Upon the death of the owner of land without having made a devise thereof, while the land, together with the fructus naturales, will pass to the heir, the fructus indus-tiales pass to the executor or administrator as personal assets.62 In a number of states this matter is regulated by statute.63 Annual crops, and a fortiori permanent growths, pass with the land to a devisee thereof, unless it is otherwise expressed in the will.64

59. Latham v. Atwood, Cro. Car. 515; Rodwell v. Phillips, 9 Mees. & W. 501; Frank v. Harrington, 36 Barb. (N. Y.) 415. See Graves v. Weld, 5 Barn. & Adol. 105.

60. Lewis v. McNatt, 65 N. C. 63; Richbourg v. Rose, 53 Fla. 173, 125 Am. St. Rep. 1061, 12 Ann. Cas. 274, 44 So. 69. But see Florala Sawmill Co. v. Parrish. 155 Ala. 462, 46 So. 461.

61. See the question well discussed by Simmons, C. J., in Bagley v. Columbus Southern Ry. Co., 98 Ga. 626, 34 L. R. A. 286, 58 Am. St. Rep. 325. 25 S. E. 638. 62: Co. Litt. 55b; I Williams,

Ex'rs (9th Ed.) 622; 2 Woerner, Administration, Sec. 282; In re Ring's Estate, 132 la., 216, 109 N. W. 710; Dennett v. Hopkinson, 63 Me. 350; Penhallow v. Dwight, 7 Mass. 34, 5 Am. Dec. 21; McGee v Walker, 106 Mich. 521, 64 N. W. 482; Sherman v. Willett, 42 N. Y. 146.

63. 2 Woerner, Administration, Sec. 282. See Wright v. Watson, 96 Ala. 536; Cheney v. Rocdhouse, 32 111 App. 49; Evans v. Hardy, 76

Ind. 527; Dickey v. Wilkins, (Miss.) 17 So. 374; Bradner v. Faulkner, 34 N. Y. 347; Waring v. Purcell, 1 Hill Eq. (S. C). 193.

64. Co. Litt. 55l, llargraves