Philippe De Creveoeur, baron d'Esquerdes, a French soldier, born early in the 15th century, died at La Bresle, near Lyons, in 1494. He was in the service of the duke of Burgundy, and distinguished himself under Charles the Bold, after whose death he entered the service of Louis XL, of whom he remained a favorite even after his foolhardy conduct at the battle of Guinegate in 1479, which converted victory into defeat, and which afterward led to his losing his knightship of the golden fleece. He was successful in subsequent military and diplomatic undertakings, and signed in 1482 the treaty of Arras, which gave the two duchies of Burgundy and the county of Artois to the French crown. He worsted Duke Maximilian in Picardy, taking St. Omer and The-rouanne. Charles VIIL, the successor of Louis XL, made him a marshal in 1492. As plenipotentiary he signed at Staples the treaty of peace with England. Though disapproving of Charles's projects, he accompanied him on his expedition for the conquest of the kingdom of Naples, but died on the way.