Carmagnole, a French song and dance of the revolutionary era, which greatly contributed to exasperate the people against Louis XVI. and Marie Antoinette, who were lampooned in it as Monsieur and Madame Veto. The song consists of 12 stanzas, the first commencing with the words, " Madame Veto avait promis De faire egorger tout Paris," and each ending with " Dansons la carmagnole, Vive le son du canon".

The multitude in the streets danced to the music of the song amid the wildest enthusiasm, which was equally displayed in the theatres and on the battle field when it was played by the military bands. It was suppressed by Bonaparte after the establishment of the consulate. The name is said to.have originated from the waistcoat worn by the Marseillais who took a conspicuous part in the insurrection of Aug. 10, 1792, the song appearing soon afterward; but the name of its author remained unknown. The appellation was also applied to the costume of the terrorists, to the most violent Jacobins, to the speeches of Barere, and to the soldiers of the republic. The waistcoat called by this name is believed by some authorities to have originated in Carmagnola, near Turin.