Theodore Martin, a British author, born in Edinburgh in 1816. He practised law for several years in Edinburgh, and in 1846 removed to London, where he became a parliamentary solicitor. He contributed to various periodicals under the signature of " Bon Gaultier," and published " The Book of Ballads, by Bon Gaultier," a series of burlesque pieces and parodies, written in conjunction with Professor W. E. Aytoun, with whom he was associated in a translation of the " Poems and Ballads of Goethe " (1858). He has translated the Correggio and Aladdin of Oehlenschlager; "King Rene's Daughter," a lyrical drama by the Danish poet Henrik Hertz; "The Odes of Horace," in English verse (1860); " The Poems of Catullus," in English verse, with an introduction and notes (1861); Dante's Vita nuova (1862); and Goethe's Faust (3d cd., 1870). He has also written a biography of W. E. Avtoun (Edinburgh, 1868), and " The Life of the Prince Consort," under the queen's supervision (London, 1875).