Publius Cornelias Dolabella, a Roman general, born about 70 B. C., died in 43. He was noted for his profligacy, and is said to have committed several capital crimes in his youth which but for Cicero would have cost him his life. About 50 he put away his wife Fabia, and, notwithstanding his debauched character and the opposition of Cicero, married Tullia, the daughter of the latter. In the next year the urgent demands of his creditors compelled him to leave Rome, and he sought refuge in the camp of Caesar, to the great sorrow of Cicero. After the battle of Pharsalia, in which he took part, he returned to Rome and became a tribune. His acts led to bloody struggles between the two parties, which did not cease until Caasar's arrival in the autumn. Caesar did not think it prudent to punish him, but to get him out of the city took him with him to Africa and in his campaign against the sons of Pompey in Spain. He promised Dola-bella the consulship in 44, but Antony opposed him. The senate was to decide on the opposition on March 15, when Caesar's assassination changed everything. Dolabella at once seized the consular fasces, approved of the murder, caused Caesar's altar to be thrown down, and crucified or threw from the Tarpeian rock many who were anxious to pay Caesar divine honors.

His conduct pleased the republican party, and he was awarded the province of Syria. On his way thither he committed such atrocious crimes that he was outlawed by the senate and declared a public enemy. Cassius marched against him, and Dolabella, to avoid falling into his hands, was killed by one of his own soldiers by his own orders.