A name given in France to the friars of the Franciscan order, in allusion to the cord tied with three knots which they wear as a girdle. The title is said to have originated in the time of the crusades, when St. Louis, struck by their prowess in battle with the infidels, asked their name, and was told that they were cordeliez, or " tied with cords." At one time there were in France 224 male and 123 female convents of this order. (See Franciscans.) II. A political club during the first French revolution, which received the name from its members meeting in the chapel of the old convent of the Franciscan friars situated near the rue de l'Ecole de Medecine and the rue de l'Obser-vance, in the centre of the quarter of Paris known as the Cordeliers' district. It became the focus of the wildest agitators, and was constantly quarrelling with the Jacobin club. Marat and Danton were its ruling spirits. At the time the club was in its zenith, Camille Desmoulins edited a popular journal in connection with it under the name of Le meux Cordelier. The club was closed by the law of 6th Fructidor, or Aug. 23, 1795, which dissolved all the political clubs of France.