Shaddock, a fruit of the citrus or orange genus, noted for its great size. In treating of other members of this genus the difficulty of tracing the commercial varieties to botanical species has been alluded to, and the same doubt surrounds the shaddock. The fruit was brought from Asia to the West Indies by an Englishman, Capt. Shaddock. De Candolle is disposed to regard it as a species, not on account of the size of the fruit, but because the leaves are downy on the under side and ciliate on the margins. The shaddock is a native of China and Cochin China, but is thoroughly established in the West Indies, where it presents many varieties. The tree and fruit are much larger than those of the common orange, but it can hardly be regarded as a valuable fruit, as its quality is very inferior. Its specific name, decumana (Lat., immense), refers to its size, the fruit of shaddock often weighing 6 or 8 lbs.; it is mainly useful in making up ornamental collections of tropical fruits.
Shaddock (Citrus decumana).