Archibald Constable, a Scottish publisher, born in Fifeshire, Feb. 24, 1774, died July 21, 1827. After serving an apprenticeship to a bookseller, he opened a small shop in Edinburgh in 1795 for the sale of old books and works on Scottish history and literature. In 1801 he undertook the publication of the "Scots Magazine" and "Farmer's Magazine." Upon the establishment of the "Edinburgh Review " in 1802 he became its publisher. In 1803 he commenced the "Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal," and in 1805 published Sir Walter Scott's "Lay of the Last Minstrel." With the exception of the first series of the "Tales of my Landlord," he published all of Scott's works down to the year 1826, as well as the works of Dugald Stewart and other eminent Scotchmen. He also became proprietor of the, "Encyclopaedia Britannica," to which he published a supplement. In 1825 he commenced "Constable's Miscellany," but a few months afterward became bankrupt in the commercial revulsion of that year, Sir Walter Scott being liable for most of his debts. - See "Archibald Constable and his Literary Correspondents," edited by his son, Thomas Constable (3 vols., Edinburgh, 1873).