many guests whom we are receiving - among them Irma, whom I immediately take aside, as though to answer her letter, to reproach her for not yet accepting the solution. 1 say to her: ...
-Dream Of July 23-24, 1895. Part 2
What I see in the throat; a white spot and scabby nostrils. The white spot recalls diphtheria, and thus Irma's friend, but besides this it recalls the grave illness of my eldest daughter two years be...
-Dream Of July 23-24, 1895. Part 3
Dr. M. says: It is an infection, but it does not matter. Dysentery will develop, and the poison will be excreted. This at first seems ridiculous to me; still it must be carefully analysed like every...
-Dream Of July 23-24, 1895. Part 4
I suspect why the formula of trimethylamin has made itself so prominent in the dream. So many important things are gathered up in this one word: Trimethylamin is not only an allusion to the overpoweri...
-Dream Of July 23-24, 1895. Part 5
Still other subjects mingle in the dream, whose relation to my release from responsibility for Irma's illness is not so transparent: the illness of my daughter and that of a patient of the same name, ...
-III. The Dream Is The Fulfilment Of A Wish
When after passing a defile one has reached an eminence where the ways part and where the view opens out broadly in different directions, it is permissible to stop for a moment and to consider where o...
-III. The Dream Is The Fulfilment Of A Wish. Part 2
The facta about dreams of thirst were known also to Weygnndt, who expresses himself about them (p. 11) as follows: It is just the sensation of thirst which is most accurately registered of ...
-III. The Dream Is The Fulfilment Of A Wish. Part 3
On this excursion wishes, destined to be satisfied only in dreams, had arisen also in the mind of the girl of eight and a half years. We had taken with us to Halstatt the twelve-year-old boy of our ne...
-IV. Distortion In Dreams
If I make the assertion that wish fulfilment is the meaning of every dream, that, accordingly, there can be no dreams except wish dreams, I am sure at the outset to meet with the most emphatic contrad...
-IV. Distortion In Dreams. Part 2
One evening I was visited by a friend of mine, one of those colleagues whose fate I had taken as a warning for myself. As he had long been a candidate for promotion to the position of professor, which...
-IV. Distortion In Dreams. Part 3
* It is remarkable how my memory narrows here for the purposes of analysis - while I am awake. I have known five of my uncles, and have loved and honoured one of them. But at the moment when I overcam...
-IV. Distortion In Dreams. Part 4
The correspondence between the phenomena of the censor and those of dream distortion, which may be traced in detail, justifies us in assuming similar conditions for both. We should then assume in each...
-Dream Analysis
The husband of the patient, an upright and conscientious wholesale butcher, had told her the day before that he is growing too fat, and that he must, therefore, begin treatment for obesity. He was goi...
-Dream Analysis. Part 2
Identification is most often used in hysteria to express sexual community. An hysterical woman identifies herself most readily - although not exclusively - with persons with whom she has had sexual re...
-Dream Analysis. Part 3
Certainly; at that time the Professor returned after a long absence, and I saw him once more beside the coffin of little Otto. It was exactly as I had expected. I interpreted the dream in the follow...
-Dream Analysis. Part 4
* It often happens that a dream is told incompletely, and that a recollection of the omitted portions appears only in the course of the analysis. These portions subsequently fitted in, regularly furni...
-Dream Analysis. Part 5
Now there still remain as a particular species of dreams with painful content, dreams of anxiety, the inclusion of which under dreams of wishing will find least acceptance with the uninitiated. But I ...
-V. The Material And Sources Of Dreams
After coming to realise from the analysis of the dream of Irma's injection that the dream is the fulfilment, of a wish, our interest was next directed to ascertaining whether we had thus discovered a ...
-(A) Recent And Indifferent Impressions In The Dream
If I now consult my own experience concerning the source of the elements which appear in the dream, I must at once express the opinion that some reference to the experiences of the day which has most ...
-I. - Dream From October 1-2, 1910
(Fragment) . . . Somewhere in Italy, Three daughters show me small costly objects, as if in an antiquity shop. At the same time they sit down on my lap. Of one of the pieces I remark: Why, you got th...
-II. - Dream From October 10-11
I am again studying chemistry in the University laboratory. Court Councillor X. invites me to come to another place, and walks before me in the corridor carrying in front of him in his uplifted hand a...
-III. - Dream From October 2-3, 1910
(Fragment) . . Something about Professor Oser, who himself prepared the menu for me, which served to restore me to great peace of mind (rest forgotten). The dream was a reaction to the digestive dist...
-The Folded Coloured Plate
While I was a student of medicine, I suffered much from a fondness for studying in monographs exclusively. In spite of my limited means, I subscribed to a number of the medical archives, in which the ...
-The Folded Coloured Plate. Part 2
There needs no ghost, ray lord, come from the grave To tell us thin, as we read in Hamlet. But behold! I am reminded in the analysis that the name of the man who interrupted our conversation was Gar...
-The Folded Coloured Plate. Part 3
The following experiences will lead us to an explanation. If a day has brought two or more experiences which are fitted to stimulate a dream, then the dream fuses the mention of both into a single who...
-The Folded Coloured Plate. Part 4
Incidentally our attention is called to the fact that important changes in the material comprised by our ideas and our memory may be brought about unconsciously and at night. The injunction that one s...
-(B) Infantile Experiences As The Source Of Dreams
As the third of the peculiarities of the dream content, we have cited from all the authors (except Robert) the fact that impressions from the earliest times of our lives, which seem not to be at the d...
-Infantile Experiences As The Source Of Dreams. Part 2
Whence, then, the ambition which the dream has ascribed to me? Here I remember a story which I heard often in my childhood, that at my birth an old peasant's wife had prophesied to my Happy mother (I ...
-Infantile Experiences As The Source Of Dreams. Part 3
* I have long since learned that it only requires a little courage to fulfil even such unattainable wishes. A fourth dream, occurring shortly after the last one mentioned, brings me back to Rome. I s...
-Infantile Experiences As The Source Of Dreams. Part 4
As a rule, of course, a childhood scene is represented in the manifest dream content only by an allusion, and must be extricated from the dream by means of interpretation. The citation of examples of ...
-Infantile Experiences As The Source Of Dreams. Part 5
III. A great mass of childish memories, which have been hastily united in a phantasy, is to be found behind the following dream of a young lady. She goes out in trepidation, in order to do some shopp...
-Infantile Experiences As The Source Of Dreams. Part 6
In the analysis of this dream there occurs to me quite unexpectedly the novel which I read, that is to say, which I began with the end of the first volume, when I was perhaps thirteen years old. I hav...
-Infantile Experiences As The Source Of Dreams. Part 7
Thou who art born of gods, of Goths, or of Kot (mud) - Thy godlike images, too, fire dust. I perceive that this digression about the abuse of names was only intended to prepare for this complaint. ...
-Infantile Experiences As The Source Of Dreams. Part 8
I am again in front of the railroad station, but I am with a elderly gentleman. I invent a scheme for remaining unrecognised, but I also see this plan already carried out. Thinking and experiencing ar...
-Infantile Experiences As The Source Of Dreams. Part 9
* Not in Germinal, but in La Terre - a mistake of which I became aware only in the analysis. I may call attention also to the identity of the letters in Huflattich and Flatus. I cannot give such a de...
-Infantile Experiences As The Source Of Dreams. Part 10
If the two childhood scenes of urinating are otherwise connected with the desire for greatness, their rehabilitation on the trip to the Aussee was further favoured by the accidental circumstance that ...
-(C) Somatic Sources Of Dreams
If the attempt be made to interest the cultured layman in the problems of dreaming, and if, with this end in view, he be asked the question from what source dreams originate according to his opinion, ...
-Somatic Sources Of Dreams. Part 2
However popular this theory of somatic dream stimuli may have become, and however seductive it may seem, it is nevertheless easy to show the weak point in it. Every somatic dream stimulus which provok...
-Somatic Sources Of Dreams. Part 3
But Schemer's theory of the symbolisation of bodily stimuli by the dream receives a heavy blow from another objection. These bodily stimuli are present at all times, and according to general assumptio...
-Somatic Sources Of Dreams. Part 4
I shall gladly find room here for a number of peculiarities, which serve to put a different face on the significance of external stimuli for the dream. I imagine that a co-operation of individual, phy...
-Somatic Sources Of Dreams. Part 5
* Cf. the passage in Griesinger31 and the remarks in my second essay on the defence-neuropsycliosw - OeLded Papers on Hysteria, translated by A.A.Brill saddle, one of my few well-wishers among the ...
-Somatic Sources Of Dreams. Part 6
If the outer nerve stimuli and inner bodily stimuli are sufficiently intense to compel psychic attention, they represent - that is, in case they result in dreaming and not in awakening - a definite po...
-Somatic Sources Of Dreams. Part 7
Perhaps an example, which takes us back to the interpretation of dreams, will best illustrate my meaning. One day I was trying to understand the meaning of the sensations of being impeded, of not bein...
-(D) Typical Dreams
In general we are not in a position to interpret the dream of another person if he is unwilling to furnish us with the uncon-scious thoughts which he behind the dream content, and for this reason the ...
-Typical Dreams. Part 2
The Emperor's New Clothes. It may be observed in the case of children who are a little older that being undressed has a kind of intoxicating effect upon them, instead of making them ashamed...
-Typical Dreams. Part 3
This profound and eternal character of humanity, upon the touching of which in his listeners the poet usually calculates, is made up of the stirrings of the spirit which are rooted in childhood, in th...
-Typical Dreams. Part 4
If some one dreams with expressions of grief that his father or mother, his brother or sister, has died, I shall not use the dream as a proof that he wishes them dead now. The theory of the dreams doe...
-Typical Dreams. Part 5
* The three-and-a-half-year-old Hans, whose phobia is the subject of analysis in the above-mentioned publication, cries during fever shortly after the birth of his sister: I don't want a little siste...
-Typical Dreams. Part 6
In the solution of this difficulty we are aided by the experience that dreams of the death of parents predominantly refer to that member of the parental couple which shares the sex of the dreamer, so ...
-Typical Dreams. Part 7
Although observations upon little children lend themselves, without being forced, to the proposed interpretation, they do not carry the full conviction which psychoanalyses of adult neurotics obtrude ...
-Typical Dreams. Part 8
Where are they to be found? How shall we trace the perpetrators of so old a crime where no conjecture leads to discovery? * The action of the play now consists merely in a revelation, which is grad...
-Typical Dreams. Part 9
I must not leave the typical dream of the death of dear relatives without somewhat further elucidating the subject concerning the character of the hero, has curiously shown itself to be consistent wi...
-Typical Dreams. Part 10
II. Once I dream that I see on the show-table of a book store a new number in the Book-lovers' Collection - the collection which I am in the habit of buying (art monographs, monographs on the history ...
-Typical Dreams. Part 11
Every one who has received his degree after having passed the final college examination, complains of the ruthlessness with which he is pursued by the anxiety dream that he will fail, that he must rep...
-Typical Dreams. Part 12
He is witnessing a performance of Fidelio from the parquette of the opera house; he is sitting next to L., whose personality is congenial to him, and whose friendship he would like to have. He suddenl...
-Typical Dreams. Part 13
1 then continued to dream something which I can no longer remember, which dentist's), hoping that they would be brought after me, and dressed only in my overcoat I hastened to catch a departing train....
-Typical Dreams. Part 14
Theoretically this case seems to show a double interest. First it verifies the connection revealed by Freud, inasmuch as the ejaculation in the dream takes place during the act of tooth-pulling. For n...
-Typical Dreams. Part 15
Dreams of falling are most frequently characterised by fear. Their interpretation, when they occur in women, is subject to no difficulty because women always accept the symbolic sense of falling, whic...
-Typical Dreams. Part 16
* W. Stekel, Die Sprnche dee Traumel, 1911. Alf. Adler, Der Paychische Hermaphroditismus im Leben und in der Neurose, Fortichrifte dtr Medizin, 1910, No. 16, and later works in the Zentralb...
-Typical Dreams. Part 17
* It is only of late that I have learned to value the significance of fancies and unconscious thoughts about life in the womb. They contain the explanation of the curious fear felt by so many people o...
-Typical Dreams. Part 18
* In this country where the word necktie is almost exclusively used, the translator has also found it to be a symbol of a burdensome woman from whom the dreamer longs to be freed - necktie - somet...
-1. The Hat As A Symbol Of The Man (Of The Male Genital)
: (a fragment from the dream of a young woman who suffered from agoraphobia on account of a fear of temptation). I am walking in the street in summer, I wear a straw hat of peculiar shape, t...
-2. The little one as the genital - to be run over as a symbol of sexual intercourse (another dream of the same agoraphobic patient)
Her mother sends away her little daughter so that she must go alone. She rides with her mother to the railroad and sees her little one walking directly upon the tracks, so that she cannot avoid being...
-3. Representation of the genital by structures, stairways, and shafts
(Dream of a young man inhibited by a father complex.) He is taking a walk with his father in a place which is surely the Prater, for the Rotunda may be seen in front of which there is a small front ...
-4. The male genital symbolised by persons and the female by a landscape
(Dream of a woman of the lower class, whose husband is a policeman, reported by B. Dattner.) . . . Then someone broke into the house and anxiously called for a policeman. But he went with two tramps ...
-5. A Stairway Dream
(Reported and interpreted by Otto Bank.) For the following transparent pollution dream, I am indebted to the same colleague who furnished us with the dental-irritation dream reported on p. 235. I a...
-6. A modified stair-dream
To one of my very nervous patients, who was an abstainer, whose fancy was fixed on his mother, and who repeatedly dreamed of climbing stairs accompanied by his mother, I once remarked that moderate ma...
-VI. The Dream-Work
All previous attempts to solve the problems of the dream have been based directly upon the manifest dream content as it is retained in the memory, and have undertaken to obtain an interpretation of th...
-(A) The Condensation Work
The first thing which becomes clear to the investigator in the comparison of the dream content with the dream thoughts is that a tremendous work of condensation has taken place. The dream is reserved,...
-The Condensation Work. Continued
Dream content: 1 have written a monograph upon a (obscure) certain plant, The book ties before me, I am just turning over a folded coloured plate. A dried specimen of the plant is bound with every cop...
-II. "A Beautiful Dream"
The dreamer is riding with much company to X-street, where there is a modest road-house (which is not the fact). A theatrical performance is being given in its rooms. He is first audience, then actor....
-II. "A Beautiful Dream". Part 2
Just as the name Sappho has not been selected by the poet without reference to a Lesbian custom, so the elements of the dream in which persons act above and below, point to fancies of a sexual nature ...
-II. "A Beautiful Dream". Part 3
By way of supplement. Such books are poison to a young girl. She herself in youth had drawn much information from forbidden books, about his senility in her unconscious thoughts. The wish th...
-II. "A Beautiful Dream". Part 4
I pass over the striking circumstance that here, as elsewhere in the analysis of dreams, associations of the most widely different values are employed for the establishment of thought connections as t...
-II. "A Beautiful Dream". Part 5
* Given by translator as authors example could not be translated. The condensation uclamparia - wet is therefore the point of junction for the dream as well as for the neurosis.* * The same analysis...
-II. "A Beautiful Dream". Part 6
Lasker died of progressive paralysis, that is of the consequences of an infection caught from a woman (lues); Lasalle, as is well known, was killed in a duel on account of a lady. My fancy, t...
-(B) The Work of Displacement
Another sort of relation, which is no less significant, must have come to our notice while we were collecting examples of dream condensation. We have seen that those elements which obtrude themselves ...
-(C) Means Of Representation In The Dream
Besides the two factors of dream condensation and dream displacement which we have found to be active in the transformation of the latent dream material into the manifest content, we shall come in the...
-Means Of Representation In The Dream. Part 2
I shall not deny, indeed, that there is also critical thought activity which does not merely repeat material from the dream thoughts and which takes part in the formation of the dream. I shall have to...
-Means Of Representation In The Dream. Part 3
The dream is altogether unable to express the alternative, either - or; it is in the habit of taking both members of tills alternative into one context, as though they were equally privileged. A cla...
-Means Of Representation In The Dream. Part 4
The mechanism of dream formation is favourable in the highest degree to only one of the logical relations. This relation is that of similarity, correspondence, contiguity, as though, which is capabl...
-Means Of Representation In The Dream. Part 5
It has been my experience - and to this I have found no exception - that every dream treats of one's own person. Dreams are absolutely egotistic. In case3 where not my ego, but only a strange person o...
-Means Of Representation In The Dream. Part 6
I have already asserted that the dream has no means for expressing the relation of contradiction, of contrast, of negation. I am about to contradict this assertion for the first time. A part of the ca...
-Means Of Representation In The Dream. Part 7
If we attempt to trace the relations between dream content and dream thoughts further, we shall do this best by making the dream itself our starting-point and by asking ourselves the question: What do...
-Means Of Representation In The Dream. Part 8
Comments on the dream and seemingly harmless observations about it often serve in the most subtle manner to conceal - although they usually betray - a part of what is dreamed. Thus, for example, when ...
-Means Of Representation In The Dream. Part 9
Failure to accomplish does not always appear in the dream as a sensation, but also simply as a part of the dream content. I believe that a case of this sort is particularly well suited to enlighten us...
-(D) Regard For Presentabitity
So far we have been attempting to ascertain how the dream represents the relations among the dream-thoughts, but we have several times extended our consideration to the further question of what altera...
-Regard For Presentabitity. Continued
A lady, a friend of mine, dreams: She is in the opera-house. It is a Wagnerian performance which has lasted till 7.45 in the morning. In the parquette and parterre there are tables, around which peopl...
-Flower Dream
I here insert the promised flower dream of a lady patient, in which I have italicised everything which is to be sexually interpreted. This beautiful dream seemed to lose its entire charm for the dream...
-(E) Examples: Arithmetic Speeches In The Dream
Before I proceed to assign to its proper place the fourth of the factors which control the formation of the dream, I shall cite several examples from my collection of dreams for the purpose partly of ...
-Examples: Arithmetic Speeches In The Dream. Part 2
4. The same dreamer on another occasion relates a short dream which almost recalls the technique of a rebus. His uncle gives him a kiss in an automobile. He immediately adds the interpretation, which ...
-Examples: Arithmetic Speeches In The Dream. Part 3
III. Another example displays the arithmetical powers of the dream, which have brought it into such disrepute. A man dreams: He is sitting at B------'s (a family of his earlier acquaintance) and say...
-Examples: Arithmetic Speeches In The Dream. Part 4
The harmless occasion for this dream is as follows: After taking supper with his wife, the dreamer pays a visit to his worthy but by no means appetising neighbour. The hospitable old lady is just at h...
-(F) Absurd Dreams - Intellectual Performances In The Dream
In our interpretation of dreams thus far we have come upon the element of absurdity in the dream-content so often that we must no longer postpone an investigation of its cause and significance. We rem...
-Absurd Dreams - Intellectual Performances In The Dream. Part 2
* I have forgotten in what author I found a dream mentioned that was overrun with unusually small figures, the source of which turned out to be one of the engravings of Jacques Callot, which the dream...
-Absurd Dreams - Intellectual Performances In The Dream. Part 3
But with what intention? We shall now learn what the absurdity in the dream signifies, and the motives which admitted it or created it. The solution of the mystery in the case in question is as follow...
-Absurd Dreams - Intellectual Performances In The Dream. Part 4
The impression of absurdity in this dream is brought about largely by the fact that sentences from different divisions of the dream thoughts are strung together without any reconciling transition. Thu...
-Absurd Dreams - Intellectual Performances In The Dream. Part 5
If I add further that the book of my friend so severely criticised (It is a question whether the author is crazy or we are had been the opinion of another critic) treats of the temporal relations of...
-Absurd Dreams - Intellectual Performances In The Dream. Part 6
* Note the resemblance of Geseres and Ungseres to the German word* for salted and unsalted - gesalzen and ungesalzen; also to the German words for soured and unsoured-gesauert and ungesauert. (Transl...
-Absurd Dreams - Intellectual Performances In The Dream. Part 7
I. A striking example of this I have already given. A female patient does not wish to relate her dream because it is too vague. She has seen a person in the dream, and does not know whether it is her ...
-Absurd Dreams - Intellectual Performances In The Dream. Part 8
But I know from analysis that these acta of judgment, which seem to have been performed in the dream for the first time, admit of a different construction in the light of which they become indispensab...
-Absurd Dreams - Intellectual Performances In The Dream. Part 9
* Those results correct in several respects my earlier statements concerning the representation of logical relations (p. 290). The latter described the general conditions of dream activity, but they d...
-Absurd Dreams - Intellectual Performances In The Dream. Part 10
VIII. In the context of another dream there is a similar expression of astonishment at what is experienced in the dream. This, however, is connected with a striking and skilfully contrived attempt at ...







TOP
previous page: Sex And Dreams - The Language Of Dreams | by William Stekel
  
page up: Dreams Books
  
next page: The Meaning Of Dreams | by Isador H. Coriat