A S. W. Parish Of Louisiana, bordering on the gulf of Mexico, and intersected by Vermilion river; area, about 1,400 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 4,528, of whom 1,047 were colored; in 1875, 6,697, of whom 1,551 were colored. The surface is level prairie, and in many places marshy. Vermilion river, flowing into Vermilion bay in this parish, is navigable for steamboats. The chief productions in 1870 were 111,995 bushels of Indian corn, 22,087 of sweet potatoes, 969 bales of cotton, 259 hogsheads of sugar, 10,165 gallons of molasses, and 421,501 lbs. of rice. There were 2,056 horses, 3,183 milch cows, 12,029 other cattle, 1,502 sheep, and 3,595 swine; 4 manufactories of carriages and wagons, and 8 of molasses and sugar. Capital, Abbeville.
A W. County Of Indiana, bordering on Illinois, bounded E. by the Wabash and intersected by Vermilion river; area, 290 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 10,840. The surface is generally level, and the soil highly fertile, a large portion of the county consisting of beautiful prairie land. Iron ore and bituminous coal abound. The Evansville, Terre Haute, and Chicago railroad traverses it. The chief productions in 1870 were 261,246 bushels of wheat, 598,322 of Indian corn, 54,257 of oats, 33,167 of potatoes, 145,253 lbs. of butter, 44,595 of wool, and 9,659 tons of hay. There were 3.551 horses, 2,278 milch cows, 4,902 other cattle, 13,552 sheep, and 14,047 swine; 1 pork-packing establishment, 5 flour mills, 3 saw mills, and 2 woollen mills. Capital, Newport.
An E. County Of Illinois, bordering on Indiana, drained by Vermilion and Little Vermilion rivers and their affluents, and traversed by several railroads; area, about 1,200 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 30,388. The surface is level, and the soil very fertile. Bituminous coal is found along the banks of Vermilion river. The chief productions in 1870 were 294,364 bushels of wheat, 52,479 of rye, 2,818,027 of Indian corn, 436,051 of oats, 172,558 of potatoes, 682,624 lbs. of butter, 278,554 of wool, and 52,553 tons of hay. There were 15,282 horses, 1,122 mules and asses, 9,681 milch cows, 24,078 other cattle, 67,890 sheep, and 50,177 swine; 17 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 5 of furniture, 1 of iron castings, 1 of machinery, 9 flour mills, and 2 woollen mills. Capital, Danville.