(e) Ramsay v. Blair, (1876) 1 A. C. 701; 3 Rett. H. L. 41; and as to the distinction between a right to the coal under a close, as a right to land, and a right to take coal in another's land (which is a profit d prendre), see Wilkinson v. Proud, (1843) 11 M. & W. 33; 12 L. J. Ex. 227; Duke of Sutherland v. Heathcote, 1892, 1 Ch. 475; 61 L. J. Ch. 248; Batten Pooll v. Kennedy, 1907, 1 Ch. 256.

By s. 77 of the R. C. C. Act, 1845, a railway company is not to be entitled to any mines of coal, ironstone, slate, or other minerals, under any lands purchased by it, except only such parts thereof as shall be necessary to be dug or carried away, or used in the construction of the works, unless the same shall have been expressly purchased: but it may always secure sufficient support by making compensation to the owner of the subjacent minerals (i); and may delay the purchase of such minerals until the necessity for it arises (7c). If, however, the company decline to make compensation, the . mine-owner may work the minerals in a proper manner according to the custom of the district (I), and may if necessary for that purpose enter on the surface of the land sold (m); and the company cannot, under its statutory purchase, claim the benefit which an ordinary purchaser would have had to the subjacent and adjacent support (n). But the mining sections (ss. 77 - 85) of the Railway Clauses Act, 1845, do not apply to mines lying outside the prescribed limit, and outside such limit the mineral owner is not bound to give the thirty days' notice before working the minerals, nor is the railway company entitled to serve a counter-notice of intention to pay compensation. It follows, therefore, that the company enjoys - outside such limit - the Common Law right of lateral support (o). By the Mines, etc. Act, 1923, s. 15, it is provided that the R. C. C. Act, 1845, as incorporated in any Act passed after the passing of the-act of 1923, is to have effect as if the provisions thereinafter set out were inserted in substitution for ss. 78 - 85 of the Act of 1845, and as if the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Schedules to the Act of 1923 were inserted in the R. C. C. Act, 1845, as the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Schedules thereto.

A railway company not entitled to minerals except by express purchase.

(f) Eardlcy v. Granville, (1876) 3 Ch. D. 826; 45 L. J. Ch. 669; and see Bowser v. Maclean, (1860) 2 D. F. & J. at p. 420; 30 L. J. Ch. 273.

(g) Ballacorkish Silver Mining Co. v. Harrison, (1873) ~L. R. 5 P. C. 49.

(h) See Sch. XII. para. (5).

(i) S. 78; G. N. R. v. Inl. Rev. Commrs., 1901, 1 Q. B. 416; 70 L. J. K. B. 336; Re Richard and G. W. R. Co., 1905, 1 K. B. 68; and as to the compensation payable, see Smith v. G. W. R. Co., (1877) 3 A. C. 165; 47 L. J. Ch. 97; and see Bwllfa and Merthyr Collieries v. Pontypridd Waterworks Co., 1903, A. C. 426; 72 L. J. K. B. 805; Re Saunderton Glebe Lands, 1903, 1 Ch. 481; 72 L. J. Ch. 276; L. & N. W. R. v. Rowley Park Coal, etc. Co., 1.911, 2 Ch. 97; 1913, A. C. 11; Fletcher v. Lane, and York. R. Co., 1902, 1 Ch. 901; 71 L. J. Ch. 590; R. v. L. & N. W. R. Co., 1804, 2 Q. B. 512; 63 L. J. Q. B. 695; Richard v. G. W. R. Co., (1.904) 68 J. P. 375; where a railway company purchases part of the minerals the right to compensation against the company in respect of coal which the owner is unable to get without taking away the support of the minerals purchased, does not arise on a notice to treat for the unsold minerals under s. 78, but at such time as the owner is desirous of working such coal; Re Lord Gerard and L. & N. W. R. Co., 1895, 1 Q. B. 459; 64 L. J. Q. B. 260.

(k) S. 6 of the L. C. C. Act empowers the railway company to purchase the minerals under the lands compulsorily, even though they have already got the lands, and this power is not abridged by the R. C. C. Act, s. 77; Errington v. Met. Dist. R. Co., (1882) 19 Ch. D. 559; 51 L. J. Ch. 305; and see Dixon v. Cal. R. Co., (1880) 5 A. C. 820; 43 L. T. 513; Thompson v. Hickman, 1907, 1 Ch. 550.

25 (2)

(l) See s. 79.

(m) Ruabon Brick and Terra Cotta Co. v. G. W. R. Co., 1893, 1 Ch. 427; 62 L. J. Ch. 483; Re Lord Gerard and L. & N. W. R. Co., 1895,

1 Q. B. 459; 64 L. J. Q. B. 260

(n) G. W. R. v. Bennett, (1867) L. R. 2 H. L. 27; 36 L. J. Q. B. 133; G. W. R. Co. v. Fletcher, (1860) 5 H. & N. 689; 29 L. J. Ex. 253; Mid. R. Co. v. Robinson, (1889) 15 A. C. 19; 59 L. J. Ch. 442; Knowles v. Lane, and York. R. Co., (1889) 14 A. C. 248; and see G. W. R. Co. v. Cefn Cribbwr Brick Co., 1894, 2 Ch. 157; 63 L. J. Ch. 500; L. & N. W. R. Co. v. Walker, 1903, A. C. 289; 72 L. J. K. B. 578. As to communications between mines lying on either side of the line and compensation to the owner of such mines, see ss. 80, 81, and M. R. Co. v. Miles, (1885) 30 Ch. D. 634; (1886) 33 Ch. D. 632; and under Canal Companies Acts, see Knowles v. Lane, and York. R. Co., (1889) 14 A. C. 248; L. & N. W. R. Co. v. Evans, 1893, 1 Ch. 16; 62 L. J. Ch. 1; Chamber Colliery Co. v. Rochdale Canal Co., 1895, A. C. 564; 64 L. J. Q. B. 645; New Moss Colliery Co. v. M. S.& L. R. Co., 1897, 1 Ch. 725; 66 L. J. Ch. 381; and under Highways and Locomotives Act, 1878, see A.-g. v. Conduit Colliery Co., 1895, 1 Q. B. 301; 64 L. J. Q. B. 207; Manchester Corp. v. New Moss Colliery, 1906, 2 Ch. 564; and under the Public Health Act, see Jary v. Barnsley Corp., 1907, 2 Ch. 600.

(o) L. & N. W. R. Co. v. Howley Park Coal and Cannel Co., 1911,.

2 Ch. 97, 109; 1913, A. C. 11.

In general, a statutory power to make and maintain a thing - for instance, a sewer or water pipe - implies a right to support necessary for the thing made: and this rule does not conflict with a provision under the statutory power for compensation to be made to the owners of minerals, when the implied right of support conflicts with his interest: when there is no provision for compensation the rights as between the owner of the supporting stratum and the statutory owner depend on the construction to be put upon the Special Act (p).