Charles Louis Ambroise Thomas, a French composer, born in Metz, Aug. 5, 1811. In 1828 he was admitted to the conservatory of Paris, where in 1829 he took the first prize for piano playing, and in 1830 for harmony; two years later the academy of fine arts gave him the first prize for musical composition, which entitled him to a course of musical instruction in Italy, where he remained several years. Returning to Paris in 1836, he composed the following operas, which were represented: La double echelle (1837); Le perruquier de la regence (1838); La Gypsy, a ballet (1839); Le panier fleuri (1839); Carline (1840); Le comte de Carmagnola (1841); Le guerrillero (1842); Angelique et Meclor (1843); Le caid, a comic opera (1849); and Le songe d'une nuit d'ete. His later works are Raymond, La .To-nelli, La cour de Celimene, Psyche, Le carnaval de Venise, Mignon (1866), and Hamlet (1868). The last two are the best of this composer's efforts, though Hamlet is redeemed from dulness only by the fine music of the fourth act. The opera was written for Mlle. Nilsson, who created the role of Ophelia. He is now (1876) engaged upon a grand opera, Francesca da Rimini.