I. The ancient Greek name of Spain. The aboriginal Iberi, from whom the name was derived, seem to have occupied the entire peninsula from the strait of Gibraltar to the Pyrenees, until the date of the Carthaginian invasion. They are also said to have occupied southern Gaul as far as the Rh6ne, where they bordered upon the Ligurians. Ticknor in his "History of Spanish Literature " says: "The Iberians are the oldest of the occupants of the Spanish soil, and the people who, since we can go back no further, must be by us regarded as the original inhabitants of the peninsula. They appear, at the remotest period of which tradition affords us any notice, to have been spread over the whole territory, and to have given to its mountains, rivers, and cities most of the names they still bear; a fierce race, whose power has never been entirely broken by any of the long line of invaders who at different times have occupied the rest of the country." The Iberians maintained an active commercial intercourse with the Carthaginians, and displayed great activity in mining and much artistic skill in the use of the precious metals.
P. A. Boudard has published a work on the Iberian alphabet and language and Iberian coins (4to, with 40 plates, Beziers, 1859). (See Celtiberi, and Basques.) II. The ancient name of the Caucasian country now known as Georgia. This country was bounded by the Caucasus, Albania, Armenia, and Colchis. The Asiatic Iberians were divided into four castes.
Iberia, a S. parish of Louisiana, intersected by Bayou Teche, and partly occupied by Lake Chetimaches and Vermillion bay; area, about 600 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 9,042, of whom 4,510 were colored. Part of the parish consists of an island lying between Vermillion and Cote Blanche bays and the gulf of Mexico. The surface is level, and the soil alluvial and fertile. Salt is manufactured. The chief productions in 1870 were 115,843 bushels of Indian corn, 12,414 of sweet potatoes, 1,297 bales of cotton, 12,500 lbs. of rice, 1,854 hogsheads of sugar, and 102,495 gallons of molasses. There were 1,271 horses, 834 mules and asses, 6,543 cattle, 3,511 sheep, and 1,569 swine. Capital, New Iberia.