I. Georges De

Georges De, a French author, born in Havre about 1601, died in Paris, May 14, 1667. After serving without distinction in the army, he became known by attacks upon Corneille's Cid, and by his devotion to Richelieu, who had him admitted to the academy, and appointed governor of a small fortress near Marseilles; and in 1662 he received a pension of 600 livres. His factitious reputation was increased by his name being published as the author of his sister's most celebrated works, though they were mainly written by her alone. Boileau finally destroyed the ephemeral prestige of his plays and of his epic Ala-tic.

II. Madeleine De, Mlle

Mlle Madeleine De, a French authoress, sister of the preceding, born in Havre, June 15, 1607, died in Paris, June 2, 1701. She was called "another Sappho" and a "tenth muse," although her excessive mannerism injured the hotel Rambouillet, where she was conspicuous, and Boileau satirized her exaggerated sentimentality. But her romances, Ibrahim (4 vols., 1641), Artamène, ou le grand Cyrus (10 vols., 1649-'53), and Clélie (10 vols., 1656; new ed., 1731), enjoyed great popularity on account of their delineations of contemporary characters, especially Artaméne, which served as the basis of Cousin's Société française du 17e siecle (1858). Among her other writings are Alma-hide, ou l'Esclave reine (8 vols., 1660); Dis-cours sur la gloire (1671), which received the first rhetorical prize ever awarded by the academy; Conversations sur divers sujets (4 vols., 1680-'84); Conversations de morale (4 vols., 1686-'8); and letters which, though not collected, are among her brightest efforts. A selection from her writings appeared in 1766, and in many later editions, under the title of Esprit de Mademoiselle de Scudéry; and a memoir of her was published in Paris in 1873.