Caveau, a Parisian literary and convivial association, initiated in 1729 in the shop of the grocer Gallet, who was a witty songster and a friend of Crebillon the younger and other literary men. Subsequently the suspicion arose that Gallet was deriving too many pecuniary advantages from the habitues, and the place of meeting was removed to a tavern known as the Caveau (cave), whence the name. The dinners on the first Sunday of every month were attended by Helvetius and other celebrated persons. The association was discontinued toward the end of 1739. - Cappelle and Armand Gouffe established in 1806 the Caveau moderne in the cafe de Cancale, and the dinners, which took place on the 20th day of the month at the Rocher de Cancale, were presided over by Pierre Laujon, and after his death in 1811 by Desaugiers, most of whose songs were composed especially for these reunions. The latter invited Beranger, who was here first encouraged to publish his songs. After various vicissitudes the Caveau was reorganized in 1834 by Albert Montomont, at the Pestel restaurant near the cafe de la Regence; and subsequently the monthly dinners took place in the cafe Corazza, in the palais royal, and Jules Janin was received as a member in 1866. At the present day the meetings are rather more ceremonious and academical than formerly.