Chlamys (Gr.Chlamys 0400238 a scarf), an outer garment of the ancient Geeks and of the oriental races. It somewhat resembled the paluda-mentum of the Romans, and in the reigns of some of the later emperors was adopted by them. It was a woollen garment, and differed from the blanket,Chlamys 0400239 which was the usual dress of the male sex among the Hellenic races, in being much smaller, of a finer material, often variegated in brilliant colors, and otherwise richly ornamented. It was also, in its usual form, oblong instead of square, being twice as long as it was wide; but it was sometimes in-creased in volume by the addition of two gores, or wings, in the shape of obtuse-angled triangles, sewn on the long sides with the apices upward. With this improvement it was known as the Macedonian or Thessalian chlamys. The usual mode of wearing the chlamys was to fasten the corners of the shortest side by means of a clasp (fibula,Chlamys 0400240 on the middle of the chest, when the garment fell down over the back to the knees, or on the right shoulder, when it hung over the left arm and side, much after the fashion of the short cloak of the Elizabethan costume in England, commonly, though improperly, supposed to be of Spanish origin. In the latter mode it was often worn over armor as an ornament or insignia of dignity, especially by generals and officers of superior rank. The chlamys worn by boys was ordinarily yellow, the military chlamys scarlet; and it was remarked afterward as of evil omen, that on the fatal day of Carrlne Crassus wore a dark-colored chlamys or paludamentum. The chlamys of women had often a rich fringe or border, and was many-colored and richly embroidered. It was not unusual to twist the chlamys about the arm, so as to serve as a shield; as was done by Alcibiades, when he died fighting against his murderers.