Wolfram Von Eschenbach, a German minnesinger, belonging to the circle of poets which near the end of the 12th and the beginning of the 13th century frequented the court of the landgrave Herman I. of Thuringia. He was of noble birth, fought under the banner of different lords in the civil wars of the time, and made his longest abode at the court of Eisenach, in the mountain castle of Wartburg, where the landgrave Herman collected the most illustrious minnesingers. There he became associated with Heinrich von Veldeck, Wal-ther von der Vogelweide, and other bards, and, according to tradition, engaged about 1207 in the poetical contest known as "the war of the Wartburg," and concluded by the magician Klingsor, the legends of which were collected in a famous poem about a century later. Esch-enbach afterward sang at other courts, and died about 1225. Some of his poems are original, and others are imitations of troubadour songs and trouvere romances. Friedrich von Schlegel has called Eschenbach the greatest poet that Germany has produced.
The first critical edition of his works was by Lachmann (Berlin, 1833; 2d ed., 1854). They have been turned into modern German by San Marte (Magdeburg, 1836-41; 2d ed., Leipsic, 1858), and his Parcival and Titurel by Simrock (Stuttgart, 1842; 2d ed., 1857).