Albert Pike, an American poet, born in Boston, Dec. 29, 1809. When he was four years old the family removed to Newburyport. At the age of 16 he entered Harvard college; but being unable to support himself in Cambridge, he became a teacher. In the spring of 1831 he started for the west and south. From St. Louis he set out with a company of 40 on an expedition to Mexico, and remained a year at Santa Fe. In September, 1832, he left Taos with a company of trappers, and, after a visit to the head waters of the Red and Brazos rivers, separated with four others from the party, and travelled 500 miles on foot to Fort Smith in Arkansas. The following winter he spent in teaching. In the mean time he had written poems for the "Arkansas Advocate,"published at Little Rock, of which he became part proprietor, and in 1834 bought the whole establishment. He edited the paper till 1836, but meanwhile studied law and was admitted to the bar, after which he devoted himself entirely to that profession. In 1836 he supervised the publication of the revised statutes of Arkansas. During the Mexican war he served with distinction as a volunteer.
On the outbreak of the civil war he organized a body of Cherokee Indians, and fought with them on the confederate side in the battle of Pea Ridge. In 1867-8 he edited the "Memphis Appeal." He has published " Hymns to the Gods" (Boston, 1831), republished in "Blackwood's Magazine" in 1839; " Prose Sketches and Poems" (Boston, 1834); " Reports of Cases in the Supreme Court of Arkansas " (5 vols., Little Rock, 1840-'45); " The Arkansas Form Book" (8vo, 1845); and " Nugae" (Philadelphia, 1854, printed only for private distribution). He has held the highest offices in the society of freemasons, and has published " Statutes and Laws of the Ancient Scottish Rite" (1859).