Charles Jean Marie Barbaroux, a French revolutionist, born in Marseilles, March 6, 1707, guillotined at Bordeaux, June 25, 1794. He was a prominent young lawyer when in 1791 he was sent by his native city as revolutionary agent to the legislative assembly and was admitted to the Jacobin club. When it was feared that the court would succeed in arresting the revolutionary movement in the north of France, Barbarous was vehement in supporting the plan of a separate republic in the south, He took, with his 500 countrymen, who were especially called les Marseillais, an important part in the insurrection of August 10, 1792, which led to the downfall of the monarchy. Elected a deputy to the convention, he joined the deputies of the Gironde, became by his zeal, eloquence, and rare personal beauty a conspicuous member of their party, opposed the merciless policy of Marat and Robespierre, and demanded an act of accusation against the promoters of the massacre of September. He manifested remarkable ability in the discussion of questions of finance, commerce, and the internal administration of the country; he strongly opposed several of the rash and unjust financial measures of the day, and suggested several plans for a more prudent management.

At the trial of Louis XVI. he voted for the king's death, but favored an appeal to the nation. After the popular rising of May 81, 1793, which sealed the tragic fate of the Girondists, Barbarous left Paris with some of his colleagues, and tried to raise an insurrection in the provinces against the convention; but this movement was soon suppressed, and Barbarous, hunted from place to place, sought a refuge in the vicinity of Bordeaux. Being discovered, he shot himself twice; but though in a dying condition, he retained life enough to be sent to the scaffold by the revolutionary committee of Bordeaux.