See Constantin Fauloon.
Paulus Aegineta, a Greek physician, born in the island of AEgina probably in the 7th century A. D. He was called "the traveller" ( ), and appears to have visited Alexandria, and obtained there his title of or scientific physician. He compiled with materials from Galen and others a treatise in nine books on medicine, still extant, besides one on female diseases, mostly lost. His works were translated into Arabic by Honain ibn Ishak. There is an English translation of part of them by Francis Adams (London, 1834).
See Low Archipelago.
Pausias, a Greek painter, of Sicyon, who flourished between 360 and 330 B. 0. He was instructed by Pamphilus. Pliny says that he was particularly distinguished as a painter in encaustic with the cestrum, and he is believed to have been the first to decorate the ceilings and walls of houses in this style. He was fond of painting small pictures of boys, and from his intimacy with Glycera, a flower girl, he acquired great skill in flower painting. A celebrated painting by him, representing a sacrifice, was preserved in the portico of Pompey at Rome.
Peabody, a town of Essex co., Massachusetts, adjoining Salem, and 12 m. N. N. E. of Boston, with which and with the adjoining towns it is connected by rail; pop. in 1870, 7,343. It contains about 60 leather and morocco manufactories, three glue manufactories, a bleach-ery, print works, two national banks with a joint capital of $400,000, a high school, 6 grammar and 14 primary schools, and 8 churches. A weekly newspaper is published. It was formerly called South Danvers, being separated from the town of Danvers in 1855, and received its present name in 1868 in honor of George Peabody, who was born in this part of Danvers. The Peabody institute, endowed by him with $200,000, is situated here. The building contains a hall for free lectures and a free library of 20,000 volumes. In it are deposited the portrait of Queen Victoria and other tokens of public esteem which had been received by Mr. Peabody.
Peace River, a large stream of British North America, rising in British Columbia, near the source of the Fraser, in about lat. 55° N. It flows first N., receiving Finlay's branch from the N. W., and then breaking through the Rocky mountains pursues a general N. E. course to Lake Athabasca, whence its waters find their way to the Arctic ocean through the Slave and Mackenzie rivers. Its length is about 1,000 m. Its navigation by the Hudson Bay company's boats is interrupted only by a small fall and a few rapids. Its valley is rich and beautiful, and capable of cultivation.