El Paso, Or El Paso Del Norte, an inland town of Mexico, in the N. E. angle of the state of Chihuahua, on the Rio Grande, near the frontier of New Mexico, 945 m. N. W. of the city of Mexico; lat. 31° 45' N., Ion. 106° 28' W.; pop. about 6,000, chiefly mestizoes, with many Indians of pure blood. This place was first established as a military post to check the inroads of the savage tribes which then, as now, ravaged the whole north of the republic. It forms a separate town, though the name is often extended to a series of minor settlements reaching some 15 m. along the banks of the Rio Grande. The fort has been transferred to El Paso del Rio Grande, on the road from Chihuahua to Santa Fe. The country surrounding El Paso consists of well cultivated fields of maize, wheat, and other cereals, dotted with gardens and orchards yielding a luxuriant supply of all the delicate fruits of the temperate zone. The best wine in the republic is made here; and also a species of brandy, called by the border Americans Paso whiskey.
The inhabitants, though generally rich, pay little attention to material comfort.