College (Lat. collegium, an association), in its primary and most general meaning, the union of several persons (collegce, colleagues), with like powers, privileges, and customs, in one office for a common end. Thus, in Roman antiquity, colleges consisted of at least three persons, forming a corporation for religious, political, or industrial purposes. The four principal colleges of priests were the collegium pontificum, C. augurum, C. septemvirorum or epulonum, and C. quindecimvirorum. These were instituted by the earliest kings, and besides them there were many designed for the service of inferior divinities, or at a later period, for the worship of the emperors after their apotheosis. Of the last class the C. Augus-talium and G. Flavialium were examples. Among the Roman political colleges were the G. Capitolinorum, which presided over the Capitoline games, the C. tribunorum pleois, which protected the plebeians from the abuse of patrician magistrates, and the C. qucestorum, which managed the public revenues. There were also from the time of Numa or Servius Tullius colleges of artificers, carpenters, butchers, bakers, locksmiths, potters, and finally of persons engaged in nearly every other branch of industry.

Their original design was either to bring the old and new citizens into closer union, or, according to Plutarch, to prevent the danger of any general conspiracy, by organizing separate assemblies, festivals, and finances for different portions of the citizens. During the latter period of the republic these colleges increased in number, and became intriguing and violent parties in the comitia, so that the senate ordered the dissolution of all those newly formed. They were revived during the civil wars, and suppressed by Caesar and again by Augustus, being regarded as centres of conspiracy. In the Byzantine empire they were encouraged and patronized, in return for which they furnished to the government the products needed for the public services. - Among more recent applications of the term are the collegium tenuiorum, a mediaeval union of poor men who engaged to procure for each other proper burial; the sacred college, or college of cardinals, which assembles in conclave and elects the pope; the colleges or courts of admiralty, having maritime jurisdiction at Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Hoorn, and other seaports of Holland; the colleges of the Armin-ians, or their assemblies held twice each week on Sunday and Friday; the three colleges of electors or their deputies, of princes or their deputies, and of the deputies of imperial cities, which composed the Germanic diet prior to the dissolution of the German empire in 1806; the college of electors of president and vice president in the United States, chosen by the people once in four years for that purpose only; the college of justice, or supreme civil court, of Scotland embracing the advocates and clerks as well as the lords of council and session; the college of heralds in England, incorporated by charter of Richard III. with various privileges, and subordinate to the earl marshal of England, who held his court of chivalry in its hall assisted by its members; the college of general superintendence in Russia, or that department of government which has direction of all benevolent institutions, schools, and houses for the sick and poor; the London college of civilians, or doctors1 commons, founded by Dr. Harvey, the members of which live in a collegiate manner, and in whose common hall the principal spiritual court and the high court of admiralty are held; the London college of physicians, chartered by Henry VIII, and endowed by that monarch and his successors with various privileges, such as the power to inspect the apothecaries' shops and superintend the drugs sold in and about London, and without a license from which no person, though he may have received a medical degree from a university, is permitted to practise medicine within seven miles of that city; the Edinburgh college of physicians, instituted in 1681, to make laws for promoting the art and regulating the practice of physic, having similar powers to those of the corresponding college at London, but obliged to admit the professors of physic in the universities of Scotland as honorary members, and to license all those who have received medical degrees from the universities; and several other European colleges of surgery, medicine, or health, which have both a power of police over matters pertaining to the public health and the privilege of instructing and examining candidates for medical degrees.

The oldest of these in Germany was established by Frederick William, elector of Brandenburg, in Berlin, in 1685. This was followed by a similar college of health in each of the Prussian provinces, and in 1725 there were twelve Prowinzial- Collegia medica under the general supervision of the Berlin Ober- Collegium medicum. By the constitution of 1808 the provincial colleges gave way to medical committees, which were organized in 1815 and 1817 as sections of the administrative government. The London college of surgeons, which dates from the reign of Edward IV., is composed of persons empowered to practise the art of surgery in Great Britain, and has 24 councillors and over 500 fellows, with extended rights and privileges. A competent education and at least eight years of surgical practice are requisite before an examination for a fellowship. The Edinburgh college of surgeons has a corporate character as a royal college. It consists of the surgeons of Edinburgh, has the privilege of examining and of licensing or rejecting all practitioners in surgery in the neighboring counties, and its diplomas are recognized by the army and navy medical boards, and by the East India company, as qualifications for their surgeons. - Colleges as departments of a university arose about the beginning of the 13th century.

When the repute of the great scholastic teachers had attracted thousands of students to the university towns, collisions became frequent between the citizens and so many for the most part rich and noble youths. In order to secure to the students a more fixed mode of life, so that their manners and morals should be under stricter supervision, hotels or boarding houses were established, in which the scholars lodged together under the direction of a superior. These hotels, which were termed colleges, were gradually endowed by the gifts of charitable persons, till they were able to furnish free lodgings and finally entire support to a certain number of poor scholars. The name college was soon applied to any institution for academic purposes, endowed with revenues, and possessing a private code of laws, whether it were wholly independent or subject to the general government of a university. Collegiate foundations do not appear to have existed in the Saracen schools of Spain, but were first established in Paris, and soon afterward in Oxford and Cambridge, in Bologna and Padua, and in Prague and Vienna. In the 15th century the endowments of popes, kings, dignitaries of the church, and powerful families had made colleges so common in many of the European universities, that every person connected with a university was usually a member of some one of its colleges.

Some of them were in the interest of the monastic orders, and their design to train ministers for the church still appears in the prohibition of the fellows of the English colleges from marrying. They were sometimes not only schools for the young, but hospitals for the old. Sion college in London was in the 14th and 15th centuries both a priory and a hospital. It is now a corporation of the clergy of the city of London, and also a hospital for 20 poor men and women. St. Peter's college, Westminster, may also be mentioned, as well as the royal naval college at Portsmouth. Among the oldest French colleges are the Sorbonne, founded about 1250, in which at first 16 students of theology were gratuitously supplied; the college de Bons Enfants, founded in 1257; d'Harcourt, in 1280; and de Navarre, in 1304. Though they were charitable institutions, some of them became so renowned for the learning and eloquence of their lecturers that nobles and princes of the blood placed their children in them. In the university of Paris, 15 colleges were founded in the 13th century, and the number has since been increased to about 100, more than half of which are of slight importance.

Each college became a distinct faculty, having lectures and disputations only in a single department, and the university was a collection of colleges, each of which gave instruction exclusively in one branch of learning. The colleges in the English universities assumed at first a different character, being not designed to confer instruction, but to administer royal or private munificence in aiding students through the university. The task of instruction was, however, gradually transferred from the university to the colleges, till at present the former retains only such general powers as the conferring of degrees or other honors. Each college, instead of limiting its instructions to one department, assumes the entire task of qualifying its members for degrees. The funds support a certain number of graduates termed fellows, who may retain this position for life, unless they inherit estates of greater income, or marry; and there are scholarships, exhibitions, and other stipends which give entire or partial support to a portion of the undergraduates, all of whom are under the superintendence of tutors. Besides those who receive aid from the foundations, there are other independent students, who are styled, according to their rank and expenditures, noblemen, fellow commoners, or commoners.

Oxford has 19 colleges and 5 halls, the latter being merely unendowed boarding places, where each student lives at his own expense. Cambridge has 17 colleges. Gresham college was established in 1575 by Sir Thomas Gresham, founder of the royal exchange. The lectures commenced, after his death, in his own house near Broad street, in June, 1597; and there, too, the founders of the royal society met in 1645. After the destruction of this building in 1768, the lectures were continued in a room over the royal exchange. On Nov. 2, 1843, the present edifice in Ba-singhall street was opened. - It is only within the last 50 years that collegiate establishments belonging to Roman Catholics and dissenters have enjoyed the privilege of obtaining academic degrees for their pupils, without having to subscribe to the thirty-nine articles. An attempt to remedy this injustice, and to provide a complete university and scientific education for the inhabitants of the metropolis, led to the founding of University college, King's college, and the university of London. The project originated with the poet Campbell and Lord Brougham. The latter in 1825 introduced a bill into parliament for incorporating the university of London, which was lost.

The next step was to found and organize the institution at first named London university. The deed of settlement was dated Feb. 11, 1826; the building in Gower street was commenced April 30, 1827, the first stone being laid by the duke of Sussex; and it was opened by an inaugural lecture from Prof. Bell, Oct. 1, 1828. As the course of instruction was free to persons of every creed, and did not embrace positive religious teaching, a warm and persistent opposition was at once set on foot by members of the church of England, supported by Oxford and Cambridge, and even by royalty itself. George IV. gave toward the foundation of a rival establishment the ground on which stood the east wing of Somerset house. The new college, named after him King's college, was incorporated by royal charter Aug. 14, 1829, and opened Oct. 8, 1831. Every effort made to obtain a charter for London university proved ineffectual until Nov. 28, 1836, when two charters were granted by Queen Victoria, one to London university, whose name was now changed to University college, and the other establishing the university of London. This latter obtained a new charter in 1837, empowering it to confer degrees on the pupils of King's college, as well as those of University college and all other like proprietary collegiate institutions in England. These powers have again and again been enlarged, and the university of London is now (1873) represented in parliament by Robert Lowe, chancellor of the exchequer.

Among the many colleges which at the present time are connected with it in the British islands and colonies, the following may be mentioned: Manchester Independent college, founded for educating persons of the Independent persuasion; the Owens college at Manchester, from which theological instruction is excluded; Manchester New college, belonging to the Unitarians; the Catholic colleges of Stoney-hurst, Lancashire (known as a first-rate scientific as well as classical school), and St. Cuth-bert's, Ushaw, Durham county, the rival of Stoneyhurst, and in which the historian Lingard counted among his pupils the late Cardinal Wiseman and the late Rev. John Larkin. - Colleges in France are now a grade of public schools, corresponding nearly to the gymnasia of Germany, and educating pupils between about the ages of 10 and 18. They are either state or communal, according as they are sustained by the funds of the state or of particular cities. There are 83 of the former class (termed ly-ceums since 1850), including 5 in Paris, under the direction of an inspector appointed by the academy; and 253 of the latter, superintended by the minister of public instruction.

The course of study embraces religion, the French, Latin, and Greek languages, one or two foreign modern languages, philosophy, history, geography, mathematics, the natural sciences, and drawing. The college of France, founded by Francis I. in 1530, presents a system of instruction hardly surpassed in vastness by any university. Its origin was due to the impulse given to learning in the West by the labors of exiled Greeks from Constantinople, and to the solicitations of Guillaume Bude, a disciple of Johannes Lascaris. Its professors have always borne the name of lecteurs royaux. At first having chairs of but three ancient languages, it has now 28 professors and distinct courses, embracing astronomy, mathematics, mathematical physics, experimental physics, medicine, comparative embryology, chemistry, natural history of organic and of inorganic bodies, the law of nature and of nations, comparative legislation, political economy, the ethics of history, archaeology, the Hebrew, Chaldaic, Syriac, Arabic, Persian, and Turkish languages, the Chinese, Mantchoo Tartar, Sanskrit, and Greek languages and literatures, Latin poetry and eloquence, Greek and Latin philosophy, the mediaeval and the modern French languages and literature, the foreign modern European languages and literatures, and the Slavic languages and literatures.

All these courses are gratuitous. Among the distinguished men who have taught in this college are Gassendi, Tournefort, Lalande, De-lambre, Cuvier, Ampere, Thenard, Batteux, Rollin, De Guignes, Delille, Andrieux, Syl-vestre de Sacy, and Abel Remusat. This college and the jardin des plantes are almost the only establishments of public instruction in France which survived the tumults of the first revolution. Besides the colleges under the direct control of the university, there are in France a large number of proprietary colleges, denominated colleges libres according to the law of 1850. The great majority were founded by the clergy; but not a few are under exclusive lay government. Among the latter class are the colleges Ste. Barbe, Stanislas, Rollin, and Juilly; among the former we may mention the college Ste. Genevieve, belonging to the Jesuits, and the college de Vaugirard, both of high excellence in scientific and classical education, as well as the college des Carmes, which under the late Bishop Cruice had the reputation of one of the best scientific schools in Paris. - In Rome many colleges have been founded for the purpose of training able missionaries for the various nations of the globe.

The college of the Propaganda was founded in 1627 by Urban VIII., for the education of young men of every color and nationality. The col-legio Romano was built in 1582 by Gregory XIII., and has ever been exclusively under the management of the Jesuits; besides the splendid library and the Kircherian museum, the Roman observatory is also attached to this college, and under the direction of Fathers de Vico and Secchi has rendered important services to modern science. There are moreover the collegium Germanicum, the English, Irish, and Scotch colleges, and two founded by Pius IX., the collegium Americanum for natives of the United States, and the collegium Hispano-Americanum for natives of Spanish America. - When a separate college contains within itself all the faculties and privileges of a university, it is often designated by the latter name, and therefore the terms college and university are in many cases used indiscriminately. Thus, Trinity college in Dublin is also called a university, and there is no fixed distinction between colleges and universities in the usage of the United States. All American colleges confer degrees in the arts, and the older and more flourishing of them have faculties and give instruction also either in medicine, divinity, or law, or in a few instances in all the professional studies. (Particular accounts of colleges are given under their names in special articles.

See also University.) - The following table, arranged in the alphabetical order of the states, presents a general view of the universities, colleges, and collegiate departments in the United States in 1872, as reported by the United States bureau of education, omitting however many institutions of little importance. The list reported by that department comprises 298 institutions, and the names of 52 others were given from which no information had been received. Many of these institutions, though classified as colleges, are doubtless such only in name, being in fact merely ordinary high schools; but owing to the great difficulties of classification, the results here given possess as high a degree of accuracy as can practically be attained. Many of the colleges in the list have professional schools connected with them which are not included in the results given. Business colleges and institutions for the superior instruction of females, as well as technical and professional schools, are also excluded. For each institution having a preparatory school, the statistics for that department and for the collegiate department proper are presented separately. Of the 298 institutions reported, 217 report collegiate students in attendance.

The total number of instructors in all the institutions was 3,040, and of students 45,628, including 19,476 in the preparatory courses, 19,260 in collegiate courses, 6,694 unclassified, and 198 resident or post-graduate students. Among the students were 5,680 females, of whom 4,261 were in the preparatory and 1,419 in the collegiate department. The course of study in 209 of these institutions is reported to be four years, in 9 three years, in 7 two years, and in 25 more than four years, including evidently the preparatory and collegiate courses; while 48 make no report of the number of years in the course. At the last commencement the degree of A. B. was conferred in course upon 1,963 persons, the degree of A. M. in course upon 746, and various honorary degrees were conferred upon 341. There were, however, 124 institutions that made no report of the degrees conferred in course. In Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Louisiana, Minnesota, Nebraska, Nevada, Oregon, Texas, Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, and Washington territory, no institutions are reported to have conferred the degree of A. B.

Table Of Colleges In The United States

NAME.

Location.

Date of organization.

Denomination.

Professors and instructors.

Number of students unclassified.

Prepar'y Depart.

No. of students collegiate dep't.

Volumes in library.

Whole number of faculty.

Resident professors.

Non-resident professors.

Instructors.

Tutors.

Endowed professorships.

Number of instructors.

Students.

Southern University......

Greensborough, Ala

...

Methodist Episcopal..

18

...

..

..

..

..

120

..

..

..

10,000

Howard College.......

Marion, Ala.........

1887

Baptist.........

10

10

..

..

..

0

. .

1

40

95

1,200

St. Joseph's College.......

Spring Hill, Ala...

1829

Roman Catholic.....

16

16

0

9

0

0

..

..

150

5.000

University of Alabama........

Tuscaloosa, Ala....

1881

None.........

11

11

0

0

0

11

..

0

0

112

2,000

St. John's College.........

Little Rock, Ark..

1857

Masonic..........

4

8

1

..

2

..

..

2

102

..

..

Missionary College of St. Augustine.......

Benicia, Cal.....

1868

Protestant Episcopal.

5

4

1

8

2

0

..

4

65

29

..

St. Vincent's College..........

Los Angeles, Cal...

1867

Roman Catholic......

4

4

..

4

..

..

..

4

45

..

1,000

University of California.......

Oakland, Cal......

1855

State............

18

...

..

..

..

..

59

..

149

147

3,000

St. Ignatius College......

San Francisco, Cal.

1855

Roman Catholic......

19

11

8

..

..

..

..

6

300

150

5.20*0

St. Mary's College............

" "

1863

" "...........

12

8

4

10

..

..

..

10

200

18

1,400

University College......

" "

1859

Presbyterian........

23

28

..

8

2

..

..

3

90

90

..

Franciscan College......

Santa Barbara, Cal.

1868

Roman Catholic......

9

0

0

6

2

..

..

3

40

..

2,000

Santa Clara College......

Santa Clara, Cal...

1851

" "..........

15

6

4

8

8

0

..

3

80

..

10,000

University of the Pacific.......

San Jose, Cal........

1852

Methodist Episcopal..

5

ft

..

7

2

..

..

..

..

..

..

Pacific Methodist College....

Santa Rosa, Cal.....

1861

Meth. Epis. South....

9

6

0

..

0

..

..

3

110

50

500

California College........

Vacaville. Cal.........

1870

Baptist........

4

...

..

..

..

..

68

..

..

..

1,000

Trinity College.....

Hartford, Conn.....

1823

Protestant Episcopal..

17

8

9

..

..

4

..

..

..

88

15,000

Wesleyen University.....

Middletown, Conn.

1831

Methodist............

13

7

2

2

..

7

..

..

..

190

22,000

Yale College.....

New Haven, Conn.

1700

Congregational.........

57

52

16

5

16

4

..

..

..

517

86,000

Delaware College.....

Newark, Del....

1870

State.................

5

5

2

2

1

..

..

10

98

12

6,000

University of Georgia......

Athens, Ga.......

1801

State.........

12

...

..

..

..

..

7

..

55

255

20,000

Mercer University......

Macon, Ga........

1888

Baptist..............

5

...

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

82

5,000

Emory College..........

Oxford, Ga........

1838

Meth. Epis. South....

6

6

..

6

..

..

..

1

50

189

3,000

Abingdon College..........

Abingdon, Ill......

1855

Disciples..........

8

...

0

9

1

0

..

..

..

76

..

Illinois Wesleyan University..

Bloomington, Ill...

1857

Methodist Episcopal..

10

10

0

10

0

8

..

5

175

102

1,500

St. Viatur's College...........

Bourbonnais Grove, Ill...............

1866

Roman Catholic.........

13

18

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

150

..

Blackburn University......

Carlinville, Ill.....

1867

Presbyterian.........

7

7

..

7

..

5

..

5

196

79

1,000

Chicago University...........

Chicago, Ill.........

1859

Baptist.........

13

..

..

8

2

..

52

..

154

75

..

St. Ignatius College..........

" ".........

1870

Roman Catholic........

10

10

0

6

2

0

..

2

23

44

5,000

Eureka College............

Eureka, Ill.........

1852

Disciples.........

7

..

..

..

..

..

128

..

..

216

Northwestern University.....

Evanston, Ill.........

1854

Methodist...........

11

8

0

3

0

1

..

8

806

146

22,000

Freeport College..........

Freeport, Ill.......

1872

Presbyterian.........

5

5

..

5

..

..

..

5

60

..

..

Lombard University..........

Galesburg, Ill.....

1857

Universalist...........

5

4

1

8

..

..

..

6

101

..

..

Knox College...........

" "

1841

Congregational.........

15

...

..

..

..

..

..

..

127

61

6,200

Illinois College...........

Jacksonville, Ill...

1880

"..........

13

6

2

8

2

4

..

4

234

25

8,000

McKendree College...........

Lebanon, Ill.......

1828

Methodist Episcopal..

6

6

0

6

0

0

..

3

126

139

8,000

Lincoln University...........

Lincoln, Ill.......

1866

Cumb'd Presbyterian.

7

4

1

6

1

5

..

4

87

44

2,000

Monmouth College...........

Monmouth, Ill.......

1856

United Presbyterian..

9

..

8

..

..

..

..

7

140

121

2,000

Northwestern College...........

Naperville, Ill.....

1861

Evangelical Associat'n

8

5

1

7

1

..

..

5

128

22

600

Shurtleff College..............

Upper Alton, Ill...

1835

Baptist..............

12

12

0

..

..

6

..

3

103

46

4,250

Westfleld College.............

Westfleld, Ill.......

1867

Unit'd Breth. in Christ

5

6

0

7

..

0

..

..

174

41

300

Wheaton College.............

Wheaton, Ill......

1855

Congregational.......

10

8

2

15

2

8

..

..

22

44

3,000

Indiana University..........

Bloomington, Ind..

1828

None..........

24

24

0

..

1

..

..

..

0

211

6,000

Wabash College..............

Crawfordsville, Ind

1834

Presbyterian.........

8

8

..

8

..

..

..

5

142

89

12,000

Concordia College............

Fort Wayne, Ind..

1850

Luteran......

4

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

60

88

3,000

Indiana Asbury University.....

Greencastle, Ind...

1885

Methodist Episcopal..

9

9

..

..

1

7

196

..

..

172

..

Hanover College.....

Hanover, Ind......

1833

Presbyterian.........

7

7

..

2

1

3

..

2

44

74

7,000

Hartsville University.........

Hartsville, Ind....

1854

United Brethren.....

7

5

0

9

0

..

..

8

110

7

503

Northwestern Christian Univ.

Indianapolis, Ind..

1854

Disciples.........

15

15

..

..

2

2

..

4

100

81

5,000

Howard College..............

Kokoma, Ind.......

1869

None..........

5

..

..

4

..

..

..

..

..

69

..

Union Christian College.......

Merom, Ind....

1858

Christian.........

4

4

..

7

..

..

6

8

147

9

400

Moore's Hill College......

Moore's Hill, Ind..

1854

Methodist Episcopal..

5

5

..

5

..

..

46

..

130

12

340

University of Notre Dame.....

Notre Dame, Ind..

1842

Roman Catholic......

35

35

..

26

9

..

..

10

155

58

12,000

Earlham's College.......

Richmond, Ind....

1859

Friends (Orthodox)...

6

6

0

7

..

..

..

4

101

66

3,300

Burlington University........

Burlington, Iowa..

1853

Baptist.........

5

2

3

5

..

..

..

1

10

41

2.000

Upper Iowa University.......

Fayette, Iowa. ...

1858

Methodist Episcopal..

10

10

..

..

..

..

74

..

..

38

2,000

Iowa College...............

Grinnell, Iowa..

1848

Congregational.......

10

5

..

..

2

2

42

7

170

31

4,000

Iowa State University.....

Iowa City, Iowa...

1860

None.......

32

10

9

12

..

..

..

..

..

131

4.500

Iowa Wesleyan University..

Mt. Pleasant. Iowa

1855

Methodist Episcopal..

9

9

..

5

..

..

..

..

98

129

2,500

Cornell College.....

Mt. Vernon, Iowa.

1857

" ".........

18

8

0

5

0

4

56

5

262

20

4,000

Central University of Iowa....

Pella, Iowa........

1854

Baptist.........

7

4

..

9

..

..

..

2

105

18

2,000

Tabor College................

Tabor, Iowa........

1866

Congregational.........

5

5

0

6

0

0

..

..

161

18

3.000

Baker University.............

Baldwin City, Kan

1857

Methodist Episcopal..

8

6

2

..

1

1

21

..

..

44

2,000

State University..............

Lawrence, Kan .

1864

State.................

8

..

..

..

2

..

..

..

..

27

..

Centre College..........

Danville, Ky..

1819

Presbyterian.........

6

6

..

6

..

..

12

8

80

57

5,000

Georgetown College..........

Georgetown, Ky...

.....

Baptist...........

7

7

..

1

1

..

..

1

41

94

..

Kentucky University.........

Lexington, Ky

1858

Disciples.........

26

26

..

..

2

3

..

..

..

173

20,000

Bethel College................

Russellville, Ky.. .

1856

Baptist..........

8

8

0

8

2

3

..

..

..

175

1,000

St. Mary's College............

St. Mary's Station, Ky..............

1821

Roman Catholic......

7

7

..

..

..

..

..

1

14

79

800

Louisiana State University....

Baton Rouge, La..

1860

None.........

11

7

0

7

0

0

..

7

47

68

..

St. Charles College.........

Grand Coteau, La.

1837

Roman Catholic.........

15

8

..

..

..

..

..

1

15

62

4,000

College of the Immaculate Conception......

New Orleans, La..

1859

Roman Catholic.....

9

..

..

..

..

..

200

..

..

..

8.000

Bowdon College............

Brunswick, Me.....

1798

Congregational.........

22

16

6

4

1

12

..

..

..

186

35,000

NAME.

Location.

Date of organization.

Denomination.

Professors and instructors.

Number of students unclassified.

Prepar'y Depart.

No. of students collegiate dep't.

Volumes in library.

Whole number of faculty.

Resident professors.

Non-resident professors.

Instructors.

Tutors.

Endowed professorships.

Number of instructors.

Students.

Bates College.....

Lewiston, Me...

1863

Baptist..

7

4

1

6

1

..

..

4

68

96

5,000

Colby University......

Waterville, Me...

1820

Baptist...

7

6

..

..

1

2

..

..

..

52

10,000

St. John's College......

Annapolis, Md...

1789

State...

8

6

2

11

2

0

..

..

61

64

3,000

Loyola College.........

Baltimore, Md...

1853

Roman Catholic..

8

10

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

20,000

Rock Hill College.............

Ellicott City, Md..

1857

" "

22

14

8

..

..

..

..

8

110

46

6,800

St. Charles College............

" "

1848

" "

12

12

..

..

..

..

180

..

..

..

4,000

Mt.St.Mary's College.....

Emmettsburg, Md

1808

" "

26

..

..

..

..

..

161

..

..

..

8 000

Frederick College.....

Frederick, Md...

1797

State................

3

..

..

3

..

..

88

..

..

21

2,300

Western Maryland College....

Westminster, Md.

1868

Methodist Protestant.

13

5

8

..

..

0

..

4

35

78

2,500

Amherst College........

Amherst, Mass...

1821

Congregational...

21

14

4

3

..

7

..

..

..

268

28,000

Boston College.....

Boston,Mass..

1864

Roman Catholic...

9

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

3,000

Harvard College....

Cambridge, Mass.

1638

None...

33

16

7

12

6

13

..

..

..

637

134,000

Tufts College.................

College Hill, Mass.

1855

Universalist....

13

9

7

17

2

6

..

..

.....

62

12,000

Williams College.....

Williamst'n. Mass.

1793

Congregational....

13

10

0

1

0

5

..

..

..

119

15,000

College of the Holy Cross....

Worcester, Mass..

1843

Roman Catholic......

1?,

10

2

3

3

..

..

..

..

..

10,000

Adrian College....

Adrian, Mich....

1868

Methodist....

6

8

..

3

..

..

30

..

71

32

..

Albion College....

Albion, Mich.....

1860

Methodist Episcopal..

8

..

..

1

..

..

..

..

158

33

..

Michigan University....

Ann Arbor, Mich..

1841

None...

15

15

d

15

..

..

28

..

..

392

22,000

Hillsdale College.....

Hillsdale, Mich...

...

Free Baptist.........

ft

8

..

13

1

8

..

12

74

..

4 500

Kalamazoo College....

Kalamazoo, Mich.

1855

Baptist....

9

4

..

5

..

..

..

6

121

30

2,100

Olivet College....

Olivet,Mich....

1859

Congrega'l & Presby'n

13

7

1

5

..

4

..

..

123

50

4,000

University of Minnesota....

Minneapolis, Minn

1868

State ...............

11

5

0

6

..

..

..

..

196

36

6.000

Mississippi College.....

Clinton,Miss...

1851

Baptist.....

10

5

0

3

2

0

..

5

134

25

2,000

University of Mississippi....

Oxford,Miss...

1848

State.................

19

19

0

..

..

..

..

4

188

127

5,000

Tougaloo University.....

Tougaloo, Miss...

1870

.....

10

9

1

12

..

2

..

7

210

..

..

St.Vincent's College....

CapeGirardeau,Mo

1844

Roman Catholic......

9

..

0

8

..

0

..

0

0

159

5,500

University of Missouri....

Columbia,Mo..

1840

State......

16

15

5

4

..

16

51

0

0

294

7,000

Central College....

Fayette,Mo....

1871

Meth. Epis. South....

5

5

0

0

0

5

..

3

26

78

..

Westminister College....

Fulton,Mo...

1852

Presbyterian.........

6

6

0

6

0

..

31

..

20

49

2,500

Hannibal College....

Hannibal,Mo....

1868

Meth. Epis. South....

5

5

0

0

0

0

..

2

35

73

400

St.Joseph's College...

St. Joseph, Mo...

1867

Roman Catholic....

10

8

2

3

1

..

8

178

..

600

St. Louis University....

St. Louis, Mo.....

1833

" "

20

19

1

..

0

0

56

3

90

52

24,000

Washington University....

" "

...

None................

41

24

0

17

..

..

8

22

320

81

..

College of the Chris,n Brothers

" "

1859

Roman Catholic....

25

18

0

7

0

0

..

15

450

39

10.000

Dartmouth College....

Hanover, N. H...

1770

Congregational...

33

16

11

4

1

7

..

0

0

264

46,000

Rutgers College;.............

NewBrunsw'k,N.J

1771

Reformed....

23

12

0

0

1

4

..

10

175

144

..

College of New Jersey....

Princeton, N. J...

1748

Presbyterian....

16

12

2

18

4

7

..

..

..

369

20,000

Seton Hall College............

South Orange, N.J

1856

Roman Catholic....

8

7

2

8

..

0

..

..

..

100

8,000

Alfred University....

Alfred, N.Y......

1836

Baptist....

21

..

..

..

..

.

238

..

90

80

6,000

St. Bonaventura College......

Allegany, N. Y...

1859

Roman Catholic....

14

14

..

..

..

..

120

..

..

..

..

St.Stephan's College.....

Annandale, N.Y..

1858

Episcopal....

6

6

0

4

0

0

..

6

17

53

2,000

St. John's College............

Brooklyn, N.Y...

1870

Roman Catholic......

8

..

..

..

..

..

140

..

..

..

.

Canisius College..............

Buffalo, N. Y.....

1870

" "

10

9

1

..

..

..

..

..

..

71

2,000

St.Joseph's College....

" "......

1862

" "

14

13

1

10

2

..

231

4

150

..

1,500

Hamilton College.............

Clinton, N.Y.....

1812

Presbyterian....

12

11

1

11

0

8

..

..

..

161

12,000

St. John's College............

Fordham, N. Y...

1840

Roman Catholic......

24

23

1

0

0

0

..

6

70

68

15,000

Hobart College...............

Geneva, N. Y.....

1824

Protestant Episcopal.

6

6

3

..

..

5

..

..

..

44

13 000

Madison University.....

Hamilton,N. Y...

1832

Baptist....

12

11

1

14

3

4

..

4

45

113

10,454

Cornell University....

Ithaca, N. Y......

1868

None........

49

21

14

3

11

..

..

..

..

506

35 000

College of the City of N. Y....

New York, N. Y..

1866

".....

15

15

0

36

22

0

..

36

540

344

21 000

College of St. Francis Xavier..

" "...

1847

Roman Catholic.....

34

22

4

3

..

0

..

13

357

90

16 000

Columbia College.............

" "....

1754

Episcopal............

9

8

0

1

2

1

..

..

..

1?4

15,600

Manhattan College....

" "...

1863

Roman Catholic

10

9

1

5

0

0

..

36

680

85

6 500

University of City of N. Y...

" "...

1831

None.....

35

35

0

0

0

..

..

..

..

57

3,046

University of Rochester....

Rochester, N. Y..

1850

Baptist....

9

9

0

0

0

8

6

..

..

148

11,000

Union College................

Schenectady, N.Y.

1795

None.....

15

15

0

15

1

12

..

4

..

119

18,000

Syracuse University..........

Syracuse, N. Y...

1871

Methodist Episcopal..

9

8

1

1

0

..

..

..

..

104

1,563

Davidson College.............

Davidson Vill.,N.C

1837

Presbyterian.........

7

7

0

0

0

0

9

..

..

96

6,000

Rutherford Male and Female college....

Excelsior, N. C

1870

None......

5

2

9

4

2

0

..

1

18

234

..

Wake Forest College.........

Wake Forest, N.C.

1833

Baptist.......

6

5

0

6

1

0

..

..

..

100

8,000

Trinity College...............

Trinity, N. C......

1852

Meth. Epis. South...

6

6

0

6

0

0

..

3

13

107

6,000

Ohio University..............

Athens, Ohio....

1804

........

5

4

..

..

1

..

..

1

28

40

5,000

Baldwin University....

Berea, Ohio....

1856

Methodist Episcopal..

10

9

1

1

..

1

97

..

67

93

1,000

St. Xavier College............

Cincinnati, Ohio..

1832

Roman Catholic......

18

6

..

..

9

..

214

..

84

69

16,000

Mt. St. Mary's of the West....

" "

1851

" "

6

6

..

10

..

..

..

..

25

61

10,000

Ohio Wesleyan University...

Delaware, Ohio...

1845

Methodist Episcopal..

11

7

0

9

2

9

14

..

211

194

13,060

Kenyon College....

Gambier, Ohio..

1826

Protestant Episcopal.

5

5

0

8

3

4

..

4

16

51

12,000

Denison University...........

Granville, Ohio..

1831

Baptist.....

9

7

0

9

2

1

..

3

100

61

11,000

Hiram College................

Hiram,Ohio....

1866

Christian........

6

6

..

9

3

..

..

8

802

..

2,500

Western Reserve College.....

Hudson,Ohio...

1827

None........

7

7

0

7

0

0

..

2

44

52

10,000

Ohio Central College..........

Iberia,Ohio....

...

United Presbyterian..

8

8

..

3

1

0

..

8

100

35

500

Marietta College..............

Marietta, Ohio...

1835

None....

10

7

1

1

1

..

..

2

70

87

24,000

Mount Union College.........

Mount Union,Ohio

1858

Methodist Episcopal..

17

11

6

..

..

3

..

4

181

153

3,500

Oberlin College...............

Oberlin, Ohio.....

1833

Congregational.......

29

12

3

8

6

14

..

10

633

141

11,000

Miami University...........

Oxford,Ohio....

1824

State.................

6

6

..

..

..

..

..

1

28

78

9,000

"One Study " University-

Scio,Ohio....

1859

Methodist Episcopal..

13

9

4

...

..

..

..

..

..

337

..

NAME.

Location.

Date of organization.

Denomination.

Professors and instructors.

Number of students unclassified.

Prepar'y Depart.

No. of students collegiate dep't.

Volumes in library.

Whole number of faculty.

Resident professors.

Non-resident professors.

Instructors.

Tutors.

Endowed professorships.

Number of instructors.

Students.

Witterberge College.....

Springfield, Ohio..

..

Evangelical Lutheran.

5

5

..

..

2

5

....

2

66

79

8,000

Heldelberge College....

Tiffin, Ohio.......

1850

Reformed....

5

5

..

6

1

..

..

..

83

61

4,000

University of Wooster....

Wooster, Ohio..

1870

Presbyterian....

9

9

..

..

..

..

..

2

85

184

2,500

Wilberforce Univeristy....

Xenia,Ohio....

1856

Methodist.....

7

5

2

4

4

0

1

5

94

5

8,000

Xenia college....

" "

1850

Methodist Episcopal..

7

7

..

..

..

..

24

1

26

88

350

Antioch College....

Yell'w Springs, O..

1858

Unitarian Cong....

6

5

0

9

8

5

85

8

50

16

5,000

Pacific Univeristy.......

Forest Grove.Oreg

1859

..

6

..

..

8

..

..

96

..

46

13

5,000

Christian College....

Monmouth, Oreg.

..

..

9

..

..

..

..

..

52

..

79

126

..

Willamette University.......

Salem,Oreg....

1851

Methodist Episcopal..

1

1

..

..

..

..

..

5

190

42

2,000

Muhlenberg college.......

Allentown, Pa...

1848

Lutheran.....

6

6

0

..

1

1

....

2

32

66

3,000

Lebanon Valley College.......

Annville,Pa...

1866

United Brethren.....

6

5

0

0

2

0

....

2

163

25

...

Dickson College........

Carlisle,Pa...

1783

Methodist Episcopal..

1

7

0

0

2

..

..

..

..

87

30,000

Lafayette College.......

Easton,Pa...

1831

Presbyterian.....

25

16

3

1

5

..

..

..

..

257

..

Pennsylvania College......

Gettysburg, Pa...

1832

Lutheran......

10

9

1

1

8

5

6

2

47

74

18,300

Franklin and Marshall College.

Lancaster,Pa...

1853

German Reformed...

7

5

0

0

2

0

....

2

42

72

12,000

Lewisburg Univeristy......

Lewisburg, Pa...

1847

Baptist..............

6

6

0

..

, .

2

6

8

71

73

5,000

Lincoln University.......

Lower Oxford, Pa.

1853

Presbyterian.........

19

6

8

4

..

4

..

4

89

85

3,000

Alleghany College.......

Meadville,Pa....

1815

Methodist............

6

6

..

..

..

6

..

..

46

53

11,050

Palatinate College.......

Myerstown, Pa...

..

German Reformed___

6

..

..

..

..

..

283

..

..

..

600

Westminster College........

Wilmington, Pa...

1852

United Presbyterian..

5

5

0

1

..

..

..

4

41

85

8,000

La Salle College.........

Philadelphia, Pa..

1862

Roman Catholic....

16

..

..

..

..

..

212

..

..

..

8,000

University of Pennsylvania..

" "...

1749

None.....

81

30

1

4

..

0

11

..

..

88

20,000

Western University of Perm..

Pittsburgh, Pa..

1820

"...

14

9

0

5

0

8

23

4

115

41

2,700

Lehigh University.......

S. Bethlehem, Pa.

1866

Protestant Episcopal.

7

6

1

6

..

..

130

..

..

..

2,000

Swathmore College........

Swathmore, Pa...

1869

Friends.....

7

6

1

13

..

..

..

20

190

70

2,000

Washington and Jefferson Col.

Washington, Pa...

1802

Presbyterian....

11

10

1

. .

. .

1

..

6

43

100

10,000

Waynesburg College........

Waynesburg, Pa..

1850

Cumb'd Presbyterian.

9

7

'2

9

0

4

68

8

96

112

1,500

Haverford College........

W. Haverford, Pa.

1833

Friends.....

0

2

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

44

8,750

St.Vincent's College........

Westmorel'd co.,"

1846

Roman Catholic.....

26

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

36

145

6,000

Brown University.........

Providence, R. I..

1765

Baptist.....

11

9

..

8

. .

4

..

..

..

224

42,000

College of Charleston....

Charleston, S. C...

1789

None.....

6

5

..

..

..

..

50

..

..

..

..

University of South Carolina..

Columbia, S. C___

1806

.....

12

10

2

1

..

0

70

..

..

..

27,000

Wofford College........

Spartanburg, S. C.

1853

Meth. Epis. South....

6

6

0

6

..

..

..

2

29

92

15,000

E. Tennessee Wesleyan Univer

Athens, Tenn.....

1867

Methodist Episcopal..

1

7

0

7

1

0

..

..

..

80

2,200

King College......

Bristol,Tenn...

1868

Presbyterian.....

4

4

..

..

..

1

61

2

85

86

..

Greenville and Tusculum Col..

Greenville, Tenn..

1868

.....

6

4

2

7

1

1

..

1

87

12

5,000

West Tennessee College....

Jackson, Tenn___

..

.....

4

..

..

..

..

..

152

..

..

..

..

East Tennessee University....

Knoxville, Tenn..

1869

None.....

14

8

..

5

1

8

..

4

182

62

1,200

CumberlandUniversity.......

Lebanon, Tenn...

1842

Cumb'd Presbyterian.

22

5

2

7

4

0

..

2

87

103

1,000

Maryville College........

Maryville, Tenn...

1819

Presbyterian.....

3

8

..

6

1

..

..

8

86

30

2,000

Union University........

Murfreesborough, Tenn...........

1848

Baptist......

5

..

..

..

..

..

161

..

..

..

..

Centrea Tennessee College....

Nashville, Tenn...

1866

Methodist Episcopal..

6

6

..

..

..

..

..

6

241

....

450

University of Nashville...

" "...

1785

None......

28

20

0

3

0

0

....

7

221

37

10,000

Fisk University...

" "...

1867

".........

5

5

0

0

0

0

..

7

33

12

720

University of the South...

Suwanee, Tenn...

1868

Protestant Episcopal..

8

8

..

4

..

. .

228

..

..

..

5,000

University of St.Mary...

Galveston, Tex...

1854

Roman Catholic.....

8

8

..

..

..

..

..

4

115

35

500

Henderson College............

Henderson, Tex..

1871

........

..

..

..

7

..

0

315

..

..

..

..

Baylor University....

Independence, Tex

1846

Baptist......

8

5

3

2

1

2

..

..

..

120

2,700

University of Vermont....

Burlington, Vt...

1801

None.....

14

8

5

2

0

1

..

..

..

47

15,000

Middlebury College...........

Middlebury, Vt...

1797

Congregational........

7

7

1

8

0

2

..

..

..

54

12,000

University of Virginia........

Charlottes ville,Va.

1824

State.................

19

15

. .

4

0

15

..

..

..

240

37,000

Emory and Henry College...

Emory,Va....

1838

Meth. Epis. South -

5

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

88

92

13,580

Hampden Sidney College......

Hamp. Sidney, Va.

1775

Presbyterian......

5

5

0

5

0

..

..

..

..

88

7,000

Washington &Lee University.

Lexington, Va___

1871

..........

20

13

. .

7

..

..

..

..

..

240

10,000

Virginia Military Institute...

" "....

1839

None......

12

12

0

..

, .

2

..

..

..

300

5,000

Roanoke College..............

Salem,Va....

1852

Lutheran.......

6

6

0

8

2

0

..

2

82

118

9,000

College of William and Mary..

Williamsburg, Va.

1693

Episcopal........

6

5

0

6

1

0

..

2

85

..

6,000

Bethany College.............,

Bethany, W. Va..

1841

Disciples........

5

..

..

..

i

. ,

21

..

103

..

West Virginia University.....

Morgant'wn, W.Va

1867

State.................

18

10

8

13

1

13

..

3

108

71

3,000

Beloit College................

Beloit, Wis......

1847

Congregational.......

7

6

0

7

0

6

..

2

103

54

7,200

Galesville university....

Galesville, Wis. ..

1855

Methodist Episcopal..

4

4

..

..

..

..

..

105

83

4,500

University of Wisconsin......

Madison,Wis....

1848

State........

27

17

..

10

..

..

..

9

153

68

4,600

Milton College..............

Milton,Wis....

1867

Seventh-Day Baptist.

9

4

..

3

2

..

..

9

160

78

1,500

St.John's College....

Prairie du Chien, Wis............

1865

Roman Catholic......

15

..

..

..

..

..

130

..

..

..

..

Racine College....

Racine, Wis......

..

Episcopal........

7

6

..

..

1

..

..

10

155

65

2,500

Ripon College................

Ripon,Wis....

1863

Congregational.......

10

7

0

11

4

..

..

..

150

50

8,000

Northwestern University.....

Watertown, Wis..

1865

Evangelical Lutheran.

7

7

..

2

..

4

..

2

102

18

1,800

Georgetown College....

Georgetown, D. C.

1789

Roman Catholic.....

5

17

2

19

..

0

56

..

..

50

30,000

National Deaf-Mute College...

Washington, D. C.

1864

National......

10

5

2

1

2

..

4

3

24

18

600

Columbian College....

" "

1822

Baptist........

?4

22

2

2

1

..

..

7

72

40

5,000

Gonzaga College..............

" "

1858

Roman Catholic......

9

9

..

..

..

..

..

..

107

..

..

Howard University....

" "

1866

Congregational.......

22

16

6

5

1

0

..

5

100

85

7,850

Santa Fe University..........

Santa Fe, N. Mex.

1870

Presbyterian.....

4

..

..

..

..

..

51

..

..

..

40

University of Deseret....

SaltLakeC'yUtah

1850

Mormon.....

8

8

..

13

5

..

..

5

355

12

2,205

University of Washington....

Seattle, Wash. Ter.

..

...........

2

2

..

..

..

..

..

2

48

..

..

Holy Angels college....

Vancouver City,

1872

Roman Catholic......

8

3

..

..

..

..

56

..

..

..

..