Edgar Quinet, a French author, born in Bourg, department of Ain, Feb. 17, 1803, died in Paris, March 27, 1875. He studied German literature in Germany, and spent some time in Greece. He was professor at Lyons from 1839 to 1842, when he became the first incumbent of the new chair of the languages and literature of southern Europe at the collége de France. In 1846 he was suspended on account of his inflammatory lectures, but he was triumphantly reinstated after the revolution of Feb. 24, 1848, in which he took a part, and was returned to the constituent and legislative assemblies. In January, 1852, he was banished, and lived abroad till 1870, when he resumed his professorship. In 1871 he took his seat in the national assembly, and opposed peace with Germany and all cession of territory. He wrote much on the literature of Germany, France, and southern Europe, several books of travel, and many remarkable political pamphlets. His principal works are: Ahasvérus (1833); Des Jésuites (in conjunction with Michelet, 1843); Les esclaves, a dramatic poem (1853); La révolution religieuse au XVIIe siècle (1857); Merlin l'enchanteur (2 vols., 1860); La révolution (2 vols., 1865; 5th ed., 1868); La création (2 vols., 1870); and L'Esprit nouveau (3d ed., 1875). - His wife, a Moldavian lady, in 1868 published Mémoires d'exil.