Zebnlon Montgomery Pike, an American soldier, born in Lamberton, N. J., Jan. 5, 1779, killed in the attack on York (now Toronto), Canada, April 27, 1813. He entered the army, serving in his father's company, and rose to the rank of lieutenant. After, the United States purchased Louisiana, Pike was sent to explore the sources of the Mississippi and the surrounding territory. He left St. Louis Aug. 9, 1805, at the head of 20 men, provisioned for four months; but his journey lasted nearly nine months, during which he suffered greatly. Soon after his return he was sent on a similar expedition to the interior of Louisiana. Here winter overtook the party, and for weeks they suffered from cold and hunger. After three months' march they made their way to what they supposed was the Red river,, but were taken prisoners by a body of Spanish cavalry, who informed them that they were in Spanish territory and on the banks of the Rio Grande. After an examination before the commandant general of the province of Biscay, Pike was sent home, arriving at Natchitoches July 1, 1807. He received the thanks of government, and was made successively captain, major, and in 1810 colonel of infantry. In that year he published an account of his two expeditions.

At the beginning of the war of 1812 he was stationed on the northern frontier, was appointed in 1813 brigadier general, and was selected to command the land forces in the expedition against York, the capital of Upper Canada. He sailed from Sackett's Harbor April 25, arrived at York April 27 at the head of 1,700 men, and after landing and carrying one battery he was mortally wounded from the explosion of the British magazine. - See his life by H. Whiting in Sparks's "American Biography," second series, vol. v.