This section is from the book "Scouting For Rural Boys. A Manual For Leaders", by Boy scouts of America. See also: Outdoor Adventure Manual: Essential Scouting Skills for the Great Outdoors.
The average farm or home work shop usually contains enough tools for this work. A Scout knife, saw, axe or hatchet, chisels, jackplane, jigsaw or coping saw and some clamps. Hammer and nails, screwdriver and screws will be needed and a brace and bit. Rustic letters may be fashioned out of small twigs (green) and nailed with thin staples on a white background.
Stencils may be cut out for keeping hand-made letters somewhat uniform in size and shape. The letters for these may be saved from or cut out of the newspaper until enough of a size are in hand, and then cut them out carefully with a sharp pointed knife from a piece of stiff waxed cardboard.
A booklet on lettering will help a Scout a lot.
GATES, FENCES, RUSTIC CRAFT
A sign over the gateway always attracts attention and adds a note of distinction to the property.
If there are bridle paths on your property, or if a horse is ridden to cover the ground, one of the latches illustrated will enable the rider to open and close gates without necessity of dismounting.
A foot-operated latch is a real convenience to any one who frequently has to carry heavy loads through a gateway to the barnyard, stockyard or garden.
Strap hinges that encircle a gate-post may be raised or lowered by changing the position of a peg or bolt inserted in poles underneath the hinge. This is a real convenience for sections where snow is liable to pile up and block the operation of the gate.
The pasture gate illustrated permits a person to walk from one meadow or pasture to the next one, but the turn in the passage way keeps animals out.
A stile over the stone wall will be helpful to persons crossing the wall, as well as to the wall itself, for the more a person climbs over a stone wall the more rapidly it is gradually broken down. The type of stile illustrated will not permit animals to go beyond their boundary, though people can easily cross.
At the bottom of the page is pictured a woodsman's vise which will grip and hold securely any object upon which you wish to work with a draw-knife or similar instrument. This is handy for use in shaving shingles, staves, rustic peg-legs, bows, and similar objects.
The splitting "froe" is an old pioneer idea. A blacksmith can easily make a "froe" from an automobile spring-leaf. The lower edge is sharpened sufficiently for splitting purposes. By placing a split section of log upright between the branched trunk of a log, a "froe" may be used for splitting it into shingles.
Rural leaders in using rope in Scouting are urged to use ROPE, not string or cord. Farm ropes have loads to carry, so must be substantial. A string is no good as a halter rope. Get Scouts to use ordinary strings and cords in a rope machine to build some fair sized rope. This makes splicing easier because the rope structure will be understood.