Retriever, a name given to several breeds of sporting dogs, from their being taught to retrieve or recover game which has fallen beyond the reach of the sportsman, or where he does not choose to go for it. The largest and best known is a cross between the Newfoundland dog and the setter, best for game as large as a hare or pheasant; it stands nearly 2 ft. high, with powerful frame and stout limbs; the hair is moderately long and curly, and should be black; the sense of smell is very acute. They are very difficult to train. The smaller retrievers are a cross between the water spaniel or beagle and the terrier, smooth English or rough Scotch; they are less noisy and more companionable than the larger breed.
Plumy Retinispora (Retini-spora plumosa).