In a joint tenancy,139 the possibility of survivorship in the co-tenants prevents dower from attaching.140 This, of course, does not apply when the husband has survived his co-tenants, or there has been partition of the estate.141 In some states statutes have

Brooks v. Everett, 13 Allen (Mass.) 457; Otis v. Parshley, 10 N. El 403; Fisk v. Eastman, 5 N. H. 240; Kellett v. Shepard, 139 111. 433, 28 N. E. 751, and 34 N. E. 254; Arnold's Heirs v. Arnold's Adm'r, 8 B. Mon. (Ky.) 202; Butler v. Cheatham, 8 Bush (Ky.) 594; Young v. Morehead, 94 Ky. 608, 23 S. W. 511. But, if the husband purchases the prior estate, the wife will have dower. House v. Jackson, 50 N. Y. 161. By statute, in Ohio, dower is given in reversions and remainders. 1 Stim. Am. St. Law, § 3211.

134 1 Scrib. Dower (2d Ed.) 321.

135 Boyd v. Hunter, 44 Ala. 705; Sykes v. Sykes, 49 Miss. 190.

136 Robinson v. Miller, 2 B. Mon. (Ky.) 284. If he take them by purchase, the rule is different. Co. Litt. 31a; In re Cregier, 1 Barb. (N. Y.) 598. But cf. Durando v. Durando, 23 N. Y. 331.

137 Reynolds v. Reynolds, 5 Paige (N. Y.) 161; Safford v. Safford, 7 Paige (N. Y.) 259; Bear v. Snyder, 11 Wend. (N. Y.) 592; Geer v. Hamblin, 1 Greenl. (Me.) 54; Manning v. Laboree, 33 Me. 343; Reitzel v. Eckard, 65 N. C. 673; Carter v. Mcdaniel, 94 Ky. 564, 23 S. W. 507; Peckham v. Hadwen, 8 R. I. 160; Gardner v. Greene, 5 R. I. 104. But possession under a right of quarantine does not prevent the heir's widow taking dower. Null v. Howell 111 Mo. 273, 20 S. W. 24.

138 Steele v. La Frambois, 68 111 456; In re Cregier, 1 Barb. Ch. (N. Y.) 598.

139 See post, p. 333.

140 Mayburry v. Brien, 15 Pet. 21; Cockrill v. Armstrong, 31 Ark. 580; Babbitt v. Day, 41 N. J. Eq. 392, 5 Atl 275; Reed v. Kennedy, 2 Strob. (S. C.) 67.

141 1 Scrib. Dower (2d Ed.) 337. But a sale by one tenant of his interest is abolished survivorship, and so given dower in joint tenancies; in others, it has been expressly granted.142 Dower is, however, an incident of estates in co-parcenary 143 and in common.144 If partition is made of such an estate, the right of dower no longer exists in the whole land, but merely in the portion set apart to the husband.145

Same - Partnership Lands.

Equity regards lands held by a partnership as personalty, and the widow of a deceased partner has dower only in his share of the firm realty which is left after the debts are paid.146 not such partition as gives his wife dower. Mayburry v. Brien, 15 Pet 21; Cockrill v. Armstrong, 31 Ark. 5S0; Babbitt v. Day, 41 N. J. Eq. 392, 5 Atl. 275.

142 1 stim. Am. St Law, §§ 1371, 3211; 1 Scrib. Dower (2d Ed.) 338; Weir v. Tate, 4 Ired. Eq. (N. C.) 264; Davis v. Logan, 9 Dana (Ky.) 185.

143 Jourdan v. Haran, 56 N. Y. Super. Ct R 185, 3 N. Y. Supp. 541; Baker v. Leibert, 125 Pa. St. 106, 17 Atl. 236; 1 Scrib. Dower (2d Ed.) 341.

144 Harvill v. Holloway, 24 Ark. 19; Ross v. Wilson, 58 Ga. 249; French v. Lord, 69 Me. 537; Hill v. Gregory, 56 Miss. 341; Smith v. Smith, 6 Lans. (N. Y.) 313; Hudson v. Steere, 9 R. I. 106; Davis v. Bartholomew, 3 Ind. 485,

145 Potter v. Wheeler, 13 Mass. 504; Wilkinson v. Parish, 3 Paige (N. Y.) 653; Totten v. Stuyvesant 3 Edw. Ch. (N. Y.) 500; Lee v. Lindell 22 Mo. 202; Mosher v. Mosher, 32 Me. 412; Lloyd v. Conover, 25 N. J. Law, 47; Doektermann v. Elder, 27 Wkly. Law Bul. 195; Holley v. Glover, 36 S. C. 404, 15 S. E. 605. So a sale in partition divests the wife's whole interest. Weaver v. Gregg, 6 Ohio St. 547. But see Coburn v. Herrington, 114 111. 104, 29 N. E. 478; Dehoney v. Bell (Ky.) 30 S. W. 400.

146 Simpson v. Leech, 86 111. 286; Hale v. Plummer, 6 Ind. 121; Campbell v. Campbell, 30 N. J. Eq. 415; Dyer v. Clark, 5 Metc. (Mass.) 562; Mowry v. Bradley, 11 R I. 370; Free v. Beatley, 95 Mich. 426, 54 N. W. 910; Dawson v. Parsons, 10 Misc. Rep. 428, 31 N. Y. Supp. 78; Riddell v. Riddell, 85 Hun, 482, 33 N. Y. Supp. 99; Parrish v. Parrish, 88 Va. 529, 14 S. E. 325; Deering v. Kerfoot's Ex'r, 89 Va. 491, 16 S. E. 671; Young v. Thrasher, 115 Mo. 222, 21 S. W. 1104; Woodward-holmes Co. v. Nudd, 58 Minn. 236, 59 N. W. 1010; Holton v. Guinn, 65 Fed. 450. But see Ratcliffe v. Mason, 92 Ky. 190, 17 S. W. 438; Shipp v. Snyder, 121 Mo. 155, 25 S, W. 900; Hughes v. Allen, 66 Vt 95, 28 Atl. 882.

Same - quarantine

51. Quarantine is the right of a widow to remain in her husband's principal mansion house after his death for forty days.

52. The duration of quarantine has been extended in some states.

At common law a widow has a right, called her "quarantine," to remain 40 days in the mansion house147 of the husband.148 Statutes in some states give a longer time.149 In several she can now remain until her dower is assigned.150 The right can only be claimed as to property of which the widow is dowable.151 She can lease 152 the premises, but her quarantine right is not subject to sale on execution.153 By common law quarantine was for147 In some states the right has been extended to other property besides the house. 1 Shars. & B. Lead. Cas. Real Prop. 403; 1 Washb. Real Prop. (5th Ed.) 2S2; Weaver v. Crenshaw, 6 Ala. 873; Stewart's Lessee v. Stewart. 3 J. J. Marsh. (Ky.) 49; Grimes v. Wilson, 4 Blackf (Ind.) 331

148 Oakley v. Oakley, 30 Ala. 131. The right exists only against those claiming under the husband. Taylor v. Mccrackin, 2 Blackf. (Ind.) 2G0.

149 In several it is now one year. 1 Stim. Am. St. Law, § 3278; 1 Shars. & B. Lead. Cas. Real Prop. 403; 1 Washb. Real Prop. (5th Ed.) 282.

150 1 stim. Am. St. Law, § 3278; 1 Shars. & B. Lead. Cas. Real Prop. 403; 1 Washb. Real Prop. (5th Ed.) 282; White v. Clarke, 7 T. B. Mon. (Ky.) 641; Pharis v. Leachman, 20 Ala. 662; Rambo v. Bell, 3 Ga. 207; Graham's Heirs v. Graham, 6 T. B. Mon. (Ky.) 561; Chaplin v. Simmons' Heirs, 7 T. B. Mon. (Ky.) 337; Stewart's Lessee v. Stewart, 3 J. J. Marsh. (Ky.) 48; Robinson v. Miller, 1 B. Mon. (Ky.) 88.