Cher, a river of France, rises in the department of Creuse, flows N., N. W., and W., and after a course of 220 m., during which it describes a semicircle, joins the Loire near Tours. The canal of Berry runs parallel to it in the upper part. Its principal affluents are the Tardes, Arnon, and Sauldre. It is navigable 47 m. from the Loire.

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Cher, a central department of France, formed of of potions of the old provinces of Berry and Bourbonnais, and bordering on the departments of Loiret, Nievre, Allier, Creuse, Indre, and Loir-et-Cher; area, 2,780 sq. m.; pop. in 1872, 335,392. It is bounded E. by the Loire and intersected by its tributary the Cher, and drained by several other streams. The surface is comparatively level. There are mines of iron, manganese, lead, and coal, and marble and other quarries. It is one of the most important industrial departments of France, having manufactories of iron, woollen, and linen, and of porcelain, glass, and other wares. The most important agricultural productions are wine, grain, cattle, and wool. The department is divided into the arrondissements of Bourges, St. Amand, and Sancerre. Capital, Bourges.