Straits Settlements, a British colony in Asia, consisting of islands in the strait of Malacca and detached portions of territory adjoining it. It is divided for administrative purposes into three provinces, Singapore, Malacca, and Wellesley, the last including the island of Penang, which will bo found described under their own names. The area, and the population according to the census of 1871, are as follows :
Area in sq. m.
Of the total population in 1871, 200,433 were males and 107,664 females; 103,936 were Chinese, 1,730 Europeans, and the remainder Malays and other East Indians. The Straits Settlements is a crown colony, and is ruled by a governor, resident in Singapore, who is under the direct control of the home government. Subordinate to him are two sub-governors, resident at Malacca and Penang, who have charge respectively of the provinces of Malacca and Wellesley. The colony, which is free commercially, had no public debt in 1871. The gross public revenue in that year was £298,-712; expenditure. £266,499. The total value of imports in 1871 was £10,161,563, of which £2,374,106 were from the United Kingdom: of exports, £9,416,642, of which £2,119,732 were to the United Kingdom. - In 1851 the provinces now included in the Straits Settlements, which previously had been subordinate to the presidency of Bengal, were made a dependency of the crown under the governor general of India; and in April, 1867 (by act of Aug. 10, 1800), they were separated from India and created an independent crown colony.